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The Visual Neurosciences : A Bradford Book - Leo M. Chalupa

The Visual Neurosciences

A Bradford Book

By: Leo M. Chalupa (Editor), John S. Werner (Editor)

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Visual science is the model system for neuroscience, its findings relevant to all other areas. This massive collection of papers by leading researchers in the field will become an essential reference for researchers and students in visual neuroscience, and will be of importance to researchers and professionals in other disciplines, including molecular and cellular biology, cognitive science, ophthalmology, psychology, computer science, optometry, and education. Over 100 chapters cover the entire field of visual neuroscience, from its historical foundations to the latest research and findings in molecular mechanisms and network modeling. The book is organized by topic--different sections cover such subjects as the history of vision science; developmental processes; retinal mechanisms and processes; organization of visual pathways; subcortical processing; processing in the primary visual cortex; detection and sampling; brightness and color; form, shape, and object recognition; motion, depth, and spatial relationships; eye movements; attention and cognition; and theoretical and computational perspectives. The list of contributors includes leading international researchers in visual science.

"The DNA microarrays are generally accepted as great new tools in biology and medicine, but they are still not sufficiently utilized in studying gene expression in complex tissues such as the mammalian central nervous system. This book is a long-awaited and much-anticipated source of basic information for neuroscientists who plan to use or already have begun to use the microarray technology. The value of this book is that it contains chapters prepared by experts that cover different aspects of this technology from a very basic introduction to microarray technology to the examples of its successful application in the developmental, integrative and clinical neurosciences. However, even to those who do not plan to use this approach, it could be of great help to understanding the language and appreciating the advances that will undoubtedly arrive."--Pasko Rakic, M.D., Ph.D., Dorys McConnell Duberg Professor of Neuroscience and Chairman of Neurobiology, Yale University School of MedicinePlease note: Endorser gives permission to excerpt from quote. "Stop looking for THE book in visual neuroscience. This is it. Chalupa and Werner have organized the single greatest intellectual event in the visual sciences, and this book will be the reference source for the next decade. One can journey with breathtaking swiftness and depth through every nook and cranny of the visual system. Chalupa, Werner, and the authors are to be congratulated for providing us with this monumental work." Michael S. Gazzaniga, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Dartmouth College "*The Visual Neurosciences* is a veritable who's who of contemporary visual neuroscience. The contributions of over 100 leading researchers cover the field from retina to cortex and beyond, and provide an authoritative and comprehensive coverage of the field."--Dennis Levi, Dean, School of Optometry and Professor of Optometry and Neuroscience, University of California, BerkeleyPlease note: Affiliation changed slightly. "This book is a remarkable achievement - a milestone in vision research. The editors have assembled an outstanding collection of contributors to explore the many facets of visual neuroscience."--Colin Blakemore, Waynflete Professor of Physiology, University of Oxford "*The Visual Neurosciences* is a magnificent achievement and should be in the library of every vision scientist and brain researcher with an interest in this important field."--Pasko Rakic, M.D., Ph.D., Dorys McConnell Duberg Professor of Neuroscience and Chairman of Neurobiology, Yale University School of Medicine " The Visual Neurosciences is a magnificent achievement and should be in the library of every vision scientist and brain researcher with an interest in this important field." Pasko Rakic, M.D., Ph.D., Dorys McConnell Duberg Professor of Neuroscience and Chairman of Neurobiology, Yale University School of Medicine " The Visual Neurosciences is a veritable who"s who of contemporary visual neuroscience. The contributions of over 100 leading researchers cover the field from retina to cortex and beyond, and provide an authoritative and comprehensive coverage of the field." Dennis Levi, Dean, School of Optometry and Professor of Optometry and Neuroscience, University of California, Berkeley "This book is a remarkable achievement--a milestone in vision research. The editors have assembled an outstanding collection of contributors to explore the many facets of visual neuroscience." Colin Blakemore, Waynflete Professor of Physiology, University of Oxford

