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The Young Turk Legacy and Nation Building : From the Ottoman Empire to Ataturk's Turkey - Erik J. Zurcher

The Young Turk Legacy and Nation Building

From the Ottoman Empire to Ataturk's Turkey

Paperback

Published: 30th July 2010
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The decline and eventual collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the founding of the Turkish Republic were among the most momentous events of the early twentieth century. This book shows that, although traditionally considered to be a complete break with the Ottoman past, in fact, much of Kemalist rhetoric in the early years of the Republic was also evident in the Young Turk movement, the coalition of reformers in the late Ottoman Empire.

The acclaimed scholar Erik J. Zurcher here constructs a grand narrative of Turkish history from the late Ottoman Empire to the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923. His conclusions challenge the official view of the Turkish republic stemming from Ataturk's famous Nutuk, the speech in 1927, which laid down that the Turkish nation state, founded on modern principles of secularism, science and technology, represented a complete break with the past. Instead, Zurcher shows that Ataturk's `ideological toolkit' which included positivism, militarism, nationalism and a state-centered worldview, was shared by an earlier generation of reform-minded Young Turks in the final years of the Ottoman Empire. Authoritarian rule, the one-party state, a legal framework based on European legal principles, an advanced bureaucracy and financial administration, military reforms and state control of Islam, can all be found in the rhetoric of the Young Turk movement, as can policies of demographic engineering.

The Young Turk Legacy and Nation Building details the attempts of the Young Turks to save their empire through forced modernization as well as the attempts of their Kemalist successors to build a strong nation state based on similar principles. The decade of almost continuous warfare between 1911 and 1922 provides the backdrop on which these events were played out and is therefore the primary focus of attention here. Including important new insights on this eventful period in Turkish history and a strong revisionist narrative, this book will be essential reading for anyone interested in modern Turkey and the legacy of the Ottoman Empire.

Preface: Thirty Years of Turkish Historyp. vii
Sources and Literaturep. 1
Introductionp. 3
The Politician as Historian, Historians in Politics: On the Nutuk (Speech) of Mustafa Kemal Pashap. 6
Young Turk Memoirs as a Historical Source: Kâzim Karabekir's Istiklâl Harbimizp. 17
The Historiography of the Constitutional Revolution: Broad Consensus, Some Disagreement and a Missed Opportunityp. 26
The Rise and Fall of 'Modern' Turkey: Bernard Lewis's Emergence Fifty Years Onp. 41
Imperial Twilightp. 55
Introductionp. 57
The Ottoman Empire 1850-1922: Unavoidable Failure?p. 59
The Ides of April: A Fundamentalist Uprising in Istanbul in 1909?p. 73
Sultan Mehmet V's Visit to Kosovo in June 1911p. 84
Who Were the Young Turks?p. 95
The Young Turk Mindsetp. 110
Atatürk as a Unionistp. 124
The Ottoman Legacy of the Kemalist Republicp. 136
The Great Warp. 151
Introductionp. 153
The Ottoman Conscription System in Theory and Practice, 1844-1918p. 154
The Ottoman Soldier in World War Ip. 167
The Ottoman Empire and the Armistice of Moudhrosp. 188
Renewal and Silence: Post-war Unionist and Kemalist Rhetoric on the Armenian Genocidep. 195
Towards the Nation Statep. 209
Introductionp. 211
Young Turks, Ottoman Muslims and Turkish Nationalists: Identity Politics 1908-38p. 213
Were the Progressives Conservative?p. 236
Institution Building in the Kemalist Republic Compared with Pahlevi Iran: The People's Partyp. 246
Touring Anatolia at the End of the Atatürk Era: Kemalist Turkey Observed by Western Visitorsp. 259
Islam in the Service of the Caliphate and the Secular Statep. 271
Turning Points and Missed Opportunities in the Modern History of Turkey: Where Could Things Have Gone Differently?p. 285
Notesp. 297
Bibliography of Erik J. Zürcherp. 343
Indexp. 351
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781848852723
ISBN-10: 184885272X
Series: Library of Modern Middle East Studies
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 368
Published: 30th July 2010
Publisher: I.B.Tauris & Co Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.7  x 2.8
Weight (kg): 0.5
Edition Number: 1