Because of their vital role in the emergence of humanity, tools and their uses have been the focus of considerable worldwide study. This volume brings together international research on the use of tools among primates and both prehistoric and modern humans. The book represents leading work being done by specialists in anatomy, neurobiology, prehistory, ethnology, and primatology. Whether composed of stone, wood, or metal, tools are a prolongation of the arm that acquire precision through direction by the brain. The same movement, for example, may have been practiced by apes and humans, but the resulting action varies according to the extended use of the tool. It is therefore necessary, as the contributors here make clear, to understand the origin of tools, and also to describe the techniques involved in their manipulation, and the possible uses of unknown implements. Comparison of the techniques of chimpanzees with those of prehistoric and modern peoples has made it possible to appreciate the common aspects and to identify the differences. The transmission of ability has also been studied in the various relevant societies: chimpanzees in their natural habitat and in captivity, hunter-gatherers, and workmen in prehistoric and in modern times. In drawing together much valuable research, this work will be an important and timely resource for social and behavioral psychologists, anthropologists, paleontologists, and animal behaviorists.
'this compendium includes some informative chapters on assorted topics relating to tool use in nonhuman and human primates'
Sandra T. deBlois, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, American Journal of Primatology 33
List of participants
1: F.K. Jouffroy: Primate hands and the human hand: the tool of tools
2: J. Paillard: The hand and the tool: the functional architecture of human technical skills
3: R. Lemon: Control of the monkey's hand by the motor cortex
4: P. Rabischong: Human prehension and its prosthetic substitution
5: B. Bresard: Some one- and two-handed functions and processes in tool-use by pongids
6: K.A. Bard: Cognitive competence underlying tool-use in free-ranging orang-utans
7: E. Visalberghi: Tool use in a South American monkey species. An overview of the characteristics and limits of tool use in Cebus apella
8: W.C. McGrew: Brains, hands, and minds: puzzling incongruences in ape tool-use
9: C.H. Boesch and H. Boesch: Tool-use and tool-making in wild chimpanzees
10: Y. Sugiyma: Local variation of tools and tool-use among wild chimpanzee populations
11: J.W.K. Harris and S.D. Capaldo: The earliest stone tools: their implications for an understanding of the activities and behaviour of late Pliocene hominids
12: S. Beyries: Are we able to determine the function of the earliest palaeolithic tools?
13: J. Kitahara-Frisch: The origin of secondary tools
14: M. Piperno: The origin of tool-use and the evolution of social space in palaeolithic times: some reflections
15: C. Perlès: Ecological determinism, group strategies, and individual decisions in the conception of prehistoric stone assemblages
16: T. Ingold: Tools and hunter-gatherers
17: J. Pelegrin: A framework for analysing prehistoric stone tool manufacture and a tentative application to some early stone industries
18: C.I. Karlin, S. Ploux, P. Bodu, and N. Pigeot: Some socio-economic aspects of the knapping process among groups of hunter-gatherers in the Paris Basin area
19: J. Perriault: The transfer of knowledge within the craft industries and trade guilds
20: P. Petrequin and A.M. Petrequin: From polished stone tool to sacred axe: the axes of the Danis of Irian Jaya, Indonesia
21: F. Sigaut: How can we analyse and describe technical acts?
Series: Symposia of the Fyssen Foundation
Number Of Pages: 442
Published: 25th March 1993
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.7 x 16.2
Weight (kg): 0.87