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Theory and Experiment in Gravitational Physics - Clifford M. Will

Theory and Experiment in Gravitational Physics


Published: 13th May 1985
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This 1985 text offers a comprehensive survey of research and testing conducted in general relativity. As background it introduces the important principles of gravitational theory and develops the mathematical formalism necessary to carry out specific computations in order to compare theoretical predictions with experimental findings. The survey of experimental results includes not only Einstein's classical tests but also solar-system tests, never envisioned by Einstein, that make use of the high-precision space technology of the 1960s and 1970s. It also gives a systematic account of the remarkable 'binar pulsar' PSP 1913 16, the first evidence of gravitational waves. This volume will be a useful point of reference for any reader interested in the empirical underpinnings of one of the great theories of the twentieth century.

' ... a well argued and comprehensive treatment'. The Times Higher Education Supplement

Preface to Revised Editionp. xiii
Preface to First Editionp. xv
Introductionp. 1
The Einstein Equivalence Principle and the Foundations of Gravitation Theoryp. 13
The Dicke Frameworkp. 16
Basic Criteria for the Viability of a Gravitation Theoryp. 18
The Einstein Equivalence Principlep. 22
Experimental Tests of the Einstein Equivalence Principlep. 24
Schiff's Conjecturep. 38
The TH[epsilon mu] Formalismp. 45
Gravitation as a Geometric Phenomenonp. 67
Universal Couplingp. 67
Nongravitational Physics in Curved Spacetimep. 68
Long-Range Gravitational Fields and the Strong Equivalence Principlep. 79
The Parametrized Post-Newtonian Formalismp. 86
The Post-Newtonian Limitp. 87
The Standard Post-Newtonian Gaugep. 96
Lorentz Transformations and the PPN Metricp. 99
Conservation Laws in the PPN Formalismp. 105
Post-Newtonian Limits of Alternative Metric Theories of Gravityp. 116
Method of Calculationp. 116
General Relativityp. 121
Scalar-Tensor Theoriesp. 123
Vector-Tensor Theoriesp. 126
Bimetric Theories with Prior Geometryp. 130
Stratified Theoriesp. 135
Nonviable Theoriesp. 138
Equations of Motion in the PPN Formalismp. 142
Equations of Motion for Photonsp. 143
Equations of Motion for Massive Bodiesp. 144
The Locally Measured Gravitational Constantp. 153
N-Body Lagrangians, Energy Conservation, and the Strong Equivalence Principlep. 158
Equations of Motion for Spinning Bodiesp. 163
The Classical Testsp. 166
The Deflection of Lightp. 167
The Time-Delay of Lightp. 173
The Perihelion Shift of Mercuryp. 176
Tests of the Strong Equivalence Principlep. 184
The Nordtvedt Effect and the Lunar Eotvos Experimentp. 185
Preferred-Frame and Preferred-Location Effects: Geophysical Testsp. 190
Preferred-Frame and Preferred-Location Effects: Orbital Testsp. 200
Constancy of the Newtonian Gravitational Constantp. 202
Experimental Limits on the PPN Parametersp. 204
Other Tests of Post-Newtonian Gravityp. 207
The Gyroscope Experimentp. 208
Laboratory Tests of Post-Newtonian Gravityp. 213
Tests of Post-Newtonian Conservation Lawsp. 215
Gravitational Radiation as a Tool for Testing Relativistic Gravityp. 221
Speed of Gravitational Wavesp. 223
Polarization of Gravitational Wavesp. 227
Multipole Generation of Gravitational Waves and Gravitational Radiation Dampingp. 238
Structure and Motion of Compact Objects in Alternative Theories of Gravityp. 255
Structure of Neutron Starsp. 257
Structure and Existence of Black Holesp. 264
The Motion of Compact Objects: A Modified EIH Formalismp. 266
The Binary Pulsarp. 283
Arrival-Time Analysis for the Binary Pulsarp. 287
The Binary Pulsar According to General Relativityp. 303
The Binary Pulsar in Other Theories of Gravityp. 306
Cosmological Testsp. 310
Cosmological Models in Alternative Theories of Gravityp. 312
Cosmological Tests of Alternative Theoriesp. 316
An Updatep. 320
The Einstein Equivalence Principlep. 320
The PPN Framework and Alternative Metric Theories of Gravityp. 331
Tests of Post-Newtonian Gravityp. 332
Experimental Gravitation: Is there a Future?p. 338
The Rise and Fall of the Fifth Forcep. 341
Stellar-System Tests of Gravitational Theoryp. 343
Conclusionsp. 352
Referencesp. 353
References to Chapter 14p. 371
Indexp. 375
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521317108
ISBN-10: 052131710X
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 354
Published: 13th May 1985
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.0
Weight (kg): 0.52