This book is conceived as a broad comparative study of ten countries whose political structure and dominant ideology justify the application of the label "Marxist State". However, while these countries are ruled by parties strongly influenced by Marxist ideology and vision, their acceptance of and adherence to the Soviet model of Communism is seen to vary considerably, as do their links to the Soviet Union. The levels of centralization and nationalization are also highly varied. It treats the countries as units of analysis, whereby they are classified to test certain hypothesized relationships. It aims to stimulate a broader theoretical orientation in research and propose hypotheses for future research.
For the purpose of the study four types of second economy activities will be analyzed - first, the legal second economy inside the first economy (for example, legal semi-private contracts, enterprises and subsidiary shops with the state-owned firms); second, the illegal second economy inside the first economy (for example, illegal private production within state enterprises); third, the legal second economy parallel to the first economy (for example, licensed private economy, "barter" economy; and fourth, the illegal second economy parallel to the first economy (for example, unlicensed private production and distribution, black markets, and contraband). Maria Los has also written "Communist Ideology, Law and Crime: A Comparative View of the USSR and Poland", "Welfare and Justice" and "Attitudes of Polish Society Towards Morality and Law" (co-author with A.Podgorecki, J.Kurczewski and J.Kwasniewski).
Acknowledgements - Notes on the Contributors - Introduction; M.Los - The Second Economy in the Soviet Union; L.I.Shelley - The Dynamics of the Second Economy in Poland; M.Los - The Second Economy in Hungary; I.Kemeny - The Second Economy in Romania; H.Brezinski & P.Petersen - Unofficial Economic Activities in Yugoslavia; I.Bicanic - The Cuban Second Economy in Perspective; R.J.Michalowski & M.S.Zatz - The Second Economy in Nicaragua Is the Second Front: Washington's Efforts to Destabilize Any Succeeding American Revolution; W.Gordon West - The Second Economy in Socialist China; X.Ren - The Second Economy in Angola: Esquema and Condoga; D.dos Santos - The Second Economy in Tanzania: Its Emergence and Strategies of Control; A.S.Z.Kiondo - Dynamic Relationships of the First and Second Economies in Old and New Marxist States; M.Los