This volume of the Sociology of the Sciences Yearbooks stems from our experience that collaborations between non-scientists and scientists, often initiated by scientists seeking greater social relevance for science, can be of major importance for cognitive development. It seemed to us that it would be useful to explore the conditions under which such collaborations affect scientific change and the nature of the processes involved. This book therefore focuses on a number of instances in which scientists and non-scientists were jointly involved in the genera tion of scientific results at the "interface" of science and society. Despite the considerable variety of cases reported here, a number of questions are central. Under what conditions do such cooperative processes occur? What perceptions of social relevance and what sorts of col laborations with non-scientific groups are involved? How is this collaboration achieved, and through what forums? How can insights into its conditions and mechanisms stabilize such cooperations over a longer period of time? If they are stabilized, do they really affect science, or do they mainly function to shield the rest of the science system against external influences? These questions are pertinent both to intellectual problems in the sociology of science and to the practical concerns of modern science policies. The significance of relations between knowledge producers and knowledge consumers and interest in how these relations affect science and society have changed considerably in recent decades.
I Co-operative Processes and the Production of Scientific Knowledge.- The Theoretical Significance of Co-operative Research.- The Practical Management of Scientists' Actions: The Influence of Patterns of Knowledge Development in Biology on Cooperations Between University Biologists and Non-Scientists.- II Collaborations Between Scientists and Non-Scientists at the Grassroots.- Cooperation Between Medical Researchers and a Self-Help Movement: The Case of the German Retinitis Pigmentosa Society.- The Knowledge Interests of the Environmental Movement and Its Potential for Influencing the Development of Science.- The Scientist, the Fisherman and the Oyster Farmer.- What We Have Learned from the Amsterdam Science Shop.- III Collaborations in National Contexts.- The Orientation of the Public Sciences in a Post-Colonial-Society: The Experience of India.- Workers' Faculties and the Development of Science Cadres in the First Decade of Soviet Power.- Intellectuals in Social Movements: The Experts of "Solidarity".- IV Collaborations and the Emergence of New Scientific Fields.- Social Change, Trade Union Politics, and Sociology of Work.- Social Sciences and Political Projects: Reform Coalitions Between Social Scientists and Policy-Makers in France, Italy, and West Germany.- Attracting Audiences and the Emergence of Toxicology as a Practical Science.- Epilogue.- The Causes and Consequences of Collaborations Between Scientists and Non-Scientific Groups.
Series: Sociology of the Sciences
Number Of Pages: 360
Published: 31st May 1987
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.71