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The Third Reich and the Palestine Question - Francis R. Nicosia

The Third Reich and the Palestine Question

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Published: 1st July 2000
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In order to ensure its racial, ideological, and strategic interests, the Hitler regime actively supported the status quo in Palestine and the Middle East during the interwar period. This included the perpetuation of British imperial power in Palestine, the Jewish National Home (not an independent Jewish state) promised by the Balfour Declaration, and the rejection of Arab self-determination and independence.

The Third Reich and the Palestine Question is the first comprehensive study of German Palestine policy during the 1930s. Francis R. Nicosia places that policy within the context of historical German interests and aims in Palestine, the Middle East, and Europe from the Wilhelminian era through the Weimar period and the Third Reich. He also provides insight into the broader foreign policy aims and calculations of the Nazi regime throughout the Arab Middle East before World War II.

In a new introduction, Nicosia places his ground-breaking research in its proper historical perspective. He reviews some of the recent literature on the history of Nazi Germany and the Holocaust. He also discusses some of the archival materials that have recently become available in the former German Democratic Republic and Soviet Union.

"Nicosia has written the definitive study of this fascinatingepoch in the histories of the participants. It is a masterful examination of every interwoven thread in the complicated tapestry of Nazi Germany's relations with the Middle East, as well as with Great Britain and the Zionist movement."--Arnold Krammer, American Historical Review

"The tight structure of the book, lucid narrative, and exhaustive use of relevant sources lend this book a definitive character."--Martin Kramer, Middle Eastern Studies

"A masterly piece of scholarship, Nicosia's historical study defines the aims and purposes of Nazi foreign policy toward Palestine in the thirties A valuable addition to an often neglected area of Holocaust studies."--Dimensions, A Journal of Holocaust Studies

Francis R. Nicosia
is professor of history at St. Michael's College in Colchester, Vermont.

-Nicosia has written the definitive study of this fascinating epoch in the histories of the participants. It is a masterful examination of every interwoven thread in the complicated tapestry of Nazi Germany's relations with the Middle East, as well as with Great Britain and the Zionist movement.-

--Arnold Krammer, American Historical Review

-The tight structure of the book, lucid narrative, and exhaustive use of relevant sources lend this book a definitive character.-

--Martin Kramer, Middle Eastern Studies

-A masterly piece of scholarship, Nicosia's historical study defines the aims and purposes of Nazi foreign policy toward Palestine in the thirties. A valuable addition to an often neglected area of Holocaust studies.-

--Dimensions, A Journal of Holocaust Studies

-Francis R. Nicosia's volume is a pleasure to read; he does everything that scholars are taught to do when writing scholarly monographs, but which few do in such an easy and fluid style.-

--Sara Reguer, Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual

-[T]he appearance of Francis Nicosia's study of the Third Reich's approach to matters related to Palestine is a welcome event. . . . [A] valuable contribution.-

--David Engel, Studies in Zionism

-[Nicosia's] own well-researched account shows how mistaken it is to infer from Arab enthusiasm for the new Nazi regime that Hitler's government supported Arab national self-determination in Palestine.-

--Marjorie Lamberti, The Journal of Modern History

-It is a masterful examination of every interwoven thread in the complicated tapestry of Nazi Germany's relations with the Middle East, as well as with Great Britain and the Zionist movement.-

--Arnold Krammer, American Historical Review

-Apart from being a valuable contribution to Middle Eastern studies, this book should stimulate those -revisionist- historians who argue that appeasement of Hitler was a sensible policy, since his original aims constituted no threat to British interests. Nicosia finds no evidence of any substantial German encouragement to Arab nationalist movements during the 1930s. Earlier studies have thrown light on some of these matters, but this book is the first comrephensive treatment of the whole question in English. It is clearly written, excellently produced and deserves to be widely read.-

--J. S. F. Parker, The Middle East

-This well-written study is based on substantial research and will become the definitive work on this topic.-

--G.M. Kren, Choice

-Palestine is still a burning issue. There is something to support all sides in Nicosia's book. But more, there is something for all to reflect upon.-

--Hugh T. Murray, New German Critique "Nicosia has written the definitive study of this fascinating epoch in the histories of the participants. It is a masterful examination of every interwoven thread in the complicated tapestry of Nazi Germany's relations with the Middle East, as well as with Great Britain and the Zionist movement."

--Arnold Krammer, American Historical Review

"The tight structure of the book, lucid narrative, and exhaustive use of relevant sources lend this book a definitive character."

--Martin Kramer, Middle Eastern Studies

"A masterly piece of scholarship, Nicosia's historical study defines the aims and purposes of Nazi foreign policy toward Palestine in the thirties. A valuable addition to an often neglected area of Holocaust studies."

--Dimensions, A Journal of Holocaust Studies

"Francis R. Nicosia's volume is a pleasure to read; he does everything that scholars are taught to do when writing scholarly monographs, but which few do in such an easy and fluid style."

--Sara Reguer, Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual

"[T]he appearance of Francis Nicosia's study of the Third Reich's approach to matters related to Palestine is a welcome event. . . . [A] valuable contribution."

--David Engel, Studies in Zionism

"[Nicosia's] own well-researched account shows how mistaken it is to infer from Arab enthusiasm for the new Nazi regime that Hitler's government supported Arab national self-determination in Palestine."

--Marjorie Lamberti, The Journal of Modern History

"It is a masterful examination of every interwoven thread in the complicated tapestry of Nazi Germany's relations with the Middle East, as well as with Great Britain and the Zionist movement."

