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The Vertebrate Gas Transport Cascade : Adaptations to Environment and Mode of Life - J. Eduardo P.W. Bicudo

The Vertebrate Gas Transport Cascade

Adaptations to Environment and Mode of Life

Hardcover Published: 21st December 1992
ISBN: 9780849349768
Number Of Pages: 400

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This volume presents contributions given at the international symposium on The Vertebrate Gas Transport Cascade: Adaptations to Environment and Mode of Life, held in SAo SebastiAo, SAo Paulo, Brazil from September 10-15, 1991. Recent developments in the field and the unifying principles of basic respiratory mechanisms are covered, and reviews in major areas of respiratory physiology are complemented by recent experimental data. Principal topics discussed include conditions for gas exchange in selected special environments, ventilation of the gas exchanger, diffusing capacity and exchange between respired medium and blood, respiratory pigments and oxygen transport by blood, cardiovascular function and oxygen transport by blood, oxygen delivery to tissue, and transition to anaerobic metabolism.
The Vertebrate Gas Transport Cascade: Adaptations to Environment and Mode of Life will be a useful addition to the reference collections of respiratory physiologists, comparative physiologists, cardiovascular physiologists, experimental biologists, students, and others interested in the topic.

Dedication
Acknowledgements
Introduction
Participants
Mode of Transmembrane and Transepithelial Ammonia Transferp. 1
Adaptation of Vertebrates to the Intertidal Environmentp. 12
Respiratory Metamorphosis During Water-To-Land Transitions in Developing Vertebrates and Invertebratesp. 23
Effects of Salinity in Relation to Migration and Development in Fishp. 35
Adaptations of Fishes to Extreme Conditions in Fresh Watersp. 43
The Regulation of Breathing in Aquatic Vertebratesp. 54
Ventilatory and Respiratory Responses in Fish: Adaptations to the Environmentp. 60
Characterization of Ventilatory Patterns in Amphibiansp. 72
Effect of the Environment on Ventilation in Reptilesp. 87
Afferent Inputs Regulating Ventilation in Vertebratesp. 94
Medium-Blood Gas Exchange: Diffusion, Distribution and Shuntp. 106
Comparing the Effects of Diffusion and Heterogeneity on Vertebrate Gas Exchangep. 121
Uneven Distribution of Diffusing Capacity: Limiting Role for Gas Exchangep. 132
Evolution of the Lung and Its Diffusing Capacityp. 142
Pulmonary Diffusing Capacity of Ectothermic Vertebratesp. 154
Scaling of Respiratory Variablesp. 162
Factors Limiting Aerobic Performancep. 169
Gas Transport in Lamprey Erythrocytesp. 179
Functional Properties of Fish Hemoglobins in Erythrocytes and in Solutionp. 188
Behavioral Hypothermia of Toads: An Adaptive Stress Responsep. 194
Oxygen Transport in Exercising Horses: Importance of Rheological Properties of Bloodp. 200
Cardiac Output in Fish: Regulation and Limitationsp. 208
Plasticity of the Heart and Hemodynamic Loads: Basic and Comparative Aspectsp. 215
The Coronary Circulation in Teleosts and Elasmobranchs: Open Problemsp. 224
Effects of Environmental Oxygen Changes on Cardiorespiratory Function in Fishp. 233
Regulation of Respiratory Organ Blood Flow in Amphibiansp. 242
Regulation of Intracardiac Shunting in Reptiles: Anatomic vs. Effective Shuntingp. 252
Energy Demand - Energy Supply Coupling: Efficiency and Adaptabilityp. 265
Oxidative Metabolism in Hummingbird Flight Musclesp. 279
Oxygen Delivery to Tissues: Consequences of Sizep. 286
Oxygen Delivery to the Tissues in Animal Athletes: Keeping Up With Demandp. 293
Unifying Principles in Aerobic Muscle Energeticsp. 304
Anaerobic Metabolism in Reptilesp. 314
Metabolic Transitions to Anoxia in the Turtle Brain: Role of Neurotransmittersp. 323
Critical PO[subscript 2](s) in Oxyconforming and Oxyregulating Animals: Gas Exchange, Metabolic Rate and the Mode of Energy Productionp. 330
Homeostatic and Microxic Regulation of Respiration in Transitions to Anaerobic Metabolismp. 358
Subject Indexp. 371
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780849349768
ISBN-10: 0849349761
Series: Medical Intelligence Unit (Unnumbered)
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 400
Published: 21st December 1992
Publisher: CRC PR INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.91
Edition Number: 1

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