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The Retreat of Scientific Racism : Changing Concepts of Race in Britain and the United States between the World Wars - Elazar Barkan

The Retreat of Scientific Racism

Changing Concepts of Race in Britain and the United States between the World Wars

Paperback Published: 15th November 1993
ISBN: 9780521458757
Number Of Pages: 396

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This fascinating study in the sociology of knowledge documents the refutation of scientific foundations for racism in Britain and the United States between the two World Wars, when racial differences were no longer attributed to cultural factors. Professor Barkan considers the social significance of this transformation, particularly its effect on race relations in the modern world. Discussing the work of the leading biologists and anthropologists who wrote between the wars, he argues that the impetus for the shift in ideologies came from the inclusion of outsiders (women, Jews, and leftists) who infused greater egalitarianism into scientific discourse. But even though the emerging view of race was constrained by a scientific language, he shows that modern theorists were as much influenced by social and political events as were their predecessors.

Industry Reviews

'(This book) is informative, lucid and ambitious.' Bill Schwarz, Race and Class 'Barkan's detailed narration of the theories and empirical research of scientists adds considerably to our understanding of the intellectual groundwork that prefaced the rejection of scientific racism. It is worthy of wide readership.' Robert Miles, Critical Social Policy 'Barkan's nuanced treatment of American and British anthropologists and biologists ... between the world wars is an authoritative and significant contribution to the history of racial thought of the two major English-speaking countries. His study ... is a splendid example of the type of work that should be done in this subfield of intellectual history.' Vernon J. Williams, Jr, American Historical Review

Prefacep. xi
List of abbreviationsp. xiv
Introductionp. 1
Anthropologyp. 13
Constructing a British identityp. 15
Colors into races
A transition to modern British anthropology
The founding fathers
Mummies, bones and stones
The shift in British archaeology
A British glimpse at race relations
American diversityp. 66
Haunted sentinels
European skulls and the primitive mind
The Boasians
American physical anthropology
The politics of coexistence
Dionysia in the Pacific
Biologyp. 135
In search of a biology of racep. 137
The statistician's fable
Race crossing in Jamaica
A Canadian in London: rigid Reginald Ruggles Gates
The limit of traditional reformp. 177
A racist liberal: Julian Huxley's early years
Herbert Spencer Jennings and progressive eugenics
A conservative critique: Raymond Pearl
Bridging race formalism and population genetics
Mitigating racial differencesp. 228
Lancelot Hogben
"Africa view"--Huxley's changing perspectives
J. B. S. Haldane: a defiant aristocrat
Medicine and eugenics: expanding the environment
Eugenics reformed
Politicsp. 277
Confronting racism: scientists as politiciansp. 279
1933--Early hesitations
Britain--Race and Culture Committee
We Europeans
The American scene
An international interlude
The Paris Congress
The population committee
Out of the closet
Epiloguep. 341
Bibliographyp. 347
Indexp. 372
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521458757
ISBN-10: 0521458757
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 396
Published: 15th November 1993
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.63 x 15.11  x 2.16
Weight (kg): 0.56