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The Research Basis for Autism Intervention - Eric Schopler

The Research Basis for Autism Intervention

By: Eric Schopler (Editor), Nurit Yirmiya (Editor), Cory Shulman (Editor), Lee M. Marcus (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 31st August 2001
ISBN: 9780306465857
Number Of Pages: 242

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As the pastPresident ofthe Israel Society forAutism, it gives me great pleasure to c- gratulate Professor Schopler and his colleagues on the publication of their new book concerning the relationship between scientific research and treatment. When we in Israel began our specifically structured education program for young children with autism, our work was based on slim to scarceknow-how andinformation, and with no experience whatsoever. Whatever information we could gather was mostly from psychological educational centers in the U.S. One of the most important and significant connections was established between the TEACCH program of North Carolina, led and conducted by the two important scholars, Professor Eric Schopler and Professor Lee Marcus, and our Israel Society for Autism. During our many encounters, seminars, and conferences, we profited enormously from all their accumulated expertise and scientific research, while perhaps it was also an important experience for them to see how a young society with very limited means was eventually shaping its educational program and arriving at some excellent results. We, ofcourse, have the highest esteem for Governor Hunt who has been following this program with so much attention and support, and we still remember his visit to Israel with distinguished representatives of the TEACCH Program. I wish the new book every success. I know it will be an enormous contribution to all those who must cope with a difficult and painful issue-autism-for whom there is no end to the need for research and continuously improving methods of care and education.

Theoretical and Developmental Framework
Introductionp. 3
Treatment for Autism: From Science to Pseudo-Science or Anti-Sciencep. 9
Historical Backgroundp. 10
Perpetuation of the Research-Clinic Gapp. 11
Bridging the Gap between Research and Servicep. 12
Autism as Spectrum Disorderp. 13
Intervention Spectrump. 14
Bridging the Controlled Research to Service Gapp. 14
Medical Modelp. 15
Habilitation Approachp. 17
The Autism Culturep. 19
Implications for Intervention by Social Policyp. 21
Referencesp. 23
Applying Developmental Principles to the Study of Autismp. 25
Developmental Principles in the Study of Persons with Autismp. 26
Specificity, Normalcy, and Uniqueness: Issues from Psychopathologyp. 32
Conclusions: Implications for Interventionsp. 37
Referencesp. 38
The Otherworldly Gifts of Autism: Mystical Implementation of Facilitated Communication in the Ultra-Orthodox Community in Israelp. 43
The Cultural Construction of Autismp. 43
The Controversy Over Facilitated Communicationp. 44
The Implementation of FC in the Haredi Community in Israelp. 45
The Religious Rationale of FC in the Haredi Contextp. 46
"What Does the Soul Say" in FC Sessions?p. 47
Clinical Implications of Metaphysical FCp. 51
Between Clinical and Metaphysical FCp. 52
Referencesp. 54
Biological Perspectives
Comparison of Siblings of Individuals with Autism and Siblings of Individuals with other Diagnoses: An Empirical Summaryp. 59
Methodp. 61
Resultsp. 64
Discussionp. 68
Implications for Interventionsp. 70
Referencesp. 71
Fragile X Syndrome and Autismp. 75
Fragile X Syndromep. 76
Fragile X Syndrome and Autism: Review of the Literaturep. 77
Studies by the Carolina Fragile X Projectp. 79
Implications for Interventionp. 85
Summary and Future Directionsp. 86
Referencesp. 87
Analysis of Three Coding Region Polymorphisms in Autism: Evidence for an Association with the Serotonin Transporterp. 91
The Organic Basis of Autismp. 91
Genetics and Behavior Genetics of Autismp. 92
Participantsp. 94
Genotypingp. 95
Statistical Methodsp. 95
Results and Discussionp. 95
Clinical Implicationsp. 97
Referencesp. 98
Autism, Stress, and Chromosome 7 Genesp. 103
Autism as a Complex Trait, Candidate Loci, and Genesp. 104
Is Autism Associated with Inherited Impairments in Stress Responses?p. 106
Chromosome 7 and Autismp. 108
Prospectsp. 110
Referencesp. 111
Communication and Social Issues
Communicative Intent in Autismp. 117
Communicative Intent: Definitionp. 118
Communicative Intent: Determining Intentionalityp. 119
Elements of Communicative Intentp. 120
Development of Communicative Intent in Typically Developing Childrenp. 121
Communicative Intent and Autismp. 122
Purpose of the Current Study: Importance of Systematic Proceduresp. 124
Participantsp. 125
Quantitative Aspects of Communicative Intentp. 126
Qualitative Aspects of Communicative Intentp. 127
Summaryp. 128
Possible Subtyping According to Communicative Intentp. 129
Implications for Interventionp. 130
Referencesp. 131
Issues in Early Comprehension Development of Children with Autismp. 135
Speech Perception in Infantsp. 136
Speech Perception in Autismp. 137
Constructing Meaning in Social Interactionsp. 138
Early Strategies for the Social Construction of Meaningp. 139
Deficits in Early Social Construction of Meaning by Children with Autismp. 140
Later Strategies for Constructing Meaning in Social Interactionsp. 143
Cascading Deficits in Construction of Meaning by Children with Autismp. 144
Symbol Formation and Autismp. 144
Implications for Interventionp. 145
Summaryp. 146
Referencesp. 147
The Experience of Loneliness and Friendship in Autism: Theoretical and Practical Issuesp. 151
Loneliness in Typical Development: Conceptual Basisp. 152
Loneliness in Autismp. 152
Friendship in Autismp. 154
Summary and Conclusionsp. 163
Referencesp. 164
Education and Interventions
Issues in Early Diagnosis and Intervention with Young Children with Autismp. 171
Factors in Early Diagnosisp. 172
Intervention Strategies Based on Learning Characteristicsp. 174
Basic Components of a Preschool Programp. 176
Brief Review of Program Modelsp. 178
Examples of Specific Intervention Strategiesp. 179
The Center-Based Early Intervention Demonstration Project for Children with Autismp. 181
Implications for Future Intervention Research and Practicep. 182
Referencesp. 183
Evaluating Treatment Effects for Adolescents and Adults with Autism in Residential Settingsp. 187
Determinants of Outcome Measuresp. 188
Individual/Family/Program Goalsp. 188
Program Evaluation Researchp. 189
Effects of Residential Treatment on Children with Autismp. 191
A Multidimensional Approach to Evaluating a Residential Treatment Program for Adultsp. 191
Conclusions Based on Available Researchp. 194
Methodological Considerationsp. 195
Summaryp. 196
Referencesp. 197
Psychopharmacologic Treatment Studies in Autismp. 199
Criteria for Empirically Supported Treatmentsp. 200
Review of Psychopharmacologic Treatments in Autismp. 203
Referencesp. 214
Sleep Problems in Autismp. 219
Normal Sleepp. 219
Sleep Problems in Childrenp. 222
Sleep Problems in Autismp. 223
The Etiology of Sleep Problems in Autismp. 224
Treatment of Sleep Problems in Autismp. 225
Conclusionsp. 226
Referencesp. 226
Concluding Commentsp. 229
The Developmental Approach in Autismp. 229
The Biological Approach in Autismp. 230
Interventions Based on Research Resultsp. 231
The Multidisciplinary Approach in Autismp. 232
The Cultural Approach in Autismp. 233
Indexp. 235
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306465857
ISBN-10: 030646585X
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 242
Published: 31st August 2001
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.8  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.72