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The Press in the Arab Middle East : A History - Ami Ayalon

The Press in the Arab Middle East

A History

Hardcover Published: 1st January 1995
ISBN: 9780195087802
Number Of Pages: 314

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Newspapers and the practice of journalism began in the Middle East in the nineteenth century and evolved during a period of accelerated sociopolitical and cultural change. Inspired by a foreign model, the Arab press developed in its own way, in terms of its political and social roles, cultural function, and the public image of those who engaged in it. Ami Ayalon draws on a broad array of primary sources--a century of Arabic newspapers, biographies and memoirs of Arab journalists and politicians, and archival material--as well as a large body of published studies, to portray the remarkable vitality of Arab journalism. He explores the press as a Middle Eastern institution during its formative century before World War II and the circumstances that shaped its growth, tracing its impact, in turn, on local historical developments. After treating the major phases in chronological sequence, he looks closely at more specific aspects: the relations between press and state; newspapers and their audience; the press and traditional cultural norms; economic aspects of the trade; and journalism as a new profession in Arab society.

"Contains a wealth of information on the nature, development, and progress of this rarefied topic in historical scholarship....This competently researched, very well written, and elegantly produced study throws bright light on its subject matter, not only as a particular item in the inventory of Arab culture, but also as an institution that exists within overall socio-political and economic systems of varied though closely related polities....Wholeheartedly recommended."--Choice "This is the first book-length study in English about the subject...this is a very well-researched book, valuable for its substantive analyses, organization, and exhaustive bibliography. Compared with other studies in Western languages on the subject, it is a big step forward."--International Journal of Middle East Studies "...Ayalon provides us with a much-needed general survey of the press in the Arab world and also with much detail on individual newspapers and journalists...Ayalon shows an admirable mastery of his subject...This is a work that will be much referred to by students and scholars in years to come."--American Historical Review "...this is a well written book with a wealth of information"--Journal of Palestine Studies "Anyone with an interest in the media and politics in the Middle East will treasure Ayalon's thorough history of the rise of print media in the Arab world...Scholars will want this book in their personal libraries..."--Religious Studies Review "Contains a wealth of information on the nature, development, and progress of this rarefied topic in historical scholarship....This competently researched, very well written, and elegantly produced study throws bright light on its subject matter, not only as a particular item in the inventory of Arab culture, but also as an institution that exists within overall socio-political and economic systems of varied though closely related polities....Wholeheartedly recommended."--Choice "This is the first book-length study in English about the subject...this is a very well-researched book, valuable for its substantive analyses, organization, and exhaustive bibliography. Compared with other studies in Western languages on the subject, it is a big step forward."--International Journal of Middle East Studies "...Ayalon provides us with a much-needed general survey of the press in the Arab world and also with much detail on individual newspapers and journalists...Ayalon shows an admirable mastery of his subject...This is a work that will be much referred to by students and scholars in years to come."--American Historical Review "...this is a well written book with a wealth of information"--Journal of Palestine Studies "Anyone with an interest in the media and politics in the Middle East will treasure Ayalon's thorough history of the rise of print media in the Arab world...Scholars will want this book in their personal libraries..."--Religious Studies Review

Abbreviationsp. ix
Introductionp. 3
Historical Phases
State Bulletins: Pronouncing the Official Truthp. 11
"Egyptian Events,"p. 13
The Official Ottoman Pressp. 20
Enthusiastic Beginnings: The Private Press, 1855-1882p. 28
The Private Press in Lebanonp. 31
Egypt: The Focus Moves Westp. 39
Europe, the Convenient Refugep. 46
The Private Press, 1882-1918p. 50
Egypt, the Capital of Arab Journalismp. 51
The Fertile Crescent and the Hejaz: Beginningsp. 62
Wartime Exigenciesp. 69
The Arab States and the Press, 1918-1945p. 73
Egyptp. 75
Syria and Lebanonp. 82
Iraqp. 91
Palestinep. 95
The Journalistic Periphery: Transjordan and the Arabian Peninsulap. 101
The End of an Erap. 104
Aspects of Development
Press, State, and the Question of Freedomp. 109
State and Press: The Stick and the Carrotp. 110
Journalists and Freedomp. 126
The Readerp. 138
Cultural Determinantsp. 138
Circulationp. 145
Popular Exposure to the Pressp. 154
Press and Readershipp. 159
Cultural Legacy and the Challenge of the Pressp. 166
Printing and the Guardians of Old Valuesp. 166
Newspapers and Traditional Literary Normsp. 173
The Vocabulary of the Pressp. 182
The Economic Angle: The Press as Merchandise and as Enterprisep. 190
The Press as Merchandisep. 190
The Press as Enterprise: Starting Upp. 195
Sources of Income: Advertisingp. 202
Sources of Income: Circulationp. 206
Sources of Income: Subsidizationp. 211
The Craft of the Arab Journalistp. 215
Lure and Frustrationp. 216
Toward Professionalismp. 223
Kurd 'Ali, Yusuf, Musa, Istanbulip. 230
Conclusionp. 243
Notesp. 247
Referencesp. 275
Indexp. 289
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195087802
ISBN-10: 0195087801
Series: Studies in Middle Eastern History
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 314
Published: 1st January 1995
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.4 x 16.5  x 2.6
Weight (kg): 0.65