Prefacep. xiii
Historical Foundationsp. 1
Vision Structure and Function: The Early Historyp. 3
The Role of Single-Unit Analysis in the Past and Future of Neurobiologyp. 14
Developmental Processesp. 31
Molecular Regulation of Vertebrate Retinal Developmentp. 33
Neurotrophins, Electrical Activity, and the Development of Visual Functionp. 46
Developmental and Genetic Control of Cell Number in the Retinap. 63
Development of the Vertebrate Retinap. 77
The Development of Retinal Decussationsp. 94
The Development of Eye-Specific Segregation in the Retino-Geniculo-Striate Pathwayp. 108
The Role of Neural Activity in the Development of Orientation Selectivityp. 117
Mechanisms of Plasticity in the Visual Cortexp. 126
Ontogenesis of Cortical Connectivityp. 146
Neural Limitations on Visual Development in Primatesp. 159
Development of Spatial Selectivity and Response Timing in Humansp. 174
The Effects of Selected Forms of Early Visual Deprivation on Perceptionp. 189
Toward a Future for Aging Eyesp. 205
Retinal Mechanisms and Processesp. 213
Visual Transduction by Rod and Cone Photoreceptorsp. 215
How Retinal Circuits Optimize the Transfer of Visual Informationp. 234
ON and OFF Pathways in the Vertebrate Retina and Visual Systemp. 260
Retinal Synapsesp. 279
Retinal Neurotransmittersp. 304
Excitation in the Retina: The Flow, Filtering, and Molecules of Visual Signaling in the Glutamatergic Pathways from Photoreceptors to Ganglion Cellsp. 320
Peptide and Peptide Receptor Expression and Function in the Vertebrate Retinap. 334
Inhibition in the Retinap. 355
Anatomy, Circuitry, and Physiology of Vertebrate Horizontal Cellsp. 369
Retinal Amacrine Cellsp. 395
Ganglion Cells in Mammalian Retinaep. 410
Retinal Ganglion Cell Excitabilityp. 422
Direction Selectivity in Retinal Ganglion Cellsp. 451
Spatial Regularity among Retinal Neuronsp. 463
Organization of Visual Pathwaysp. 479
The M, P, and K Pathways of the Primate Visual Systemp. 481
Parallel Visual Pathways: A Comparative Perspectivep. 494
Organization of Visual Areas in Macaque and Human Cerebral Cortexp. 507
Communications between Cortical Areas of the Visual Systemp. 522
Ventral and Dorsal Cortical Processing Streamsp. 541
Subcortical Processingp. 563
The Visual Relays in the Thalamusp. 565
The Visual Functions of the Pulvinarp. 592
Feedback Systems in Visual Processingp. 609
Light Responsiveness and Photic Entrainment of the Mammalian Circadian Clockp. 625
Learning from the Pupil: Studies of Basic Mechanisms and Clinical Applicationsp. 641
Blindsightp. 657
Processing in Primary Visual Cortexp. 671
Functional Connectivity in the Pathway from Retina to Striate Cortexp. 673
Cell Types and Local Circuits in Primary Visual Cortex of the Macaque Monkeyp. 680
Assembly of Receptive Fields in Primary Visual Cortexp. 695
A Modern View of the Classical Receptive Field: Linear and Nonlinear Spatiotemporal Processing by V1 Neuronsp. 704
Beyond the Classical Receptive Field: Contextual Modulation of V1 Responsesp. 720
Contributions of Vertical and Horizontal Circuits to the Response Properties of Neurons in Primary Visual Cortexp. 733
Nonlinear Properties of Visual Cortex Neurons: Temporal Dynamics, Stimulus Selectivity, Neural Performancep. 747
Binocular Interaction in the Visual Cortexp. 765
From Binocular Disparity to the Perception of Stereoscopic Depthp. 779
Detection and Samplingp. 793
Formation and Acquisition of the Retinal Imagep. 795
Thresholds and Noisep. 811
Ideal Observer Analysisp. 825
Scotopic Visionp. 838
