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The Shi'is of Iraq : Princeton Paperbacks Ser. - Yitzhak Nakash

The Shi'is of Iraq

Princeton Paperbacks Ser.

Paperback

Published: 16th February 2003
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The Shi'is of Iraq provides a comprehensive history of Iraq's majority group and its turbulent relations with the ruling Sunni minority. Yitzhak Nakash challenges the widely held belief that Shi'i society and politics in Iraq are a reflection of Iranian Shi'ism, pointing to the strong Arab attributes of Iraqi Shi'ism. He contends that behind the power struggle in Iraq between Arab Sunnis and Shi'is there exist two sectarian groups that are quite similar. The tension fueling the sectarian problem between Sunnis and Shi'is is political rather than ethnic or cultural, and it reflects the competition of the two groups over the right to rule and to define the meaning of nationalism in Iraq. A new introduction brings this book into the new century and illuminates the role that Shiis could play in postwar Iraq.

"This is a superb study of Iraq's Shia majority. Based on remarkable scholarship, the book brings to life a whole political community that has often been seen as a mere appendage of the larger Shia population in Iran... This study is a potent reminder of the power of the modern state to shape and control even such basic social phenomena as religious identity and its expression."--William B. Quandt, Foreign Affairs "Nakash's account of the process of community formation in Iraq has fascinating implications for modern Middle Eastern history. In that broad historical revolution which is the settlement of the Middle Eastern tribes, we can see that the agents were: Sufism in most of the Sunni countries; fundamentalist Islam in Arabia; and Shi'ism in Iraq and Iran. In each case, the primitive Islam of the tribes takes on a new form as an accompaniment to a fundamental change in economic and social life."--M. E. Yapp, The Times Literary Supplement

Prefacep. xiii
Introduction to the 2003 Paperback Editionp. xv
A Note on Transliterationp. xxiii
Abbreviationsp. xxiv
Introductionp. 3
The Formative Years
The Making of Iraqi Shi'i Societyp. 13
Iraq the Frontierp. 14
The Shrine Citiesp. 18
The Conversion of the Tribes to Shi'ismp. 25
The Nature of the Conversionp. 43
Years of Upheavalp. 49
The Impact of Two Revolutionsp. 50
Muslim Unity and the Jihad Movementp. 55
The 1919 Plebiscitep. 61
The 1920 Revoltp. 66
The State and the Shi'is
Exercising Social Controlp. 75
Containing the Mujtahidsp. 75
Managing the Tribal Shaykhsp. 88
Baghdad and the Shrine Citiesp. 94
The Blow to the Status of Persiansp. 100
Human Dilemmasp. 105
The Search for Political Representationp. 109
Recognizing the Statep. 109
The 1935 Revoltp. 120
The Bid for Powerp. 125
The Radical Optionsp. 132
The Transformation of Rituals and Religious Practices
The Commemoration of 'Ashura'p. 141
The Nature of the Muharram Observancesp. 142
The Mujtahids and the Muharram Observancesp. 154
The State and 'Ashura'p. 157
Pilgrimage to the Shrine Cities and the Cult of the Saintsp. 163
Foreign Pilgrimagep. 164
Internal Visitationp. 173
The Corpse Trafficp. 184
Development and Socioeconomic Functionsp. 185
The Religious Creed versus the Social Orderp. 192
The State and the Corpse Trafficp. 197
The Decline of Financial and Intellectual Institutions
Shi'i Money and the Shrine Citiesp. 205
The Building of an Economic Basep. 206
The Oudh Bequestp. 211
The Consequences of Dependency on Foreign Fundsp. 229
The Shi'i Madrasa in Iraqp. 238
Features and Functionsp. 241
Signs of Declinep. 247
A New Iraqi Shi'i Madrasap. 262
Conclusionp. 269
Epilogue: The Gulf War and its Aftermathp. 273
The Constitution of the Buraq Quarter of Najafp. 283
Important Shi'i Shrines, Tombs, and Holy Sites in Iraqp. 285
Shi'i Holy Burial Sitesp. 287
Bibliographyp. 289
Indexp. 303
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691115757
ISBN-10: 0691115753
Series: Princeton Paperbacks Ser.
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 336
Published: 16th February 2003
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.2  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.48
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised