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Theta Theory : Studies in Generative Grammar [SGG] - Martin Haiden

Theta Theory

Studies in Generative Grammar [SGG]

Hardcover Published: 17th August 2005
ISBN: 9783110182859
Number Of Pages: 308
For Ages: 22+ years old

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Theta Theory explores the lexicon as an interface in the strict sense, as facilitating the flow of information between cognition and the computational system of language. It argues for the traditional concept of a listed lexicon, where semantic roles are encoded as features of verbs, and against event decomposition.

Part one of the book discusses the link between cognition and the lexicon. Mainstream theories of lexical semantics are critically reviewed. Furthermore, this part provides an extensive description of the relevant data in German, including agentivity, causation, psychological predicates, and different types of diathesis alternations.

Part two is devoted to the link between the lexicon and syntax. It develops a parallel model of grammatical derivation, which allows the formulation of robust generalizations over thematic role assignment, but at the same time acknowledges the relevance of other components, in particular morpho-phonology and narrow syntax. The theory is applied to a wide range of German constructions including modal infinitives, the present and gerundive participle, the past/passive/adjectival participle, verbal particles, auxiliary selection, and unaccusatives/reflexives.

The book is of interest for students and scholars of lexical semantics, for descriptive German linguistics, and for linguists concerned with the development of the Minimalist Program.

