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The Politics of Local Government in Russia - Alfred B. Evans

The Politics of Local Government in Russia

By: Alfred B. Evans (Editor), Vladimir Gel'man (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 3rd June 2004
ISBN: 9780742524798
Number Of Pages: 308

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According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, adopted in 1993, local autonomy is one of the fundamental principles of the constitutional system. The Politics of Local Government in Russia aims to provide a dedicated and comprehensive discussion of the pursuit of local self-government in contemporary Russia where "local" refers to the third tier of government, beyond federal and regional. Some of the ablest scholars in the field focus on the existing institutional and social climate for municipal and district level government in Russia while placing recent reforms in a comparative and historical perspective.

The essays in this volume start with the understanding that the project of post-Soviet municipal reform in Russia has failed. There is a sharp contrast between the stated principles of local autonomy and democracy and the realities of impoverished municipalities with ruling 'political machines' in Russia. The individual papers explore two dimensions of this failure. Three essays focus on the possibility of building local politics based on the past experience of the tsarist local government reforms of thelate 19th century. Seven essays focus on various aspects of local government in contemporary Russia: the role of the central and regional governments in limiting the development of local autonomy and democratization; local budget crises caused by transferof responsibilities from higher levels of government and enterprises, without an appropriate tax base; the unique challenges in local government in 'company towns;' the special case of Moscow. A concluding chapter describes Vladimir Putin's proposed reforms of local government and assesses their potential impact, concluding that the degree of independence of local governments will decrease as the national executive leadership consolidates its control over the hierarchy of administration. Recommended. Upp -- D. V. Schwartz, University of Toronto * CHOICE *
The Politics of Local Government in Russia is a valuable contribution to the study of contemporary Russian politics. -- Bryon J. Moraski, University of Florida
The fundamental question driving The Politics of Local Government in Russia is 'Why have ideas of local autonomy and local democracy...failed to take root successfully in Russian soil?' The editors bring together a number of esteemed scholars to answer this question, each of whom delve into different pieces of the puzzle. . . . A valuable contribution to the study of contemporary Russian politics. Its focus on how local governments evolve in a post-authoritarian context also makes it important to the broader field of comparative democratization. -- Bryon J. Moraski, University of Florida * The Russian Review *
The Politics of Local Government in Russia makes a positive contribution to the understanding of this multi-dimensional subject and is necessary reading for scholars of Russian local government.( -- W. T. Westwater, University of Birmingham * Seer *
A timely and useful addition to the market. -- Derek S. Hutcheson * Europe-Asia Studies *
The essays in this volume start with the understanding that the project of post-Soviet municipal reform in Russia has failed. There is a sharp contrast between the stated principles of local autonomy and democracy and the realities of impoverished municipalities with ruling 'political machines' in Russia. The individual papers explore two dimensions of this failure. Three essays focus on the possibility of building local politics based on the past experience of the tsarist local government reforms of the late 19th century. Seven essays focus on various aspects of local government in contemporary Russia: the role of the central and regional governments in limiting the development of local autonomy and democratization; local budget crises caused by transfer of responsibilities from higher levels of government and enterprises, without an appropriate tax base; the unique challenges in local government in 'company towns;' the special case of Moscow. A concluding chapter describes Vladimir Putin's proposed reforms of local government and assesses their potential impact, concluding that the degree of independence of local governments will decrease as the national executive leadership consolidates its control over the hierarchy of administration. Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above. -- D. V. Schwartz, University of Toronto * CHOICE *

Acknowledgmentsp. vii
Introduction: The Politics of Local Government in Russia: A Framework for Analysisp. 1
Historical Roots
The Zemstvo Reconsideredp. 19
Ministerial Conflict and the Politics of Zemstvo Reform, 1864-1905p. 45
Contemporary Russian Scholars' Changing Views on Local Government in Late Tsarist Russiap. 68
Local Government and Post-Soviet Politics
Federal Policies toward Local Government in Russia: The Process of Institution Buildingp. 85
Institution Building of Local Self-Government in Russia: Between Legal Design and Power Politicsp. 104
Local Budgets and Intergovernmental Finance in the Russian Federationp. 128
Local Government in Russia's Regions
Governors versus Mayors: The Regional Dimension of Russian Local Governmentp. 145
Regional Politics and Municipal Building: The Reshuffling of Local Chief Administrators in Russia, 1990-1996p. 169
The Moscow Political Regime: The Emergence of a New Urban Political Machinep. 203
Energy Development and Local Government in Western Siberiap. 235
Conclusion: Toward a New Politics of Local Government in Russiap. 274
Indexp. 288
About the Contributorsp. 299
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780742524798
ISBN-10: 0742524795
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 308
Published: 3rd June 2004
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.62 x 15.19  x 2.67
Weight (kg): 0.62