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The United States and the Nuclear Dimension of European Integration - Gunnar Skogmar

The United States and the Nuclear Dimension of European Integration

Hardcover Published: 1st November 2004
ISBN: 9781403938992
Number Of Pages: 331

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The US was a dominant actor in the European integration game in the 1950s, although not normally a formal participant at the negotiation table. The Americans promoted integration based on Franco-German reconciliation and sought to prevent the emergence of nationally controlled nuclear weapons in Germany and France and developments toward an independent European ´Third Force´. Based on material from American, British, French and German archives the book covers the negotiations about the European Defence Community, the Western European Union and Euratom/the Common Market.

'[A]n essential read for any serious scholars of European integration.' - English Historical Review



'The United States and the Nuclear Dimension of European Integration is an excellent survey and synthesis of the interplay of economic and security motives in the negotiations leading into the Common Market and Euratom...Skogmar has done a great service to both expert and graduate-level readers alike.' - Juhana Aunesluoma - Cooperation and Conflict



'Skogmar's own views and conclusions emerge clearly both from his excellent introduction to the book and from its short and equally clear concluding chapter. But he grinds no axes. He is scrupulous in basing his analysis on fact and not speculation; and the facts are extracted from an exceptionally wide range of sources, published and unpublished.' Michael Pallier, International Affairs



'It is impossible to do justice to the depth and complexity of Skogmar's arguments in a brief review.' John W. Young, Cold War History



'Gunnar Skogmar's commendable and exhaustive monograph is based upon extensive use of French, German, US, and British primary sources. It offers an in-depth knowledge of practically all the relevant French, German, British, and US published literature and gives numerous insights into the dynamic of atomic politics and economics, and the intrinsic part it played in the European integration process.' - Mervyn O'Driscoll, The International History Review



'...a profound study of the nuclear dimension of European integration.' Klaus Larres, The Journal of American History



'[Skogmar] fills a gap in existing research with his meticulous, multi-archival and multinationally-based analysis.' - Poul Villaume, Historisk Tidsskrift

Acknowledgementsp. x
List of Abbreviationsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
The European Policy of the Eisenhower Administrationp. 10
Double Containment and European Integrationp. 10
Nuclear Foreign Policy and Arms Controlp. 14
Nuclear Foreign Policy and Integration Policyp. 17
Atoms for Warp. 19
Atoms for Peacep. 21
Support for Political and Economic Integration in Western Europep. 29
Reconciling Nuclear Policy and Integration Policyp. 34
The Nuclear Dimension of the European Defence Communityp. 37
The Inherited Package: Arms Control in the EDC Treaty 1951-52p. 37
The Additional Protocols of 1953p. 41
American and British Planningp. 45
German and French Planningp. 49
The New French Protocol Proposalp. 52
The Brussels Conference (19-22 August 1954)p. 57
Last-Minute Attempts to Save the EDCp. 59
Conclusionp. 61
The Nuclear Dimension of the Western European Unionp. 65
German Signals about Self-Limitationp. 65
Agreement on Negotiations about 'Little NATO'p. 67
Revision of US European Policyp. 70
Preludes to the London Conferencep. 75
The London Conference (28 September-3 October 1954)p. 78
The Paris Conference (20-3 October 1954)p. 88
French Efforts to Obtain Further Concessionsp. 90
American and British Reactions during the Debate in the French National Assemblyp. 97
French Counterbalance: Reinforcement of the National Military Nuclear Optionp. 99
Negotiations about the French Arms Pool Projectp. 101
Renewed Discussion in the US about Alternatives in Case of Further Delayp. 107
Final French Attempts to Obtain Control of US Military Aid and the Transfer Optionp. 108
Conclusionp. 111
Euratom and the Linkage to the Common Market: First Phasep. 114
Originsp. 114
The Early US Attitude to the Plans for a relance europeennep. 122
Models for Euratom at the End of 1955p. 128
British Policy toward Euratomp. 130
American Policy Decisions and Implementation Analyses in the State Departmentp. 133
Dulles' Personal Diplomacy in Europep. 140
American Diplomacy and German Developmentsp. 143
The Monnet Conceptp. 145
US Domestic Bargaining: State-AEC coordinationp. 149
The Eisenhower-Eden Talks and the Evolution of the British Positionp. 155
Atoms for Peace, IAEA and the European Scenep. 161
American Diplomacy around the Brussels Conference (11-12 February 1956) up to the Spaak Reportp. 165
The Spaak Report and the Spaak Compromisep. 170
Franz-Josef Strauss' Exploratory Visit to the USp. 174
The US Message to the Europeans before the Venice Conferencep. 176
The Venice Conference (29-30 May 1956)p. 180
Conclusionp. 182
Euratom and the Linkage to the Common Market: Second Phasep. 186
US signals to Germany and France after the Venice Conferencep. 186
Franco-British Negotiationsp. 189
French Conditions about Euratomp. 192
A New Approach to Euratom?p. 194
Franco-British and Franco-German Talksp. 198
German Decisions before the Paris Conferencep. 203
The Paris Conference (20-1 October 1956) and its Impact in Bonn and Parisp. 207
American Reactionsp. 211
The Adenauer/Mollet Compromisep. 216
Franco-German Arms Cooperation with Nuclear Componentsp. 223
Controversies about Enrichment and Bilateralismp. 225
Erosion of 'Minimum Equality'p. 228
The US Position on the Common Market and the British Free Trade Area Proposalp. 236
Revitalization of the Anglo-American Nuclear Special Relationshipp. 239
The Final Stage of the Negotiations on Euratom and the Common Marketp. 244
Conclusionp. 248
Conclusion: Integration and Non-Proliferationp. 253
Notesp. 258
Bibliographyp. 297
List of Personsp. 314
Indexp. 325
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781403938992
ISBN-10: 1403938997
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 331
Published: 1st November 2004
Publisher: Palgrave USA
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 14.0  x 2.36
Weight (kg): 0.56
Edition Number: 1