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Theorizing Religions Past : Archaeology, History, and Cognition - Harvey Whitehouse

Theorizing Religions Past

Archaeology, History, and Cognition

By: Harvey Whitehouse (Editor), Luther H. Martin (Editor)

Paperback Published: 1st January 2004
ISBN: 9780759106215
Number Of Pages: 262

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Historians bound by their singular stories and archaeologists bound by their material evidence don't typically seek out broad comparative theories of religion. But recently Harvey Whitehouse's "modes of religiosity" theory has been attracting many scholars of past religions. Based upon universal features of human cognition, Whitehouse's theory can provide useful comparisons across cultures and historical periods even when limited cultural data is present. In this groundbreaking volume, scholars of cultures from prehistorical hunter-gatherers to 19th century Scandinavian Lutherans evaluate Whitehouse's hypothesis that all religions tend toward either an imagistic or a doctrinal mode depending on how they are remembered and transmitted. Theorizing Religions Past provides valuable insights for all historians of religion and especially for those interested in a new cognitive method for studying the past.

World famous authors examine the usefulness of Whitehouse's modes of religiosity theory against the backdrop of prehistorical, Graeco-Roman, and Christian religions. The result is an exhilarating panorama in the dynamics of history, cognition, and ritual.--Armin W. Geertz, University of Aarhus, Denmark; author of The Invention of Prophecy

Prefacep. ix
The Wedding of Psychology, Ethnography, and History: Methodological Bigamy or Tripartite Free Love?p. 1
Toward a Scientific History of Religionsp. 7
The Archaeological Evidence
From Ohalo to Catalhoyuk: The Development of Religiosity during the Early Prehistory of Western Asia, 20,000-7000 BCEp. 17
Primary Emergence of the Doctrinal Mode of Religiosity in Prehistoric Southwestern Iranp. 45
Greco-Roman Antiquity
Old and New in Roman Religion: A Cognitive Accountp. 69
Four Men, Two Sticks, and a Whip: Image and Doctrine in a Mithraic Ritualp. 87
Syncretism and the Interaction of Modes of Religiosity: A Formative Perspective on Gnostic-Christian Movements in Late Antiquityp. 105
Christian Traditions
Testing the Two Modes Theory: Christian Practice in the Later Middle Agesp. 125
Modes of Religiosity and Changes in Popular Religious Practices at the Time of the Reformationp. 143
Modes of Religiosity and Types of Conversion in Medieval Europe and Modern Africap. 157
Corrupt Doctrine and Doctrinal Revival: On the Nature and Limits of the Modes Theoryp. 173
Critical Discussion
Critical Reflections on the Modes of Religiosity Argumentp. 197
Theorizing Religions Pastp. 215
Indexp. 233
About the Contributorsp. 247
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780759106215
ISBN-10: 0759106215
Series: Cognitive Science of Religion Series
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 262
Published: 1st January 2004
Publisher: ALTA MIRA PR
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.81 x 16.66  x 1.65
Weight (kg): 0.41