Now in a new edition, this exceptional anthology provides an introduction to a wide variety of views on human nature. Drawing from diverse cultures over three millennia, Leslie Stevenson has chosen selections ranging from ancient religious texts to contemporary theories based on evolutionary science. An ideal companion to the editor's recent book, Ten Theories of Human Nature, 3/e (OUP, 1998), this interdisciplinary reader can also be used independently.
The Study of Human Nature, 2/e offers substantial selections illustrating the ten perspectives discussed in Ten Theories of Human Nature, 4/e--The Bible, Hinduism, Confucianism, Plato, Kant, Marx, Freud, Sartre, B.F. Skinner's behaviorism, and Konrad Lorenz's ethological diagnosis of human aggression. The Islamic tradition is represented by a selection from the 20th-century Iranian philosopher Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari. The 17th- and 18th-century philosophers Descartes, Hobbes, Hume, Rousseau, and Kant are also represented. Selections from Rousseau, J.S. Mill, and Nancy Holmstrom discuss alleged differences between women and men, and a paper by Henry Bracken deals with racial issues. Examples from E.O. Wilson's sociobiology and his critics are also included, together with material from Chomsky and from recent evolutionary psychology.
This new edition includes more substantial selections from the Hindu, Confucian, and Christian traditions and provides more accessible extracts from Marx, Sartre, and Lorenz. An excellent reader for introductory courses in philosophy, religious studies, human nature, and intellectual history, The Study of Human Nature, 2/e, is also an essential resource for anyone interested in ancient, modern, and contemporary perspectives on human nature.
"A superbly well chosen variety of human definitions, equipping readers in the relevant dimensions of psychology, anthropology, sociology, metaphysics, and religion."--George E. LaMore, Jr., Iowa Wesleyan College
THE HEBREW BIBLE (the Old Testament)
Brihad Aranyaka Upanishad
Mencius, "Human Nature is Good"
Hsun-tzu, "Human Nature is Evil"
CHRISTIANITY (the New Testament)
St. Paul, Letter to the Romans
St. Paul, First Letter to the Corinthians
Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari, "Man and Faith"
Discourse on Method
Treatise of Human Nature
Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View
Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason
The Materialist Theory of History
Consciousness and the Division of Labour
JOHN STUART MILL
The Subjection of Women
The Descent of Man
B.A. Farrell, "A Reconstruction of Freud's Mature Theory"
Existentialism and Humanism
"Language and the Human Mind"
HENRY M. BRACKEN
"Essence, Accident and Race"
EDWARD D. WILSON
On Human Nature
"Do Women Have a Distinct Nature?"
STEVEN ROSE, RICHARD LEWONTIN, AND LEON J. KAMIN
Not in our Genes: Biology, Ideology and Human Nature
The Origins of Virtue