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The State, Identity, and the National Question in China and Japan - Germaine A. Hoston

The State, Identity, and the National Question in China and Japan

Paperback Published: 11th September 1994
ISBN: 9780691023342
Number Of Pages: 640

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The first decades of the twentieth century witnessed an explosion of nationalist sentiment in East Asia, as in Europe. This comprehensive work explores how radical Chinese and Japanese thinkers committed to social change in this turbulent era addressed issues concerning national identity, social revolution, and the role of the national state in achieving socio-economic development. Focusing on the adaptation of anarchism and then Marxism-Leninism to non-European contexts, Germaine Hoston shows how Chinese and Japanese theorists attempted to reconcile a relatively new appreciation for the nation-state with their allegiance to a vision of internationalist socialist revolution culminating in stateless socialism.

Given the influence of Western experience on Marxism, Chinese and Japanese theorists found the Marxian national question to be not merely one of whether the "working man has no country," but rather the much more fundamental issue of the relative value of Eastern and Western cultures. Marxism, argues Hoston, thus placed native Marxists in tension with their own heritage and national identity. The author traces efforts to resolve this tension throughout the first half of the twentieth century, and concludes by examining how the tension persists, as Chinese and Japanese dissidents seek identity-affirming modernity in accordance with the Western democratic model.

"[Hoston] analyzes the reception of Marxism as it spread to east Asia, focusing on the persistent tension between the socialist internationalism that underpinned it and enduring nationalism in China and Japan ... [She] enhances our understanding of the Japanese left on the eve of the Second World War."--History

Preface
Introduction: Identity, the National Question, and Revolutionary Change in China and Japanp. 3
Marxism, Revolution, and the National Questionp. 18
The National Question and the Political Theory of Marxism in Asiap. 43
The National Question and Problems in the Marxist Theory of the Statep. 45
The Encounter: Indigenous Perspective and the Introduction of Marxismp. 84
Anarchism, Nationalism, and the Challenge of Bolshevismp. 125
Anarchism, Populism, and Early Marxian Socialismp. 127
Nationalism and the Path to Bolshevismp. 175
History, the State, and Revolutionary Change: Marxist Analyses of the Chinese and Japanese Statesp. 219
State, Nation, and the National Question in the Debate on Japanese Capitalismp. 221
National Identity and the State in the Controversy on Chinese Social Historyp. 273
Outcomes: The Reconciliation of Marxism With National Identityp. 326
Tenko: Emperor, State, and Marxian National Socialism in Showa Japanp. 327
Mao and the Chinese Synthesis of Nationalism, Stateness, and Marxismp. 361
Marxism, Nationalism, and Late Industrialization: Conclusions and Epiloguep. 402
Notesp. 445
Select Bibliographyp. 535
Indexp. 609
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691023342
ISBN-10: 0691023344
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 640
Published: 11th September 1994
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 16.51  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 0.89