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The Use of Force in Peace Operations : SIPRI Monographs - Trevor Findlay

The Use of Force in Peace Operations

SIPRI Monographs

Hardcover Published: 1st January 2003
ISBN: 9780198292821
Number Of Pages: 500

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One of the most vexing issues that has faced the international community since the end of the Cold War has been the use of force by the United Nations peacekeeping forces. UN intervention in civil wars, as in Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Rwanda, has thrown into stark relief the difficulty of peacekeepers operating in situations where consent to their presence and activities is fragile or incomplete and where there is little peace to keep. Complex questions arise in these circumstances. When and how should peacekeepers use force to protect themselves, to protect their mission, or, most troublingly, to ensure compliance by recalcitrant parties with peace accords? Is a peace enforcement role for peacekeepers possible or is this simply war by another name? Is there a grey zone between peacekeeping and peace enforcement? Trevor Findlay reveals the history of the use of force by UN peacekeepers from Sinai in the 1950s to Haiti in the 1990s. He untangles the arguments about the use of force in peace operations and sets these within the broader context of military doctrine and practice. Drawing on these insights the author examines proposals for future conduct of UN operations, including the formulation of UN peacekeeping doctrine and the establishment of a UN rapid reaction force.

An interesting collection of ten chapters and numerous appendices for the officers of the armed forces who are called upon to perform peace-keeping operations. U.S.I. Journal ... thorough evaluation of how force has been used by operations under UN command. Security Dialogue This book should be required reading for all special representatives of the secretary-general and force commanders and should interest anyone wishing to understand the complexities and dilemmas of peacekeeping. Margaret Anstee, Times Higher Education Supplement Trevor Findlay's book is a work of solid academic research enlivened by descriptions of incidents that severely tested the UN criteria for using force over the years. Margaret Anstee, Times Higher Education Supplement

Preface
Acknowledgements
Acronyms and abbreviations
Introductionp. 1
Peace operations: a typologyp. 3
Mandating the use of force by UN peace operationsp. 7
Command and control of the use of forcep. 9
Regulating the use of forcep. 13
The origins of the self-defence normp. 14
Myths, puzzles and paradoxes about the UN's use of forcep. 16
The emergence of the self-defence norm: UNEF Ip. 20
Genesis and mandatep. 20
Use-of-force rulesp. 23
Application and evolution of the use-of-force rulesp. 26
UNEF's experience of the use of forcep. 44
Codification of the UNEF I experiencep. 46
Conclusionsp. 49
Breaking the rules: peace enforcement in the Congop. 51
Genesis, mandate and deploymentp. 51
Policy and directives on the use of forcep. 55
The use of force in practice and the evolution of policyp. 62
The use of force in Katanga: a lapse into peace enforcementp. 71
Conclusions: lessons of the Congop. 81
The Congo to Lebanon: from self-defence to 'defence of the mission'p. 87
The impact of the Congo on the UN's use-of-force norms and rulesp. 87
The UN Force in Cyprus (1964 to the present)p. 89
The UN Emergency Force II (1973-79)p. 99
The UN Interim Force in Lebanon (1978 to the present)p. 103
UN doctrine on the use of force by the 1980sp. 121
After the cold war: use-of-force dilemmas resurfacep. 124
The immediate post-cold war missions and the use of forcep. 124
Use-of-force norms under strainp. 148
The peace enforcement debatep. 154
The UN reconsiders the use-of-force issuep. 160
Somalia: crossing the Mogadishu Linep. 166
The United Task Force (1993-94)p. 166
The second UN Operation in Somalia (1993-95)p. 184
Somalia and the use-of-force issuep. 204
Bosnia: from white-painted tanks to air strikesp. 219
The use of force by UNPROFORp. 219
The use of force by NATO on behalf of UNPROFORp. 231
The use of force by UNPROFOR and NATO for peace enforcementp. 252
The lessons of the use of force in Bosniap. 262
Conclusionsp. 271
From Haiti to Rwanda to Sierra Leone: new missions, old dilemmasp. 273
The UN Mission in Haiti (1993-96)p. 273
The UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda (1993-94)p. 276
New missions in the Balkansp. 284
The East Timor operationsp. 287
The UN Mission in Sierra Leone (1999 to the present)p. 296
Retreat, resurgence and reform: rethinking the use of force by the United Nationsp. 315
Back to basics?p. 315
The UN struggles to learn lessonsp. 320
The Annan erap. 326
The Brahimi Reportp. 332
Beyond Brahimip. 337
Conclusionsp. 351
The use of force and the UN: a reckoningp. 351
Improving the ability of UN peace operations to use (and avoid using) forcep. 360
Peace enforcement and the UNp. 374
Towards a UN peace operations doctrine?p. 384
Conclusionsp. 389
National peace operations doctrinesp. 391
Rules of engagementp. 411
The UN master list of numbered rules of engagementp. 425
The Charter of the United Nationsp. 428
Bibliographyp. 431
Indexp. 469
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780198292821
ISBN-10: 0198292821
Series: SIPRI Monographs
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 500
Published: 1st January 2003
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.2 x 16.2  x 3.2
Weight (kg): 0.84