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The Red Soils of China : Their Nature, Management and Utilization - M. J. Wilson

The Red Soils of China

Their Nature, Management and Utilization

By: M. J. Wilson (Editor), Zhenli He (Editor), Xiaoe Yang (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 26th May 2004
ISBN: 9781402021374
Number Of Pages: 400

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The red soils of China are highly weathered, inherently infertile and very susceptible to erosion. However, they represent China's last available soil resource that could be brought into agricultural production, a fact that assumes great importance in view of China's huge and still-increasing population. These soils are typical of similar red soils that occur throughout tropical and sub-tropical South America, Africa and south east Asia, so that if the red soils of China could be successfully utilized then this would have wider implications for agriculture in other countries. Previous attempts to cultivate Chinese red soils have met with little success and it has become apparent that they cannot sustain arable cropping systems without the most careful management. This book describes recent research outlining the physical, chemical and mineralogical nature of the soils, the various constraints that combine to inhibit their practical use, and the traditional and novel approaches that may be used to overcome these constraints. Building upon previous work and using examples from other countries, the book illustrates these approaches, shows appropriate land uses for the red soils of China and how the fertility of the soils evolves with time under these land uses. Whether these technical and scientific advances will be taken up by the Chinese farmer will depend to a large extent on the prevailing socio-economic conditions.

Introduction and backgroundp. 1
The nature, properties, distribution and classification of red soils in China : synopsis and overviewp. 5
Nature and properties of red soils of the worldp. 7
Distribution and classification of red soils in Chinap. 29
Mineralogy of red soils in Southern China in relation to their development and charge characteristicsp. 35
Chemical and physical characteristics of red soils from Zhejiang province, Southern Chinap. 63
Rare earth element (REE) geochemistry during red soil formation in Southern Chinap. 89
Constraints to crop production on the red soils of China : synopsis and overviewp. 101
Chemical soil constraints to crop production on Chinese red soilsp. 103
Climatic constraints to crop production in the red soils area of Southern Chinap. 111
Soil water holding and supplying capacities in the hilly red soils region Southern Chinap. 129
Erosion rates and crop productivity on a red soil experimental site in Yunnan provincep. 137
Soil fertility degradation in eroded hilly red soils of Chinap. 151
Management, utilization and sustainability of red soils in China : overview and synopsisp. 159
Challenges in the management and utilization of red soilsp. 163
Physiological and genetic aspects of crop plant adaptation to elemental stresses in acid soilsp. 171
Response of upland rice genotypes to soil acidityp. 219
Simulation research on water balance and optimal irrigation in crop fields in a hilly red soils region of Southern Chinap. 239
Acid tolerance of some forage grasses and effects of phosphate, potassium and magnesium application on their growthp. 249
Effect of P fertilizer and lime applications on growth of annual ryegrass on acid red soilsp. 255
The development of sustainable cropping systems on red soils in the highlands of South Chinap. 261
Effects of land use on the chemical and physical properties of red soilsp. 275
Effects of organic matter amendment on nitrogen utilization and transformation in red soils using [superscript 15]N tracer techniquep. 283
Effect of organic matter amendment on uptake of inorganic P by ryegrass and transformation dynamics of phosphorus from [superscript 32]P labelled ryegrass in red soilp. 295
Effects of pH on microbial biomass -C, and -P in red soilsp. 307
Effect of land use on microbial biomass -C, -N and -P in red soilsp. 315
Dynamics of substrate utilization pattern in red soils : an indicator of soil quality changesp. 323
Soil acidification under tea bushes and its influence on the biological characteristics of a red soilp. 331
Socio-economic aspects of red soil utilization and the application of new technologies : synopsis and overviewp. 347
A socio-economic study of Kelang village in Yunnan province in relation to uptake by farmers of improved management practices of red soils in Chinap. 349
Establishment and application of an integrated red soils resource information system (ISIRS) for hilly ultisols in Chinap. 369
Integration of a soil information system and optimum tree cluster for agricultural regionalizationp. 377
Conclusionsp. 385
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402021374
ISBN-10: 1402021372
Series: Cancer Treatment & Research S
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 400
Published: 26th May 2004
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.95