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The Standardization of American Schooling : Linking Secondary and Higher Education, 1870-1910 - Marc A. VanOverbeke

The Standardization of American Schooling

Linking Secondary and Higher Education, 1870-1910

Hardcover Published: 1st May 2008
ISBN: 9780230606289
Number Of Pages: 224

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This book explores the efforts of educational reformers who sought to link secondary and higher education in the decades after 1870. Through various state, regional, and national initiatives, these reformers created a hierarchical system, laid the foundation for a growing standardization in education, and influenced who would have access to college. Neither higher education nor the secondary branches dominated the other in creating this educational system. Rather, through debate, argument, and accommodation, the two levels mutually shaped each other in a time of significant political and economic change. Reformers today wrestle with this legacy as they continue to forge connections between the two educational levels.

"Provides fresh, new insights into the development not only of high schools but also colleges and universities in this era.VanOverbeke s book makes a valuable and important contribution to the field. It deserves a wide readership." - Jeffrey Mirel, History of Education Quarterly

"In 1870, few college students had attended high schools, and the two institutions were rivals more than complements of one another. But in 1910 four years of high school had become the standard prerequisite for higher education. This momentous transformation is the subject of VanOverbeke s lucid and thorough study. He has admirably captured the interplay of the ideas and aspirations for articulating these two institutions against the hard realities of schools and colleges during a generation of breathtaking change." - Roger Geiger, Distinguished Professor of Education, Pennsylvania State University

"In this imaginative and groundbreaking study, VanOverbeke demonstrates how national systems of secondary and collegiate education were formed in tandem during the latter nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Starting with the efforts of a few visionary university leaders, it was a process that led eventually to the formation of the College Board, with assistance from the Carnegie Foundation. With scrupulous historical scholarship and an engaging narrative style, VanOverbeke describes the people and events that contributed to this outcome, one that was neither preordained nor inevitable. It is a fine contribution to the historical literature on both secondary and collegiate education during this period." - John L Rury, Professor of Education and History, University of Kansas

"On the level of theory, VanOverbeke has demonstrated that for the 1870-1910 period, changes in education may be understood through an analysis of the conflict of interests between secondary schools and universities. He has also demonstrated that the curriculum must be understood within a particular timeframe and setting. In terms of specific content, the importance of his work and this period are rejected in the fact that one hundred years later, the university has been well established as the apex of the educational system and that what were once emerging regional accreditation associations are equally well established." - H-Net Reviews

Series Editors' Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Changing Expectations for American Educationp. 9
Building the University of Michigan on a High School Foundationp. 35
Michigan Launches a Movement for Regional Accreditationp. 59
The Secondary Schools' Challenge to Higher Education and the Dominance of the Modern Subjectsp. 91
Charles W. Eliot and the Early Campaign for a National Educational Systemp. 115
Regional Efforts and a Renewed Focus on National Reformp. 143
Epilogue: Looking Ahead by Looking to the Pastp. 171
Notesp. 179
Indexp. 215
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780230606289
ISBN-10: 0230606288
Series: Secondary Education in a Changing World
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 224
Published: 1st May 2008
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 14.0  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.43
Edition Number: 1