Visual Adaptationp. 851
Rod-Cone Interactions in Human Visionp. 863
Brightness and Colorp. 879
Brightness and Lightnessp. 881
Color Appearancep. 892
Chromatic Discriminationp. 908
The Role of Color in Spatial Visionp. 924
Pattern-Selective Adaptation in Color and Form Perceptionp. 936
Color Constancyp. 948
Comparative Color Visionp. 962
Molecular Genetics of Human Color Vision and Color Vision Defectsp. 974
Linking Retinal Circuits to Color Opponencyp. 989
Neural Coding of Colorp. 1003
The Processing of Color in Extrastriate Cortexp. 1017
Improbable Areas in Color Visionp. 1029
Form, Shape, and Object Recognitionp. 1041
Spatial Scale in Visual Processingp. 1043
Spatial Channels in Vision and Spatial Poolingp. 1060
Contour Integration and the Lateral Connections of V1 Neuronsp. 1069
Shape Dimensions and Object Primitivesp. 1080
Shape and Shadingp. 1090
Visual Perception of Texturep. 1106
Visual Segmentation and Illusory Contoursp. 1119
Global Yet Early Processing of Visual Surfacesp. 1129
Image Parsing Mechanisms of the Visual Cortexp. 1139
Inferotemporal Response Propertiesp. 1151
Invariant Object and Face Recognitionp. 1165
The Ventral Visual Object Pathway in Humans: Evidence from fMRIp. 1179
Motion, Depth, and Spatial Relationsp. 1191
Motion Cues in Insect Vision and Navigationp. 1193
The Middle Temporal Area: Motion Processing and the Link to Perceptionp. 1203
Merging Processing Streams: Color Cues for Motion Detection and Interpretationp. 1217
Functional Mapping of Motion Regionsp. 1229
Optic Flowp. 1247
The Cortical Analysis of Optic Flowp. 1260
The Perceptual Organization of Depthp. 1284
Stereopsisp. 1300
Binocular Rivalryp. 1313
Sensorimotor Transformation in the Posterior Parietal Cortexp. 1324
Eye Movementsp. 1337
Gaze Control under Natural Conditionsp. 1339
Eye Movements in Daily Lifep. 1357
Selection of Targets for Saccadic Eye Movementsp. 1369
Visual Perception during Saccadesp. 1391
Smooth Pursuit Eye Movements: Recent Advancesp. 1402
Neural Control of Vergence Eye Movementsp. 1415
The Primate Frontal Eye Fieldp. 1428
Changing Views of the Role of Superior Colliculus in the Control of Gazep. 1449
The Dialogue between Cerebral Cortex and Superior Colliculus: Implications for Saccadic Target Selection and Corollary Dischargep. 1466
Cerebellar Control of Eye Movementsp. 1485
Attention and Cognitionp. 1499
Visual Perception and Cognition in Honeybeesp. 1501
A Neural Basis for Human Visual Attentionp. 1514
Neural and Behavioral Measures of Change Detectionp. 1524
The Role of Attention in Visual Cerebral Cortexp. 1538
Volition and the Prefrontal Cortexp. 1546
Theoretical and Computational Perspectivesp. 1561
The Evolution of the Visual System in Primatesp. 1563
Gestalt Factors in the Visual Neurosciencesp. 1573
Neural Mechanisms of Natural Scene Perceptionp. 1590
Principles of Image Representation in Visual Cortexp. 1603
Local Analysis of Visual Motionp. 1616
Visual Boundaries and Surfacesp. 1624
How the Visual Cortex Recognizes Objects: The Tale of the Standard Modelp. 1640
Plasticity of Orientation Processing in Adult Visual Cortexp. 1654
Synchrony, Oscillations, and Relational Codesp. 1665
The Neuronal Basis of Visual Consciousnessp. 1682
List of Contributorsp. 1
Indexp. 1
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262033084
ISBN-10: 0262033089
Series: A Bradford Book
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 1808
Published: 21st November 2003
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 27.9 x 21.6  x 9.5
Weight (kg): 4.65