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The Psychology of Food and Eating : A Fresh Approach to Theory and Method - John L. Smith

The Psychology of Food and Eating

A Fresh Approach to Theory and Method

Paperback

Published: 5th December 2001
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There has long been an interest in food among psychologists across the full range of the discipline, from the physiology of hunger and the psychophysics of taste and smell to the development of food preferences and the social psychology of food-related behaviour and attitudes. In this new text, John L. Smith takes a much-needed broad view of the field, bringing together physiological research, psychodynamic theory, and sociological perspectives in a way that both celebrates their differences and explores their potential fusion.

The Psychology of Food and Eating provides more than a 'dry' decontextualised physiological explanation of food and eating. It moves on to enable students to see food in its wider context in terms of everyday life and real routines. It provides an overview of social scientific approaches to the study of food (biosocial, socioanthropological, structural, feminist/psychodynamic) and an appreciation of the various ways that social psychological perspectives can be applied to real-life contexts.

With its detailed (and almost confessional) account of the research process, students will gain an insider's perspective on how observational and idiographic techniques are deployed in practice in everyday settings. The book will prove of interest not only to students and researchers on health psychology, applied psychology and critical psychology courses, but also to all those looking for a really accessible introduction to contemporary alternatives to the more conventional research techniques used in this field.

'John Smith's The Psychology of Food and Eating takes us on a delicious journey through a range of social psychological research on eating...and focuses on how different methodologies may provide a more experiential and reflexive understanding of our eating practices...Useful for both undergraduate students and those more familiar or experienced in food research. It allows us to question the methods we use, and opens up debate on the future of food and eating research.' - Sally Wilkins, Social Psychological Review

List of Tables and Figuresp. x
Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgementsp. xviii
Introductionp. 1
Babies and Mother's Milkp. 2
Children and Foodp. 6
Attitudinal and Cognitive Basis in Choice of Dish and/or Menup. 10
Faminep. 13
Poverty and Malnutritionp. 17
Plan of the Bookp. 21
Focus on Theory
Non-Biological Perspectivesp. 27
Psychoanalytic Theory and the Good Breast (Freud and Klein)p. 28
Structuralism and the Culinary Triangle (Levi-Strauss)p. 31
Food Codes and the Grammar of Eating (Douglas)p. 34
The Semiology of Food and Cooking (Barthes)p. 37
The Sociology of Contemporary Food Consumption (Warde)p. 40
Food Consumption, Class, and Cultural Capital (Bourdieu)p. 42
Conclusionp. 46
Hunger, Flavour, Digestion and Kitchen Chemistryp. 48
Hungerp. 49
Stomach distensionp. 49
Homeostatic mechanism in the bloodp. 50
Hypothalamus as centre for controlp. 51
Neuropeptide Y and obese gene productp. 53
Satiety signalsp. 53
The Biochemistry of Flavourp. 54
Tastep. 54
Smellp. 57
Digestionp. 60
Kitchen Chemistryp. 63
Case Study: A Simple Lunch at Homep. 66
Concluding Discussionp. 71
Eating Disorders: The Feminist, Control and Biomedical Discoursesp. 74
Anorexia Nervosap. 75
The Feminist Discoursep. 76
Post-structuralist, Lacanian discoursep. 76
Conversations with anorexic women: Malson's analysisp. 82
Orbach on female fatnessp. 84
The Discourse of Controlp. 89
The Biomedical Discoursep. 98
Concluding Remarksp. 101
Post-Positivist Research Reports
Dinner Party (Agentic Participant Observation Case Study)p. 107
A-priori Hierarchical Analysis of the Dinner Party Episodep. 108
Task and critical path analysisp. 109
Dramatis Personaep. 110
Conceptionp. 112
Advanced Preparationp. 120
Penultimate Choresp. 123
The Home Stretchp. 127
Main Dinnerp. 132
End Gamep. 138
Planning and Scheduling Issuesp. 140
Conclusionp. 145
Eating Out in a Small Way (Idiographic Observation)p. 147
EO1: Self-Service Lunch at a Vegetarian Restaurant in Central Londonp. 149
EO2: Afternoon Snack in the Food Court of a Small Shopping Mall in Central Londonp. 154
EO3: English Breakfast in a Central London Hotelp. 160
EO4: Lunchtime Sandwich at a Riverside Pub in Sunderlandp. 163
EO5: Lunch at an In-Store Cafeteria in Sunderland City Centrep. 166
Conclusionp. 170
Food Discourse (Magazines and Cook Books)p. 173
Introductionp. 173
Women's Magazinesp. 174
Elle (September 2000)p. 174
Cosmopolitan (September 2000)p. 180
Good Housekeeping (September 2000)p. 181
Cook Booksp. 186
Concluding Commentsp. 192
Conclusionp. 194
Discourse Matrixp. 195
Preliminary Introduction to Hermeneuticsp. 200
Food Texts and Hermeneuticsp. 202
Future Directionsp. 208
Recipe for Potage au Potiron (Pumpkin Soup) (Grigson, 1980)p. 214
Recipe for Gorgonzola Cheese and Apple Strudel with Spiced Pickled Pears (D. Smith, 1995)p. 214
Recipes for Chocolate Chestnut Pave and Chantilly Cream (Willan, 1989)p. 217
Costings for Dinner Partyp. 219
Bibliographyp. 221
Name Indexp. 230
Subject Indexp. 234
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780333800218
ISBN-10: 0333800214
Series: Fresh Approach to Theory and Method
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 235
Published: 5th December 2001
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.0 x 14.0  x 1.5
Weight (kg): 0.33
Edition Number: 1