The progress that has recently been made in the field and applications of thermochemistry, having as a consequence an in- crease in the interest of the subject, undoubtedly can be con- sidered highly remarkable. Traditionally, the thermochemist has provided accurate ther- mal data on chemicaZ compounds of practicaZ importance, mainly by calorimetric and by equilibrium studies. The scope has been considerably extended in recent years, following the development of microcalorimetric techniques, of flow calorimetry, of titra- tion calorimetry, and of high temperature calorimetry. The im- pact has been most noticeable in biochemical studies, in metallur- gical studies, and in organometallic and inorganic thermochemis- try. A parallel development has led to increasing output of signi- ficant thermal data on gas-phase transient species (e.g. free ra- dicals, radical ions) by kineticists, and by use of photoioniza- tion spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy and ion-cyclotron resonance spectroscopy.
These species are outside the scope of traditional calorimetric study, but as more data on them become available they vastly add to the value of traditional thermochemical data and enable bond energies to be evaluated, and the inter-relation of molecular structure and bonding energy to be more closely exa- mined.
Techniques and Theory of Titration Calorimetry.- Applications of Titration Calorimetry.- Microcalorimetry.- Differential Scanning Calorimetry.- An Oxygen Flow Calorimeter for Determining the Heating Value of Kilogram-Size Samples of Municipal Solid Waste.- Thermogenesis by Heat Conduction Calorimetry.- The Measurement of Vapour Pressure.- The Use of a Simultaneous Torsion and Mass-Loss Effusion Apparatus for Determining Vapour Pressures And Enthalpies Of Sublimation.- Vaporization Studies by Knudsen Cell-Mass Spectrometry and Thermodynamic Stability of High Temperature Gaseous Species.- Transpiration Mass Spectrometry - A New Thermochemical Tool.- Thermodynamic Activity and Vapor Pressure Models for Silicate Systems Including Coal Slags.- Metal-Ligand Heats and Related Thermodynamic Quantities by Titration Calorimetry.- Measurement of Complexing Constants and Enthalpies of Complexing by Batch Calorimetry.- Metal Ligand Bond Strengths and Bonding Theory.- Thermochemistry of ?-diketones and metal-?-diketonates. Metal-oxygen bond enthalpies.- Thermochemistry of Metal-Polyamine Complexes.- Thermochemistry of Main-Group Organometallic Compounds.- Experimental Thermochemistry of Transition-Metal Organometallic Compounds.- Thermochemistry of Molecular Transition Metal Compounds.- Measurement of Enthalpies of Solution of Electrolytes.- Hydrophobic Hydr ation of Alkylammonium Bromides in Aqueous Mixed Solvents.- Solvation Of Alcohols, Amines, Ureas and Amides in Mixed Solvents.- Microcalorimetry as an Analytical Tool In Biology.- Application of Calorimetry to the Life Science.- Superhelicity and Energetics Of Structural Transitions Of Nucleic Acids.- Calorimetric Studies in Binding Reactions In BiochemistrY.- Cellular Thermochemistry: Resting State and Stimulation.- Differential Scanning Calorimetry Applications to Protein Solutions.- Thermochemistry of molecules, molecule-ions, and free radicals. Factors influencing bond energies in these species.- Experimental Methods to Study the Thermochemistry of Gas Phase Ions and Ion-Molecule Reactions.- The Thermochemistry of Gas Phase Ion-Molecule Reactions.- The Application of Low-Temperature Calorimetry to Some Contemporary Problems In Solid State Chemistry.- Thermodynamics of Crystals - 1982.- Calorimetry of Phase, Schottky and Other Transitions.- Thermophysics of Mineral And Rock Systems.- Computerized Adiabatic Thermophysical Calorimetry.- Lectures on Thermochemistry and Kinetics.- Barriers to Internal Rotation in Inorganic Species.- Critical Evaluation of Thermodynamic Data - A Research Activity.- Thermochemistry Today and Its Role in the Immediate Future.- List of Participants.
Series: NATO Science Series C:
Number Of Pages: 845
Published: 31st January 1984
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 1.36