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The Septuagint : Understanding the Bible and Its World - Jennifer Dines

The Septuagint

Understanding the Bible and Its World

Paperback Published: 1st May 2004
ISBN: 9780567084644
Number Of Pages: 196

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Jennifer Dines provides an introductory survey of current scholarship on the Greek Bible - the Septuagint. She outlines its origins in the third to first centuries BCE, going on to trace its subsequent history to the fifth century CE. The Septuagint's relationship with the standard Hebrew text and its translational characteristics are examined, as is its value as a collection with its own literary and exegetical character. The Septuagint is shown to be an important source for biblical studies (both Old and New Testament), to make a distinctive contribution to the history of biblical interpretation, and to be of considerable interest for understanding the early development of both Judaism and Christianity.

"The Septuagint or early Greek translation of the Old Testament has lacked a good, current introduction until recently. The strength of Dr. Dines's introduction is its thoroughness, compactness, and readability. The user-friendly layout, with sub-headings and sections clearly indicated, and the detailed table of contents and indexes all make this an easy volume to read and also to consult and refer to for the answer to specific questions. It has one of the most comprehensive discussions on Septuagint origins that I have seen. The treatment of topics, even the controversial ones, is balanced and judicious. I do not believe the student can do better for a guide to the Septuagint, and working biblical scholars and even Septuagint specialists will also want it on their bookshelf."

Prefacep. ix
Abbreviationsp. xiii
Resourcesp. xv
What is 'the Septuagint'?p. 1
Terminologyp. 1
Scope of the term in antiquityp. 2
Scope of the term in contemporary usage: 'Septuagint' and/or 'Old Greek'p. 2
Primary sources: manuscripts and editionsp. 3
The earliest Jewish manuscriptsp. 4
The earliest Christian manuscriptsp. 6
Printed editionsp. 7
Secondary sources: the Christian versionsp. 9
The Old Latinp. 10
The Copticp. 11
The content of the Septuagintp. 11
Differences between Hebrew and Greek orderp. 12
The individual books of the Septuagintp. 13
The Pentateuchp. 14
The historical booksp. 16
The sapiential booksp. 19
The prophetic booksp. 21
Summaryp. 24
Further readingp. 24
Origins: Facts and Fictionsp. 27
Introductionp. 27
The Letter of Aristeasp. 28
Outline of contentp. 28
Relevance to the Septuagintp. 30
Aristobulusp. 33
Sourcesp. 33
Aristobulus on the Septuagintp. 34
Earlier versions of the Septuagint?p. 35
Relationship between Aristobulus and The Letter of Aristeasp. 35
Aristobulus in contextp. 37
Further readingp. 39
Origins: Questions and Issuesp. 41
Dating, location and purposep. 41
The translation of the Pentateuchp. 41
The translation of the Prophets and the Writingsp. 45
The Septuagint as a whole: theories and questionsp. 47
The 'texts for worship' hypothesisp. 47
The 'texts for study' hypothesisp. 51
The question of the Septuagintp. 60
Further readingp. 61
The Status of the Septuagint: from Philo to Jeromep. 63
Introductionp. 63
Philo of Alexandria (c. 20 bce - c. 50 ce)p. 64
Philo on the making of the Septuagintp. 64
Special features in Philo's accountp. 65
Philo on the 'inspiration' of the Septuagintp. 67
A defence of the Septuagint against accusations of inaccuracy?p. 69
Josephus (37 - c. 100 ce)p. 71
Continuation of the Septuagint legends in Judaismp. 72
Rabbinic sources and the Septuagintp. 73
Continuation of the Septuagint legends in Christianityp. 75
The defence of the Septuagintp. 75
The Septuagint and Jewish alternativesp. 77
Augustine and Jeromep. 77
Further readingp. 79
Textual Developments to the Fifth Century CEp. 81
The Jewish versionsp. 81
The kaige revisionp. 81
'Theodotion'p. 84
Aquilap. 87
Symmachusp. 89
Other Jewish versionsp. 90
Christian use of the versionsp. 92
The Christian recensionsp. 93
The 'Hesychian Recension'p. 94
The Hexaplaric Recensionp. 95
The Lucianic (Antiochian) Recensionp. 103
Further readingp. 106
Language and Stylep. 109
Introductionp. 109
The Septuagint and Koine Greekp. 110
The Septuagint's first readersp. 115
Summaryp. 117
Translation techniquep. 117
'Literal' and 'free' translationsp. 119
Conclusionp. 128
Further readingp. 129
The Use of the Septuagint: from the Beginnings to the Present Dayp. 131
Septuagint and Masoretic Text: interpreting the differencesp. 131
Identifying distinctive theological elementsp. 131
Jewish and Christian reception historyp. 135
Early Jewish interpretationp. 136
Hellenistic Jewish authorsp. 137
Apocrypha and pseudepigraphap. 138
Philo and Josephusp. 140
Early Christian interpretationp. 142
Influence of the Septuagint on New Testament interpretationp. 142
Patristic use of the Septuagintp. 145
The influence of the Septuagint on biblical interpretationp. 147
Issues in the patristic use of the Septuagintp. 149
Modern interest in the LXXp. 151
The Septuagint and textual criticismp. 151
Modern translationsp. 152
The Septuagint as Christian Scripturep. 154
The Septuagint as Jewish Scripturep. 154
The Septuagint and Hellenistic culturep. 155
Further readingp. 156
Bibliographyp. 159
Index of Referencesp. 177
Index of Authorsp. 183
General Indexp. 187
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780567084644
ISBN-10: 0567084647
Series: Understanding the Bible and Its World
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 196
Published: 1st May 2004
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.54 x 14.07  x 1.68
Weight (kg): 0.25
Edition Number: 1

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