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The Structure of the Mind : Outlines of a Philosophical System - Francesco Belfiore

The Structure of the Mind

Outlines of a Philosophical System

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Published: 28th April 2004
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This book represents a unique attempt to restore a 'new-classical' aspiration towards a philosophical system able to provide some certainties. Using the distinctive feature of presenting an original and complete philosophical system, author Francesco Belfiore diverges from the philosophical literature of the last decades, which has been ever more focused upon specific fields. Belfiore shows how failure to recognize this fundamental requirement of any philosophical inquiry has led to difficulties and misunderstandings in interpretation. Through his novel approach, Belfiore offers novel solutions in the fields of ontology, knowledge, language, esthetics, politics and ethics.

Figuresp. xiii
Tablesp. xv
Prefacep. xvii
A New Ontological Conceptionp. 1
A New Version of the "Cogito"p. 3
The Structure of the Beingp. 6
Premise: Problems Arising from the Conception of the Res Cogitans and the Res Extensap. 6
The Conception of Reality as the Unity-Distinction of the Intellect, the Sensitiveness and the Powerp. 13
The Intellectp. 17
Other "Objects" of the Intellect: Ideas Themselves and Sentimentsp. 20
The Intellect as a Support of the Sensitiveness and the Power: "Fantastic Ideas" and "Ideas of Personal Projects"p. 22
The branches of Knowledgep. 25
The Sensitivenessp. 26
The Sensitiveness as a Support of the Intellect and of the Powerp. 28
The Power and the Physical Worldp. 29
The Power and Actionsp. 29
The Physical Worldp. 31
The Mind as a Whole: The Consciousnessp. 34
Defining the Ontological Conception: The Being "One and Trine"p. 35
Comparison with Other Philosophical Conceptionsp. 37
Comparison with Other Unitary Conceptionsp. 37
Comparison with Other Conceptions Based on a "One and Trine" Entityp. 39
Comparison with Other Philosophical Systemsp. 39
Comparison with Some Religious Conceptionsp. 41
The Intellect: Knowledge and its Limitsp. 43
The Knowledge of the Power: The Physical World and the Actions of Manp. 44
The Knowledge of the Physical Worldp. 45
The Objects and the Ideas-of-Objectp. 45
The Individual Objects of the Supra-Molecular Worldp. 45
The Identical Particles of the Molecular-Atomic-Subatomic Worldp. 52
Similar Objects versus Identical Particlesp. 53
Similar Objects of the Supra-Molecular Worldp. 53
Identical Particles of the Molecular-Atomic-Subatomic Worldp. 55
The Creation of "Classes" and "Sets"p. 56
Heterogeneous Classes Made of Individual Objectsp. 56
Homogeneous Classes Made of Identical Particlesp. 61
Physical versus Non-Physical Classesp. 62
Classes and the Knowledge Processp. 67
Classes and Some Logical Paradoxesp. 70
Classes, Numbers, Mathematics and Geometryp. 79
Relations between Objects and Classesp. 83
Relations in Static Conditionsp. 84
Relations of the Object with Itself (Identification)p. 84
Relations Between Objects (or Inter-Objective)p. 85
Object-Class Relationsp. 86
Relations Class-to-Class or Inter-Classesp. 88
Relations in Dynamic Conditions (Dynamic Relations): The Eventsp. 89
Dynamic Relations of the Object with Itself (Events Affecting a Single Object)p. 91
Dynamic Relations Between Objects: (I) The Cause-Effect Relationp. 91
Dynamic Relations Between Objects: (II) Relations of Actionp. 102
The Creation of Transformation Laws (Scientific Laws)p. 102
The Starting Point of Knowledge and Its Progressive Developmentp. 107
The Subject-Object Relationp. 107
Subject-Object Relation and Quantum Mechanicsp. 112
The Limits of Knowledge: The "Phenomenon" and the "Noumenon"p. 114
The Role of the Subconsciousp. 117
Acquisition of New Knowledge of the Physical World by Inductive Reasoning: From Properties to Objects, Classes, Events, Laws and Theoriesp. 118
Assembling Properties into Objects and Observed Changes into Eventsp. 118
Grouping Objects into Classesp. 119
Grouping Events into Transformation Laws (Scientific Laws) and Theoriesp. 123
Utilization of Acquired Knowledge by Deductive Reasoning: Explanations, Previsions and Applicationsp. 136
Explanationsp. 136
Previsionsp. 137
Applications (Experiments and Inventions)p. 137
Methods of Reasoning for the Acquisition of New Knowledgep. 138
Propositions about Objects, Events, Classes and Lawsp. 138
Particular Propositions about Objects and Events of the Supra-Molecular Worldp. 138
Propositions about Classes and Transformation Laws of the Supra-Molecular Worldp. 143
Propositions About the Identical Particles (and Their Homogenous Classes) and the Regular Events (and Their General Laws) of the Molecular-Atomic-Subatomic Worldp. 146
Methods of Reasoning in the Utilization of Acquired Knowledgep. 147
