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The Physics of Low-dimensional Semiconductors : An Introduction - John H. Davies

The Physics of Low-dimensional Semiconductors

An Introduction

Hardcover Published: 13th December 1997
ISBN: 9780521481489
Number Of Pages: 458

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The composition of modern semiconductor heterostructures can be controlled precisely on the atomic scale to create low-dimensional systems. These systems have revolutionised semiconductor physics, and their impact on technology, particularly for semiconductor lasers and ultrafast transistors, is widespread and burgeoning. This book provides an introduction to the general principles that underlie low-dimensional semiconductors. As far as possible, simple physical explanations are used, with reference to examples from actual devices. The author shows how, beginning with fundamental results from quantum mechanics and solid-state physics, a formalism can be developed that describes the properties of low-dimensional semiconductor systems. Among numerous examples, two key systems are studied in detail: the two-dimensional electron gas, employed in field-effect transistors, and the quantum well, whose optical properties find application in lasers and other opto-electronic devices. The book includes many exercises and will be invaluable to undergraduate and first-year graduate physics or electrical engineering students taking courses in low-dimensional systems or heterostructure device physics.

Preface
Introduction
Foundations
Electrons and phonons in crystals
Heterostructures
Quantum wells and low-dimensional systems
Tunnelling transport
Electric and magnetic fields
Approximate methods
Scattering rates: the Golden Rule
The two-dimensional electron gas
Optical properties of quantum wells
Table of physical constants
Properties of important semiconductors
Properties of GaAs-AlAs alloys at room temperature
Hermite's equation: harmonic oscillator
Airy functions: triangular well
Kramers-Kronig relations and response functions
Bibliography
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521481489
ISBN-10: 0521481481
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 458
Published: 13th December 1997
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.01