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Thinking Clearly : A Guide to Critical Reasoning - Jill LeBlanc

Thinking Clearly

A Guide to Critical Reasoning

Paperback Published: 17th August 1998
ISBN: 9780393972184
Number Of Pages: 314

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Recognizing the importance of rehearsing and reinforcing basic skills, Professor LeBlanc presents the essential concepts concisely so that students have time to work through the many exercises in the text and on LEMUR, its accompanying software. No other critical thinking text on the market succeeds as well in presenting fundamental material succinctly while encouraging consistent practice.

Introductionp. xi
Identifying Argumentsp. 1
Argumentsp. 2
p. 5
Propositionsp. 7
p. 9
Explanationsp. 10
Summaryp. 19
p. 20
p. 23
Standardizing Argumentsp. 24
Standardizationp. 24
Subargumentsp. 26
Linked and Convergent Premisesp. 32
p. 34
Missing Premises and Missing Conclusionsp. 37
p. 38
Assumptionsp. 38
p. 40
Counterargumentsp. 41
p. 45
Counterconsiderationsp. 47
Summaryp. 49
p. 49
p. 53
Categorical Logicp. 54
Categorical Statementsp. 54
Standard Formp. 56
Distributed and Undistributed Termsp. 59
p. 62
The Square of Oppositionp. 63
p. 67
Immediate Inferencesp. 68
p. 70
p. 72
p. 74
Categorical Argumentsp. 76
p. 77
Evaluating Syllogismsp. 79
Summaryp. 83
p. 83
Necessary and Sufficient Conditionsp. 85
Conditional Statementsp. 85
All and Onlyp. 88
Counterexamplesp. 91
p. 91
If...Thenp. 92
p. 94
Only Ifp. 95
p. 96
Negationp. 96
Unlessp. 99
Both Necessary and Sufficient/Neither Necessary nor Sufficientp. 100
p. 100
Conditional Argumentsp. 102
Good Argumentsp. 103
Bad Argumentsp. 104
Practice with Conditional Argumentsp. 106
Valid and Invalid Argumentsp. 110
Summaryp. 112
p. 112
Languagep. 115
Definitionsp. 115
p. 117
Stipulative Definitionsp. 117
Evaluating Stipulative Definitionsp. 119
p. 121
Operational Definitionsp. 121
p. 125
Fallacies of Languagep. 125
Persuasive Definitionsp. 125
Emotional Force in Languagep. 127
p. 135
Ambiguity and Vaguenessp. 135
Summaryp. 140
p. 140
Accepting Premisep. 143
Reasons to Accept Premisesp. 143
Common Knowledgep. 146
Authorityp. 153
p. 157
Fallacies Resulting from Bad Premisesp. 158
Dichotomy Argumentsp. 159
Begging the Questionp. 163
Summaryp. 169
p. 170
Relevancep. 172
Fallacies that Occur in Counterargumentsp. 173
Straw Person Fallacyp. 174
Ad Hominemp. 177
Tu Quoquep. 183
p. 185
More Fallacies of Relevancep. 187
Fallacious Appeal to Authorityp. 187
Appeal to Traditionp. 189
Appeal to Ignorancep. 191
p. 196
The Gambler's Fallacyp. 196
Appeal to the Majority/Appeal to the Select Fewp. 198
Summaryp. 200
p. 200
p. 202
Arguments from Analogyp. 204
Analogiesp. 206
Fallacies of Analogyp. 218
Fallacy of Two Wrongsp. 218
Slippery Precedentp. 219
Slippery Assimilationp. 221
Summaryp. 222
p. 223
p. 226
Arguments from Experiencep. 229
Types of Arguments from Experiencep. 230
Hasty Generalizationp. 234
p. 236
Statistical Argumentsp. 238
What Did You Count?p. 240
How Did You Count It?p. 247
p. 250
Operationalizationp. 251
Researching Sensitive Topicsp. 253
Ethical Issues in Researchp. 254
p. 255
Evaluating Statistical Argumentsp. 257
Summaryp. 263
p. 264
Causal Argumentsp. 270
Cause and Effectp. 271
Post Hoc Fallacyp. 271
The Fallacy of Jumping from Correlation to Causep. 272
Control Groupsp. 275
p. 281
Types of Studiesp. 282
Evaluating Causal Argumentsp. 286
Summaryp. 292
p. 293
Glossaryp. 299
Indexp. 307
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780393972184
ISBN-10: 0393972186
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 314
Published: 17th August 1998
Publisher: WW Norton & Co
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.35 x 14.99  x 1.78
Weight (kg): 0.41
Edition Number: 1