Arguments about Objects and Classes of the Supra-Molecular Worldp. 148
Arguments about Objects (Particles) and Classes of the Molecular-Atomic-Subatomic Worldp. 153
Arguments about Events and Laws of the Supra-Molecular Worldp. 154
Arguments about Events and Laws of the Molecular-Atomic-Subatomic Worldp. 158
Comments to the Basic Logical Principlesp. 161
Knowledge of Actionsp. 166
Knowledge of the Intellect (Intellect as an Object of Knowledge)p. 168
Knowledge of the Sensitiveness and Sentimentsp. 169
Languagep. 170
Language as an Expression of Knowledgep. 172
Language as an Expression of the Knowledge of the Physical World and of the Ideas of the Mindp. 173
Language as an Expression of the Knowledge of Sentiments and of Moral Eventsp. 187
Language as an Expression of Sentiments (Poetic, Command and Moral Language)p. 187
The Sensitivenessp. 189
The Sensitiveness as a Generator of Sentimentsp. 189
Sentiments and Their Objectsp. 193
Particular versus Universal Sentimentsp. 196
Sentiments as Related to Ideas and Actionsp. 197
Judgment of Sentimentsp. 198
Expression of Sentiments and the Works of Artp. 199
Expression of Sentiments by Language and the Literary Artsp. 200
Literary Artsp. 201
Autonomy of Artp. 203
Artistic versus Scientific Contentp. 205
Art as Expression of Universal Sentimentsp. 205
Art Critics and the Objectivity of the Value of Artp. 207
Art and Beautyp. 209
Representation, Expression and Understandingp. 210
The Problem of Fictionp. 213
Comment on the View of Art as Expression of Universal Sentimentsp. 217
Expression of Sentiments by Soundp. 221
Expression of Sentiments by Imaging (Visual Arts)p. 223
Painting and Sculpturep. 223
Architecturep. 225
Expression of Sentiments by Combined Use of Language, Sound and Imaging (Behavior, Theater, Cinema)p. 226
The Works of Art as Aesthetic Objectsp. 227
Art and Moralityp. 228
Comparison with Other Philosophical Conceptions of Artp. 229
The Power: Man's Action in the Society and in the Physical Worldp. 237
The Power as a Generator of Actionsp. 237
Actions as Related to Ideas and Sentimentsp. 240
Judgment of Actionsp. 243
Judgment of Actions by the Strength Criterionp. 243
Judgment of Actions by the Value Criterionp. 244
Universal Actions and The Origin of Human Societyp. 245
From the Particular Action of the Individual to the Universal Actions in the Societyp. 246
The Justification of the Social Institutionsp. 250
Correct-Rating of Actions Entails a "Power-Driven Society"p. 253
Wrong-Rating of Actions Entails a "Violence-Injured Society"p. 255
The Conditions for a Meaningful Votingp. 259
The Finality of Laws (Universal Actions) and the Political Partiesp. 260
Laws as Community-Shared Projects that Define Classes of Actionsp. 264
Social Institutionsp. 264
Lawsp. 265
Adjudicationp. 268
The Consciousness and Moralityp. 273
The Consciousness as a Generator of Moral Events (Moral Decisions, Moral Feelings and Moral Acts)p. 273
Moral Eventsp. 274
Characteristics Peculiar to Moral Eventsp. 276
Distinction of Moral Events from Other Mental Productsp. 278
Examples of Personal Actions and Moral Actsp. 281
Comparison with Other Theories of Consciousnessp. 282
Theories of Consciousnessp. 282
The Consciousness and the Brainp. 287
Judgment of Moral Eventsp. 288
Judgment by the Morality Criterionp. 288
The Morality Criterionp. 288
Judgment of Moral Conceptionsp. 289
Judgment of Moral Feelingsp. 289
Judgment of Moral Actsp. 290
Moral Acts versus Personal Actionsp. 292
Mention to Other Moral Conceptionsp. 293
Demonstrative Examplesp. 295
Judgment by the Value Criterionp. 300
Morality and Politicsp. 301
Equality as Related to Morality and Politicsp. 303
Equality between Individuals: The Right to Equal Treatmentp. 304
Inequality between Individuals: The Right to Unequal (Individualized) Treatmentp. 305
Supererogation, Moral Formalism, and Fanaticismp. 308
Free Willp. 311
Freedom of Personal Actions and of Moral Actsp. 312
Freedom of Personal Actionsp. 312
Freedom of Moral Decision and Moral Acts (Free Will)p. 313
Choosing Between Moral Projects and Personal Projectsp. 314
Comparison with Other Conceptions of Freedomp. 318
Incompatibilist Theoriesp. 319
Critical Commentp. 321
Moral Responsibility Without Freedomp. 323
Responsibility Is Consciousness of Being the Causal Agentp. 323
Apparent Freedom Is Due to the Extreme Complexity of the Brainp. 325
The Language of Morality (Moral Language)p. 330
Analytical, Continental and Post-Modern Philosophyp. 333
Analytical and Continental Philosophyp. 334
Post-Modern Philosophyp. 335
Kuhn's Thoughtp. 335
Feyerabend's Thoughtp. 337
Rorty's Thoughtp. 339
A Conclusive Notep. 340
Referencesp. 343
Indexp. 365
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780761827870
ISBN-10: 0761827870
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 404
Published: 28th April 2004
Publisher: UNIV PR OF AMER
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 13.97  x 2.29
Weight (kg): 0.51