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The World's Water 2004-2005 : The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources - Peter H. Gleick

The World's Water 2004-2005

The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources

Paperback

Published: 12th November 2004
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The quality and availability of fresh water are of critical importance to human and ecosystem health. Given its central role in the functioning of all living systems, water is arguably the most important of all natural resources.

Produced biennially, The World's Water provides a timely examination of the key issues surrounding freshwater resources and their use. Each new volume identifies and explains the most significant current trends worldwide, and offers the best data available on a variety of water-related topics.

This 2004-2005 edition of The World's Water features overview chapters on: conservation and efficiency as key tools for meeting freshwater needs; bottled water quality, costs, and trends; United Nations millennium development goals; groundwater issues; case studies of water privatization; the economic value of water; California water policy and climate change.

The World's Water is the most comprehensive and up-to-date source of information and analysis on freshwater resources and the political, economic, scientific, and technological issues associated with them. It is an essential reference for water resource professionals in government agencies and nongovernmental organizations, researchers, students, and anyone concerned with water and its use.

Forewordp. xiii
Introductionp. xv
The Millennium Development Goals for Water: Crucial Objectives, Inadequate Commitmentsp. 1
Setting Water and Sanitation Goalsp. 2
Commitments to Achieving the MDGs for Waterp. 2
Consquences: Water-Related Diseasesp. 7
Measures of Illness from Water-Related Diseasesp. 9
Scenarios of Future Deaths from Water-Related Diseasesp. 10
Conclusionsp. 14
Referencesp. 14
The Myth and Reality of Bottled Waterp. 17
Bottled Water Use History and Trendsp. 18
The Price and Cost of Bottled Waterp. 22
The Flavor and Taste of Waterp. 23
Bottled Water Qualityp. 25
Regulating Bottled Waterp. 26
Comparison of U.S. Standards for Bottled Water and Tap Waterp. 36
Other Concerns Associated with Bottled Waterp. 37
Conclusionsp. 41
Referencesp. 42
Water Privatization Principles and Practicesp. 45
Update on Privatizationp. 46
Principles and Standards for Waterp. 47
Can the Principles Be Met?p. 48
Conclusionsp. 73
Referencesp. 74
Groundwater: The Challenge of Monitoring and Managementp. 79
Conceptual Foundationsp. 80
Challenges in Assessmentp. 80
Extraction and Usep. 81
Groundwater in Agriculturep. 88
The Analytical Dilemmap. 90
A Way Forward: Simple Data as a Catalyst for Effective Managementp. 97
Referencesp. 98
Urban Water Conservation: A Case Study of Residential Water Use in Californiap. 101
The Debate over California's Waterp. 102
Defining Water "Conservation" and "Efficiency"p. 103
Current Urban Water Use in Californiap. 105
A Word About Agricultural Water Usep. 107
Economics of Water Savingsp. 107
Data and Information Gapsp. 108
Indoor Residential Water Usep. 109
Indoor Residential Water Conservation: Methods and Assumptionsp. 112
Indoor Residential Summaryp. 118
Outdoor Residential Water Usep. 118
Current Outdoor Residential Water Usep. 119
Existing Outdoor Conservation Efforts and Approachesp. 120
Outdoor Residential Water Conservation: Methods and Assumptionsp. 121
Residential Outdoor Water Use Summaryp. 125
Conclusionsp. 126
Abbreviations and Acronymsp. 126
Referencesp. 127
Urban Water Conservation: A Case Study of Commercial and Industrial Water Use in Californiap. 131
Background to CII Water Usep. 132
Current California Water Use in the CII Sectorsp. 133
Estimated CII Water Use in California in 2000p. 138
Data Challengesp. 139
The Potential for CII Water Conservation and Efficiency Improvements: Methods and Assumptionsp. 140
Methods for Estimating CII Water Use and Conservation Potentialp. 143
Calculation of Conservation Potentialp. 145
Data Constraints and Conclusionsp. 148
Recommendations for CII Water Conservationp. 150
Conclusionsp. 153
Referencesp. 154
Climate Change and California Water Resourcesp. 157
The State of the Sciencep. 158
Climate Change and Impacts on Managed Water-Resource Systemsp. 172
Moving From Climate Science to Water Policyp. 175
Conclusionsp. 183
Referencesp. 184
Water Briefs
3rd World Water Forum in Kyoto: Disappointment and Possibilityp. 189
Ministerial Declaration of the 3rd World Water Forum: Message from the Lake Biwa and Yodo River Basinp. 198
NGO Statement of the 3rd World Water Forump. 202
The Human Right to Water: Two Steps Forward, One Step Backp. 204
Substantive Issues Arising in the Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. United Nations General Comment No. 15 (2002)p. 213
The Water and Climate Bibliographyp. 228
Environment and Security: Water Conflict Chronology Version 2004-2005p. 234
Water Conflict Chronologyp. 236
Data Section
Total Renewable Freshwater Supply by Country (2004 Update)p. 257
Freshwater Withdrawals by Country and Sector (2004 Update)p. 263
Deaths and DALYs from Selected Water-Related Diseasesp. 272
Official Development Assistance Indicatorsp. 274
Aid to Water Supply and Sanitation by Donor, 1996 to 2001p. 278
Bottled Water Consumption by Country, 1997 to 2002p. 280
Global Bottled Water Consumption by Region, 1997 to 2002p. 283
Bottled Water Consumption, Share by Region, 1997 to 2002p. 285
Per-capita Bottled Water Consumption by Region, 1997 to 2002p. 286
United States Bottled Water Sales, 1991 to 2001p. 288
Types of Packaging Used for Bottled Water in Various Countries, 1999p. 289
Irrigated Area by Region, 1961 to 2001p. 291
Irrigated Area, Developed and Developing Countries, 1961 to 2001p. 293
Global Production and Yields of Major Cereal Crops, 1961 to 2002p. 295
Global Reported Flood Deaths, 1900 to 2002p. 298
United States Flood Damage by Fiscal Year, 1926 to 2001p. 301
Total Outbreaks of Drinking Water-Related Disease, United States, 1973 to 2000p. 304
Extinction Rate Estimates for Continental North American Fauna (percent loss per decade)p. 309
Imperiled Species for North American Faunap. 309
Proportion of Species at Risk, United Statesp. 311
United States Population and Water Withdrawals 1900 to 2000p. 313
United States Economic Productivity of Water, 1900 to 2000p. 317
Water Units, Data Conversions, and Constantsp. 321
Comprehensive Table of Contentsp. 331
The World's Water: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources, 1998-1999p. 331
The World's Water: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources, 2000-2001p. 334
The World's Water: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources, 2002-2003p. 337
Comprehensive Indexp. 341
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781559635363
ISBN-10: 1559635363
Series: World's Water (Quality)
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 362
Published: 12th November 2004
Publisher: Island Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 28.0 x 21.6  x 2.13
Weight (kg): 0.89