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The Shadow of Slavery : Peonage in the South, 1901-1969 - Pete R. Daniel

The Shadow of Slavery

Peonage in the South, 1901-1969

Paperback Published: 1st December 1990
ISBN: 9780252061462
Number Of Pages: 240

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Whether peonage in the South grew out of slavery, a natural and perhaps unavoidable interlude between bondage and freedom, or whether employers distorted laws and customs to create debt servitude, most Southerners quietly accepted peonage. To the employer it was a way to control laborers; to the peon it was a bewildering system that could not be escaped without risk of imprisonment, beating, or death.
 
Pete Daniel's book is about this largely ignored form of twentieth-century slavery. It is in part "the record of an American failure, the inability of federal, state, and local law-enforcement officers to end peonage." In a series of case studies and histories, Daniel re-creates the neglected and frightening world of peonage, demanding, "If a form of slavery yet exists in the United States, as so much evidence suggests, then the relevant questions are why, and by whose irresponsibility?"
 
Peonage grew out of labor settlements following emancipation, when employers forbade croppers to leave plantations because of debt (often less than $30). At the turn of the century the federal government acknowledged that the "labyrinth of local customs and laws" binding men in debt was peonage. They outlawed debt servitude and slowly moved against it, but with no large success. Disappearing witnesses and acquitted employers characterized the cases that did go to court.
 
Daniel holds that peonage persists for many reasons: the corruption and apathy of law-enforcement, racist traditions in the South, and the impotence of the Justice Department in prosecuting this violation of federal law. He draws extensively on complaints and trial transcripts from the peonage records of the Justice Department.
 

"It is a scandal that historians have had to wait so long for such a serious and effective study of this important subject." -- Journal of American History

ISBN: 9780252061462
ISBN-10: 0252061462
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 240
Published: 1st December 1990
Publisher: UNIV OF ILLINOIS PR
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.71 x 15.22  x 1.75
Weight (kg): 0.39