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The Upperworld and the Underworld : Case Studies of Racketeering and Business Infiltrations in the United States - Robert J. Kelly

The Upperworld and the Underworld

Case Studies of Racketeering and Business Infiltrations in the United States

Hardcover Published: 28th February 1999
ISBN: 9780306459696
Number Of Pages: 251

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From Damon Runyan's colorful tough guys in black shirts and white ties to recent media coverage of John Gotti, the `dapper don', public depictions of racketeers in the United States have drawn attention away from the true nature of organized crime and its extensive penetrations into mainstream business. The Upperworld and the Underworld: Case Studies of Racketeering and Business Infiltrations in the United States strips away the romantic patina and reveals the significant impact of racketeering on vital segments of American industry.
In this informative study Robert Kelly explores two fundamental questions: `Why is organized crime a serious problem in some businesses and industries, and not in others?' and `What are the consequences of racketeering activities for labor organizations and businesses tainted by a criminal presence?' He examines the blurred demarcation between the legitimate and illegitimate sectors of society and explains the reasons for this occurrence. In the process, Kelly provides a distinct vantage point for understanding organized crime, not just as an `outlaw fringe' preying on society, but as a disturbingly integral element of our social and economic structure. Moreover, he confirms a widely held thesis that organized crime is not merely parasitic but an institutional component of American society.
The Upperworld and the Underworld affords a fascinating view of the current state of organized crime in the United States and the rise of nontraditional criminal organizations in new immigrant communities. The volume is an essential resource for students and scholars concerned with issues of crime and its effects on the economy.

Industry Reviews

`The delicate balance of legitimacy in the staging and confronting of organized crime in modern society is deftly portrayed... the reader enjoys a concise and valuable perspective.' Jess Maghan, Director, Office of International Criminal Justice, University of Illinois at Chicago `Other scholars have touched on the economic aspects of organized crime, yet none so comprehensively as does The Upperworld and the Underworld. This book is an excellent, nay, essential resource for those who study organized crime and/or want to learn about its effects on the global economy.' Patrick J. Ryan, Associate Professor, Emeritus, Long Island University; Past President, International Association for the Study of Organized Crime (IASOC)

Prologuep. 1
Notesp. 8
Introduction: Organized Crime Penetrations of Legitimate Businessesp. 9
Backgroundp. 9
Models and Images of Organized Crimep. 11
The Assets and Resources of Organized Crime Groupsp. 16
Racketeering in Legitimate Businessesp. 21
Strategies of Infiltration into the Legitimate Sectorsp. 23
Dangerous Intersections: Organized Crime and Legitimate Businessp. 25
Organized Crime in Russia and Chicago: Survival of the Fittestp. 31
Mafia and Repressive Stability in the South of Italyp. 34
Power Politics and Organized Crimep. 39
Notesp. 40
The Infiltration of Organized Criminal Groups into U.S. Trade Unionsp. 47
The Early Daysp. 47
Labor Organizesp. 48
Mafiap. 52
The McClellan Committeep. 53
The New Mobp. 56
25 Years after Valachip. 57
The President's Commission on Organized Crimep. 59
Unions, Gangsters, and Employers in Retrospectp. 60
Consent Decrees and Trusteeships: Law Enforcement Responsesp. 62
The Teamstersp. 63
Philadelphia Roofers Union, Local 30/30Bp. 63
Teamster Local 560p. 63
The Scope of Labor Racketeeringp. 64
The Needle Tradesp. 64
The Mine Workers: A Case of Corporate Gangsterismp. 66
Hollywood and Hoodlumsp. 66
Summaryp. 68
Notesp. 69
Master Builders, Master Criminals: Corruption and Racketeering in the Construction Industryp. 73
The Construction Industry in New York Cityp. 76
Classification of Constructionp. 76
High-Rise, High-Cost Constructionp. 77
The "Achilles Heel" in the Construction Industry: A Catalogue of Crimep. 78
A Fit of Absent-Mindedness: Criminal Go-Betweens in Historical Perspectivep. 80
Extortionp. 81
Briberyp. 82
Theftp. 83
Fraudsp. 83
Performance Bond Fraudp. 85
Collusive Bidding and Bid Riggingp. 85
Racketeering and Corruption Implicationsp. 86
Racketeering Susceptibilityp. 87
The Labor Marketp. 88
Collective Bargainingp. 88
Competitive and Fragmented Economic Environmentp. 89
Cost of Delaysp. 90
Racketeering Potentialp. 91
The Indispensable Men: Racketeers at Large and at Workp. 95
Conclusionsp. 100
Notesp. 101
The Last Waterfront: The Fulton Fish Market and the ILA as Family Businessesp. 105
Project "Underworld"p. 107
Postwar Period and Revitalizationp. 109
Waterfront Racketeering: The ILA and Criminal Collusionsp. 111
Summary and Conclusionsp. 117
Notesp. 118
The Pizza Connection: Selling Dough and Dopep. 119
The Heroin Pipelinep. 120
The Legitimate Business as a "Front"p. 122
The Networksp. 123
The Investigationp. 124
The Prosecutionp. 125
The Verdictp. 126
Conclusionsp. 126
The Politics and Economics of Drugsp. 128
Notesp. 132
Dirty Dollars: The Carting and Waste Disposal Industriesp. 135
Environmental Protection and Organized Crime: Problems and Prospectsp. 145
Controlling Waste Disposalp. 147
New York City and the Garbage Cartelp. 148
Conclusionsp. 151
Notesp. 154
Other Crimes, Other Criminals: Racketeering in Chinatown and Brighton Beachp. 157
Chinatownp. 158
The Tongs and Organized Crimep. 158
The "Hatchet Men"p. 163
Triads, or the White Lotus Society Reincarnatedp. 168
The Chinese Underworld Todayp. 170
Tong and Gang Relationships with Policep. 172
Extortion in Chinatownp. 172
Brighton Beach: Little Odessa by the Seap. 173
Gasoline Bootleggingp. 177
The "Daisy Chain" and the "Burn"p. 178
The Mafia and the Mafiyap. 179
Polluted Petroleump. 180
Conclusionsp. 181
Notesp. 184
Criminal Opportunities in Legitimate Businesses: Control Policy Issuesp. 187
Organized Crime as a Spectaclep. 195
Tactics and Strategiesp. 195
The Maneuvers of Money Launderingp. 196
Infiltrating Legitimate Businessesp. 197
The Role of Intelligencep. 200
The Tools of Analytical Intelligencep. 202
Telephone Record Analysis (TRA)p. 202
Association Analysis (AA)p. 202
Net Worth Analysis (NWA)p. 204
Business Record Analysis (BRA)p. 205
Threat Assessment (TA)p. 205
Traditional and Nontraditional Organized Crime Groupsp. 206
Prosecutorial Efforts Against Organized Crime Infiltrationsp. 207
Role of Crime Commissions and Hearings as a Control Mechanismp. 209
The Witness Security Program (WSP)p. 210
Cooperation and Coordination among Law Enforcement Agenciesp. 211
Blacklisting Public Contractors as an Anticorruption and Racketeering Strategyp. 214
The Future of Organized Crimep. 220
Summaryp. 221
Notesp. 222
Conclusionsp. 227
The Troika of Organized Crimep. 227
Business Vulnerabilitiesp. 230
Racketeering Enterprises and Dominationp. 232
Public and Private Partnershipsp. 235
Regulationp. 237
Notesp. 243
Indexp. 245
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306459696
ISBN-10: 0306459698
Series: Criminal Justice and Public Safety
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 251
Published: 28th February 1999
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.23