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The Syntactic Process : Bradford Books - Mark Steedman

The Syntactic Process

Bradford Books

Paperback Published: 27th July 2001
ISBN: 9780262692687
Number Of Pages: 344
For Ages: 18+ years old

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In this book Mark Steedman argues that the surface syntax of natural languages maps spoken and written forms directly to a compositional semantic representation that includes predicate-argument structure, quantification, and information structure without constructing any intervening structural representation. His purpose is to construct a principled theory of natural grammar that is directly compatible with both explanatory linguistic accounts of a number of problematic syntactic phenomena and a straightforward computational account of the way sentences are mapped onto representations of meaning. The radical nature of Steedman's proposal stems from his claim that much of the apparent complexity of syntax, prosody, and processing follows from the lexical specification of the grammar and from the involvement of a small number of universal rule-types for combining predicates and arguments. These syntactic operations are related to the combinators of Combinatory Logic, engendering a much freer definition of derivational constituency than is traditionally assumed. This property allows Combinatory Categorial Grammar to capture elegantly the structure and interpretation of coordination and intonation contour in English as well as some well-known interactions between word order, coordination, and relativization across a number of other languages. It also allows more direct compatibility with incremental semantic interpretation during parsing.The book covers topics in formal linguistics, intonational phonology, computational linguistics, and experimental psycholinguistics, presenting them as an integrated theory of the language faculty in a form accessible to readers from any of those fields.

Industry Reviews

"Steedman has deftly woven two decades of seminal work on human language understanding into this accessible and engaging volume." - Bob Carpenter, Lucent Technologies' Bell Labs

Prefacep. xi
Introductionp. 1
Grammar and Information Structure
Rules, Constituents, and Fragmentsp. 11
Constituentsp. 12
Fragmentsp. 14
Issues of Power and Explanationp. 22
Grammar as an Applicative Systemp. 27
Intuitive Basis of Combinatory Categorial Grammarsp. 31
Pure Categorial Grammarp. 31
Interpretation and Predicate-Argument Structurep. 35
Coordinationp. 39
The Bluebirdp. 40
The Thrushp. 43
The Starlingp. 49
Explaining Constraints on Natural Grammarp. 53
Intrinsic Constraints Limiting the Set of Possible Rulesp. 53
Linguistic Constraints on Unbounded Dependenciesp. 59
Linguistic Constraints on Bounded Dependenciesp. 64
Quantification in CCGp. 70
Summary: Surface Structure and Interpretationp. 85
Structure and Intonationp. 89
Surface Structure and Intonation Structurep. 92
Two Intonation Contours and Their Functionsp. 95
Theme and Rhemep. 99
Focus and Backgroundp. 106
Grammar and Information Structurep. 109
Intonation and the Simplex Clausep. 119
Intonation in Complex Constructionsp. 122
Conclusionp. 124
Coordination and Word Order
Cross-Serial Dependencies in Dutchp. 133
Word Order in Dutchp. 136
Verb Raising as Compositionp. 138
Equi Verbsp. 144
Argument Cluster Compositionp. 146
Relative Clausesp. 155
Subject and Object Extraction from Embedded Clausesp. 158
Dutch Main-clause Orderp. 159
Interaction of Word order and Quantifier Scopep. 164
On the Rarity of Crossing Dependenciesp. 166
Summary of the Dutch Fragmentp. 167
Gapping and the Order of Constituentsp. 171
Gapping and SOV Word Orderp. 172
Gapping and VSO Word Orderp. 176
Gapping and SVO Word Orderp. 179
Other Elliptical Phenomenap. 195
A Cautious Conclusionp. 197
Computation and Performance
Combinators and Grammarsp. 201
Why Categories and Combinators?p. 201
Why Bluebirds, Thrushes, and Starlings?p. 203
Expressive Powerp. 207
Formalizing Directionality in Categorial Grammarsp. 213
Directionality as a Featurep. 216
Processing in Contextp. 225
Anatomy of a Processorp. 226
Toward Psychologically Realistic Parsersp. 246
CCG Parsing for Practical Applicationsp. 251
The Syntactic Interfacep. 255
Competencep. 255
Acquisitionp. 258
Performancep. 259
Notesp. 263
Referencesp. 283
Indexp. 321
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262692687
ISBN-10: 0262692686
Series: Bradford Books
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 344
Published: 27th July 2001
Publisher: MIT Press Ltd
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.23 x 14.61  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.43