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The Phonology of Romanian : A Constraint-Based Approach - Ioana Chitoran

The Phonology of Romanian

A Constraint-Based Approach

Hardcover Published: 1st January 2002
ISBN: 9783110167665
Number Of Pages: 287
For Ages: 22+ years old

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This book provides the first systematic descriptive analysis of the phonological system of Romanian, one of the less studied Romance languages, from the perspective of recent phonological theory. The author offers an account of some of the major phonological processes of modern standard Romanian, set in the framework of Optimality Theory and Correspondence Theory.

The book begins with an overview of Romanian phonology - segment inventory, phonotactics, inflectional and derivational morphology. The main part of the study focuses on processes involving vocalic segments: glide-vowel and diphthong-vowel alternations, vowel harmony, palatalization. The major issues addressed include feature theory, syllable structure, metrical structure and stress, the interaction between phonology and morphology. Acoustic phonetic data is used as supporting evidence for the phonological patterning of diphthongs and glide-vowel sequences. Interesting complexities of the system are pointed out and discussed, as they pose certain challenges to the theoretical model.

The book contains an abundance of systematically organized data, which makes it a solid reference for students and scholars of general and Romance phonology, and a strong basis for further study.

"In brief, the Romanian data provide fascinating and substantial fodder for our continuing investigation of the contents of the phonological component of the human language faculty, and Chitoran has done the field a service by making such a large and comprehensive body of data available in a single place."Bert Vaux in: Phonology 23/2006

Abbreviations and symbolsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Overview of Romanian phonology and morphologyp. 7
The phoneme inventoryp. 7
Phonotacticsp. 12
Syllable structurep. 19
The representation of diphthongsp. 21
The structure of the Romanian vocabularyp. 27
Inflectional and derivational morphologyp. 32
Inflectionsp. 35
Derivationsp. 44
Summaryp. 49
The stress systemp. 51
Primary stress in verbsp. 53
First and fourth conjugation verbsp. 54
Third conjugation verbsp. 66
Lexically marked exceptionsp. 70
Primary stress in nouns and adjectivesp. 75
Monomorphemic words: the unmarked patternp. 75
Monomorphemic nouns and adjectives: the marked patternp. 81
Morphologically complex wordsp. 83
Secondary stressp. 86
Summaryp. 91
Hiatus resolutionp. 95
Vowel features and the representation of epenthetic glidesp. 96
The quality of the epenthetic glidep. 103
Stress-dependent patternsp. 110
Surface hiatusp. 120
Summaryp. 124
High vowel--glide alternationsp. 127
Word-initial glidesp. 128
Word-internal postvocalic glidesp. 131
Word-final postvocalic glidesp. 133
Underlying sequences of three vowelsp. 142
Central vowels and place harmonyp. 144
Summaryp. 149
Post-consonantal glides and palatalizationp. 151
Post-consonantal glides and place co-occurrence restrictionsp. 152
Glides in morphologically derived formsp. 164
Phonological and morphological palatalizationp. 173
Velar palatalizationp. 178
Morphological palatalizationp. 185
Summaryp. 198
The diphthongs ea, oa and mid-low vowel alternationsp. 201
Data and previous analysesp. 203
Vowel height and stressp. 209
The phonological conditioning of mid-low vowel alternationsp. 213
The phonological behavior of ea and oap. 213
The phonological behavior of the low vowel ap. 222
The morphological conditioning of mid-low vowel alternationsp. 225
Morphologization and morphologically specific constraintsp. 232
Acoustic properties of the diphthongsp. 243
Summaryp. 250
Conclusions and issues for further researchp. 253
Stress patternsp. 259
Referencesp. 265
Indexp. 275
Index of constraintsp. 277
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783110167665
ISBN-10: 3110167662
Series: Sammlung Goschen
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 287
Published: 1st January 2002
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.52 x 16.36  x 2.06
Weight (kg): 0.53