--Arnold Krammer, American Historical Review

"Apart from being a valuable contribution to Middle Eastern studies, this book should stimulate those "revisionist" historians who argue that appeasement of Hitler was a sensible policy, since his original aims constituted no threat to British interests. Nicosia finds no evidence of any substantial German encouragement to Arab nationalist movements during the 1930s. Earlier studies have thrown light on some of these matters, but this book is the first comrephensive treatment of the whole question in English. It is clearly written, excellently produced and deserves to be widely read."

--J. S. F. Parker, The Middle East

"This well-written study is based on substantial research and will become the definitive work on this topic."

--G.M. Kren, Choice

"Palestine is still a burning issue. There is something to support all sides in Nicosia's book. But more, there is something for all to reflect upon."

--Hugh T. Murray, New German Critique "Nicosia has written the definitive study of this fascinating epoch in the histories of the participants. It is a masterful examination of every interwoven thread in the complicated tapestry of Nazi Germany's relations with the Middle East, as well as with Great Britain and the Zionist movement."

--Arnold Krammer, American Historical Review

"The tight structure of the book, lucid narrative, and exhaustive use of relevant sources lend this book a definitive character."

--Martin Kramer, Middle Eastern Studies

"A masterly piece of scholarship, Nicosia's historical study defines the aims and purposes of Nazi foreign policy toward Palestine in the thirties. A valuable addition to an often neglected area of Holocaust studies."

--Dimensions, A Journal of Holocaust Studies

"Francis R. Nicosia's volume is a pleasure to read; he does everything that scholars are taught to do when writing scholarly monographs, but which few do in such an easy and fluid style."

--Sara Reguer, Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual

"[T]he appearance of Francis Nicosia's study of the Third Reich's approach to matters related to Palestine is a welcome event. . . . [A] valuable contribution."

--David Engel, Studies in Zionism

"[Nicosia's] own well-researched account shows how mistaken it is to infer from Arab enthusiasm for the new Nazi regime that Hitler's government supported Arab national self-determination in Palestine."

--Marjorie Lamberti, The Journal of Modern History

"It is a masterful examination of every interwoven thread in the complicated tapestry of Nazi Germany's relations with the Middle East, as well as with Great Britain and the Zionist movement."

--Arnold Krammer, American Historical Review

"Apart from being a valuable contribution to Middle Eastern studies, this book should stimulate those "revisionist" historians who argue that appeasement of Hitler was a sensible policy, since his original aims constituted no threat to British interests. Nicosia finds no evidence of any substantial German encouragement to Arab nationalist movements during the 1930s. Earlier studies have thrown light on some of these matters, but this book is the first comrephensive treatment of the whole question in English. It is clearly written, excellently produced and deserves to be widely read."

--J. S. F. Parker, The Middle East

"This well-written study is based on substantial research and will become the definitive work on this topic."

--G.M. Kren, Choice

"Palestine is still a burning issue. There is something to support all sides in Nicosia's book. But more, there is something for all to reflect upon."

--Hugh T. Murray, New German Critique

Introduction to the Transaction Editionp. ix
Prefacep. xvii
Imperial and Weimar Precedentsp. 1
Early National Socialist Attitudes toward Zionismp. 16
The Anti-Semitic Backgroundp. 16
Alfred Rosenberg, Zionism and the Conspiracy Theoryp. 21
The Emergence of Hitler's Attitude toward Zionismp. 26
The Development of the Haavara Transfer Agreementp. 29
The Economic Backgroundp. 29
The Impact of the Anti-German Boycottp. 33
Consul-General Wolff and the Role of Palestinep. 36
The German Government and the Haavara Transfer Agreement of 1933p. 41
The Zionist Connection, 1933-1937p. 50
The Position of the German Foreign Officep. 50
The Role of the SSp. 54
The Umschulungslagerp. 58
Abteilung II/112 and Palestinep. 60
Other Interested Agenciesp. 64
The Role of England in Hitler's Foreign Policy Plansp. 67
Theories on Hitler's Englandpolitikp. 67
The Formulation of Hitler's Englandpolitik to 1933p. 69
The Quest for Alliance, 1933-1937p. 72
The Tactical Change: Without England, 1935-1937p. 76
The Racial Factorp. 82
The Rejection of an Arab Connection, 1933-1937p. 85
The Arab Response in Palestine to the Hitler Regimep. 85
The Rejection of Arab Overtures to 1936p. 87
The NSDAP and the Palastinadeutschep. 92
The Arab Revolt of 1936p. 99
The Peel Partition Plan and the Question of a Jewish Statep. 109
The Peel Commission Report of July, 1937p. 109
The German Foreign Office and the Question of a Jewish Statep. 112
The Rejection of Diplomatic Initiatives against the Partition Planp. 123
Emigration Policy and the Haavara Debatep. 126
Hitler's Intervention and the Continuation of Jewish Emigration to Palestinep. 140
Continuation of the Zionist Optionp. 145
War Plans and Racial Policyp. 145
The Economic Ausschaltungp. 148
The SS and the Centralization of Emigration Policyp. 151
The Limits of the Legal Immigration Systemp. 157
The Promotion of Illegal Immigration to Palestinep. 159
Toward the Final Solutionp. 163
Germany, Palestine and the Middle East, 1938-1939p. 168
Shifting Patterns in Hitler's Englandpolitikp. 168
German Propaganda and Italian Middle East Policyp. 174
Germany and the Arab World, 1938-1939p. 180
Conclusionsp. 193
Appendixesp. 203
Notesp. 223
Bibliographyp. 283
Indexp. 303
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780765806246
ISBN-10: 076580624X
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 343
Published: 1st July 2000
Publisher: TRANSACTION PUBL
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.91 x 15.39  x 2.52
Weight (kg): 0.53
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: New edition