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Theory Construction and Selection in Modern Physics : The S Matrix - James T. Cushing

Theory Construction and Selection in Modern Physics

The S Matrix

Hardcover Published: 28th September 1990
ISBN: 9780521381819
Number Of Pages: 428

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One of the major philosophical problems in physical sciences is what criteria should determine how scientific theories are selected and justified in practice and whether, in describing observable physical phenomena, such theories are effectively constrained to be unique. This book studies the example of a particular theory, the S-matrix theory. The S-matrix program was initiated by Heisenberg to deal with difficulties encountered in quantum field theories in describing particular phenomena. Since then, each theory has at different times been favoured as the explanation of observed phenomena. Certainly the S-matrix theory was adequate, feasible and fertile. However, the quantum field theory interpretation is now widely accepted and the study of alternative theories is all but abandoned. By examining the philosophy which influenced the turns in this story, the author explains how an adequate and viable theory fell out of favour and concludes with a critique of different methodologies in the history of science. This book will be of value to both philosophers of science and physicists interested in the philosophical background to their field.

"...provides a compact but wide-ranging survey of the contending philosophies: and it does so in a spirit that is fair minded, clear(clear, that is, by the standards of philosophic exposition), and forebearing." American Journal of Physics "...this book constitutes a serious endeavor in which sophisticated discussions are supported by thoroughly readable analysis of actual scientific practice. It is an impressive and important contribution, both to our historical understanding of scientific practice and to the ongoing philosophical debate about the nature of science, and advances scholarship in the philosophy of science in an important direction...Cushing's book, with its reliable treatments and impressive nontechnical summaries of technicality, is a successful effort that will help a wide audience overcome the difficulties and understand the philosophical issues involved in contemporary physics, thereby inviting them to participate in the ongoing discussions." Tian Yu Cao, Isis "...performs a valuable and necessary service by testing theories of scientific explanation against carefully developed accounts of how complex quantitative theories develop, function, and are appraised." Edward M. MacKinnon, Foundations of Physics

Preface
Introduction and background
Origin of the S-matrix: Heisenberg-s program and a background to dispersion theory
Dispersion relations
Another route to a theory based on analytic reaction amplitudes
The analytic S-matrix
The bootstrap and Regge poles
An autonomous S-matrix program
The duality program
-Data- for a methodological study
Methodological lessons
Appendix
Notes
References
Glossary of technical terms (from physics and from philosophy)
Some key figures and their positions
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521381819
ISBN-10: 0521381819
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 428
Published: 28th September 1990
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 2.69
Weight (kg): 0.79