From lexical semantics to cognitive psychology, and back againp. 1
Lexical semantics: an overviewp. 1
Thematic role listsp. 2
Roles and eventsp. 5
The localist approachp. 5
The aspectual approachp. 7
The causal approachp. 9
The mapping procedurep. 11
Beyond the UAHp. 15
Problems with diathesis alternationsp. 16
Summaryp. 17
The architecture of the mind, and the lexiconp. 18
The lexicon is a list: Fodor & Leporep. 19
Domain specific thought: ToBy, ToMM, and agencyp. 21
Physical objects and ToByp. 22
Intentional agents and ToMMp. 23
Crossing the interface: cognition, syntax, and the lexiconp. 24
Reinhart's feature theoryp. 27
The lexicon uniformity principlep. 28
Notational conventionsp. 29
Feature clusters and verb classesp. 29
Underspecified causes: [+c]p. 30
Agents: [+c+m]p. 30
Manner verbs and indirect causation: [/+c], [+c-m]p. 31
The realization of thematic feature clustersp. 32
Markingp. 33
Mergingp. 33
Arity operations and the likep. 34
Conclusionp. 37
German verbs: lexical representation and argument realizationp. 39
Introduction: features and rolesp. 39
Role sets and realization patternsp. 42
Agent verbs: [+c+m]p. 42
Agent-patient verbsp. 42
Agent-instrument verbsp. 45
Underspecified causation: [+c]p. 49
Cause-theme verbsp. 50
Verbs of indirect and double causationp. 52
Cause and sourcep. 56
Cause and goalp. 58
Minder verbs: [+m]p. 60
Minder and represented objectp. 60
Ditransitive minder verbs and the intentional alternationp. 62
Indirect causation in the mental domain: sensationsp. 65
Special event verbsp. 67
Mixed value clustersp. 68
Transitive [-] verbsp. 69
Intransitive [-] verbsp. 72
Realization patternsp. 76
Agent verbsp. 76
Cause verbsp. 78
Minder verbs: [+m]p. 81
Special event verbsp. 83
Summaryp. 86
The syntax of thematic alternationsp. 86
Causation and morphological complexityp. 88
On the independence of morpho-syntactic and lexical complexityp. 92
Tests for the position of NPp. 93
Government-related testsp. 94
Constituency-related testsp. 96
Binding asymmetriesp. 99
Attributive past participlep. 100
Impersonal passivep. 101
Auxiliary selectionp. 101
The causative alternationp. 102
The intentional alternationp. 106
Transitive non-causativesp. 110
The instrumental alternationp. 113
Intransitive [-] Verbsp. 114
Intermediate conclusionp. 117
The reflexive alternationp. 117
Thematic roles in reflexive constructionsp. 118
The selbst testp. 119
Agent verbsp. 122
Cause verbsp. 126
Minder verbsp. 136
Special event verbsp. 139
Summary of datap. 139
[+]-reflexives assign their internal theta-rolep. 140
Are theme-reflexives unaccusatives?p. 142
Conclusionp. 146
A Bare Phrase Structure of Argument Expressionp. 150
A new architecture: domains and interpretationp. 151
The role of overt morphology in argument projection: Borer (2003)p. 151
A parallel architecture of grammatical derivationp. 156
More overt morphology: templates and featuresp. 158
Structure-building operations: merge and head-ofp. 161
Mapping into syntax: the basic relations of X'-theoryp. 163
Exemplifying the formalism: stem-derived causativesp. 165
Excursus: Grafts, parallel derivations and expressive powerp. 168
Generating syntactic argument structurep. 172
Subcategorization and formal transitivityp. 172
Thematic roles in syntactic structurep. 175
Finite transitivesp. 180
Dative and selected Pp. 182
Double causativesp. 183
Decausativization by non-realizationp. 185
Decausativization by role reductionp. 185
Minder verbsp. 187
Transitive [-] verbsp. 190
Intransitivesp. 191
Reflexivesp. 193
Conclusionp. 196
Applications and Extensions: Participial and Infinitival Constructionsp. 199
The present participle and modal infinitivesp. 200
The present participlep. 200
Basic factsp. 200
Verbal propertiesp. 202
Adjectival participlesp. 204
Preliminary observations about argument structurep. 205
Intransitivesp. 206
Agents, causes, and double causationp. 207
Underspecified [-m] and cluster distinctnessp. 208
Underspecified [-c]p. 210
Underspecified [+m]p. 212
Mixed value clustersp. 213
Summaryp. 214
Modal Infinitives under sein 'be'p. 215
Basic factsp. 215
Intransitivesp. 216
Agents, causes, and double causationp. 217
Underspecified [-m] and cluster distinctnessp. 218
Underspecified [-c]p. 219
Underspecified [+m]p. 220
Mixed value clustersp. 221
Summaryp. 222
Modal infinitives under haben 'have'p. 223
Intransitivesp. 223
Agents, causes, double causation, and the causative alternationp. 224
Underspecified [-m] and cluster distinctnessp. 225
Underspecified [-c]p. 226
Underspecified [+m]p. 227
Mixed value clustersp. 227
Summaryp. 228
Morphology, syntax and ARB-interpretationp. 228
Against T in the participle, and under sein 'be'p. 229
Infinitives under haben 'have' are tensedp. 231
The position of zu, and its role in role-absorptionp. 232
Arbitrarization and the interpretation of implicit rolesp. 233
On the morpho-syntactic status of /n/ and /d/p. 234
Derivationsp. 235
Intermediate conclusionp. 238
Constructions with the second participlep. 239
Auxiliary selection, intransitive motion and lexical reflexivizationp. 239
Motion verbs and lexical reflexivizationp. 241
Formal vs. thematic features: deriving dialectal variation in auxiliary selectionp. 243
The second participlep. 245
Verb setsp. 246
Verbal participles with an adjectival distributionp. 247
Morphologyp. 249
Verbal vs. adjectival participlesp. 251
Phrasal vs. lexical participlesp. 252
The verbal passivep. 258
Aspectual constraintsp. 258
Thematic constraintsp. 260
Impersonal passivesp. 263
Auxiliary and participle: the overall picturep. 264
Sein 'be'p. 265
Haben 'have'p. 266
Werden 'become/be'p. 267
Conclusionp. 269
Conclusionp. 273
Referencesp. 275
Indexp. 290
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783110182859
ISBN-10: 3110182858
Series: Studies in Generative Grammar [SGG]
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 308
Published: 17th August 2005
Publisher: De Gruyter
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.57 x 16.61  x 2.13
Weight (kg): 0.58