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The Scientific Origins of National Socialism - Daniel Gasman

The Scientific Origins of National Socialism

Paperback Published: 30th April 2004
ISBN: 9780765805812
Number Of Pages: 268

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Many studies of the origins of National Socialism claim that the v‚ÄĚlkisch and proto-Nazi movement arose largely as a reaction to the materialistic ideas of nineteenth-century science and especially to the naturalistic philosophy of Ernst Haeckel and the German Monist League. Using hitherto unexplored material, Daniel Gasman calls this generalization into question. Arguing that the importance of science has been relatively neglected in accounts of the intellectual origins of Nazism, he attempts to show that Haeckel's "scientific" Darwinism, and his movement, the German Monist League, were proto-Nazi in character.

Contrary to popular belief, Haeckel's type of social Darwinism actually played a critical role in the formation of National Socialist ideology. In his new introduction, Gasman notes that recent research goes far to confirm Haeckel's role as an ideological progenitor of fascist ideology. This is true not only for Germany, but also for the birth of fascist thought in Italy and France. In general, Gasman claims, the history of science plainly reveals how Haeckel's social Darwinism nourished the roots of fascism no less than avant-garde modernism.

When The Scientific Origins of National Socialism initially appeared, the Times Literary Supplement called it a "very well-argued thesis... that is completely successful... and leaves the reader to extract his own moral lessons." Medical History, in its review of The Scientific Origins of National Socialism, said, "His book is essential for understanding modern Germany. It has a general message derived from the events in Germany, where scientific data were permitted to take on a mystical signficiance... with ghastly consequences." Bruce Chatwin, in the New York Review of Books, called the book "brilliant." Now available in paperback, with a new introduction by the author, this seminal work will be of interest to intellectual historians, as well as those interested in twentieth-century Europe.

"This second edition of Gasman's work can be recommended unreservedly as a key study of the intellectual origins of Nazism."--Veronika Bajt, Journal of Genocide Research
-This second edition of Gasman's work can be recommended unreservedly as a key study of the intellectual origins of Nazism.---Veronika Bajt, Journal of Genocide Research

Introduction : Ernst Haeckel and the Volkish tradition
Ernst Haeckel and the German monist leaguep. 1
The political assumptions of monismp. 31
Monism and Christianityp. 55
Monism, the corporative state and eugenicsp. 82
Monism and Marxismp. 106
Monism, imperialism, and the First World Warp. 126
Monism and national socialismp. 147
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780765805812
ISBN-10: 0765805812
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 268
Published: 30th April 2004
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 1.5
Weight (kg): 0.38
Edition Type: New edition