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The Person and the Common Life : Studies in a Husserlian Social Ethics - J. G. Hart

The Person and the Common Life

Studies in a Husserlian Social Ethics

Hardcover Published: 31st October 1992
ISBN: 9780792317241
Number Of Pages: 488

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What follows attempts to synthesize Husserl's social ethics and to integrate the themes of this topic into his larger philosophical concerns. Chapter I proceeds with the hypothesis that Husser! believed that all of life could be examined and lived by the transcendental phenomenologist, and therefore action was not something which one did isolated from one's commitment to being philosophical within the noetic-noematic field. Therefore besides attempting to be clear about the meaning of the reduction it relates the reduction to ethical life. Chapter II shows that the agent, properly understood, i. e. , the person, is a moral theme, indeed, reflection on the person involves an ethical reduction which leads into the essentials of moral categoriality, the topic of Chapter IV. Chapter III mediates the transcendental ego, individual person, and the social matrix by showing how the common life comes about and what the constitutive processes and ingredients of this life are. It also shows how the foundations of this life are imbued with themes which adumbrate moral categoriality discussed in Chapter IV. The final Chapters, V and VI, articulate the communitarian ideal, "the godly person of a higher order," emergent in Chapters II, III and IV, in terms of social-political and theological specifications of what this "godly" life looks like.

Preface
The Transcendental Reduction and Ethics
The Likeness of Die Mutterp. 1
A Sketch of the Essence and Technique of the Epochep. 5
Egology and Phenomenologyp. 10
Phenomenology as Creation Narrativep. 14
The Practical Sense of Theoryp. 17
Excursus: The Foundationalism of the Claim of an Original Self-Presencep. 23
The Ethical Reductionp. 26
The Ethical and Transcendental Reductionsp. 30
The Ethics of the Transcendental Reductionp. 32
The Ethical Life and the Transcendental Attitudep. 35
The Reduction and Political Philosophyp. 41
Notesp. 44
The Adventure of Being a Person
Ritter, Tod, und Teufelp. 50
The Coming-to-be of Persons through Position-Takingsp. 52
Position-Taking "Acts" as Constitutive and Revelatory I-Me Actsp. 62
Further Questions on the Egological Involvement in Position-Takingsp. 65
The Personal Core and the Emergence of an Ideal Position-Takingp. 70
The Reasons of the Heartp. 76
An Outline of a Theory of Willp. 85
Freedom within the World-Lifep. 94
The Temporality of Willingp. 99
Some Aspects of Moral Wakefulnessp. 102
Will, Relevance, and Wakefulnessp. 106
Will and Characterp. 110
Radical Evil as the Sag in Wakefulness: A Doctrinal Excursusp. 115
Some Problems of Being True to Oneselfp. 124
Risk and the Imperious Elan Vitalp. 131
Excursus: Contextualism and Radical Choicep. 137
Summary and Prospectusp. 142
Notesp. 146
The Common Life and the Formation of "We"
Introductionp. 155
Transcendental and Non-Transcendental References of "I"p. 156
A Husserlian Meditation on Tugendhat's Critique of a Trans-Mundane "I"p. 160
Husserl's Founding of the Prior Space-Time Contextp. 165
The Common World and the Occasionalsp. 173
Preliminaries on the Knowledge of Other Mindsp. 175
The Other is the First Personal "I"p. 179
The Instinctual Foundation of Empathy: Lipps' Positionp. 180
Theories of the Psycho-Physical Indifference of the Knowledge of Others: Plessner, Harlan, and Schelerp. 181
Methodological Significance of the Introduction of Instinctp. 184
General Features of a Transcendental Phenomenological Theory of Instinctp. 186
A "Likely Story" about the Original Presence of the Otherp. 190
The Face and Bodily Contact as Foundational Themesp. 193
Analogy Between Retention and the Original Instinctual Presence of the Otherp. 197
The "Likely Story" Continued: The Originating Gracious Presence of the Otherp. 198
The Actualization of "I"p. 206
The Emergence of the Primal Latent "We"p. 209
The Primal Latent "We" as the Correlate of the World's Publicityp. 212
The Primal Latent "We" as the Universal Frame and Telos of Particular Communitiesp. 216
The Analogy and Teleology of Love: Some Preliminariesp. 224
"Respect" and Empathy: Kant, Lewis, et aliip. 229
The Analogy of Love Continuedp. 239
The Common Lifep. 247
Solidarity and Responsibility in the Common Lifep. 252
The "We" of the Common Life as an Analogous Personp. 255
"We" as an Analogous "I" is not Absolute Spiritp. 264
The Problem of the Self-Consciousness of the Personality of a Higher Orderp. 269
Notesp. 275
The Absolute Ought and the Godly Person of a Higher Order
Introductionp. 284
A Theory of Consciencep. 285
The Human Career: A Theory of Vocationp. 288
Excursus on Hauerwas and MacIntyrep. 289
A Theory of Vocation Continuedp. 294
Categorical Features of the Absolute Oughtp. 296
Moral Categoriality: Preliminary Considerationsp. 300
Moral Categoriality: Husserl and Sokolowskip. 303
Toward a Synthesisp. 309
Excursus: Husserl's Progressivism and Maximalismp. 312
Categorial Features of the Absolute Ought Continuedp. 320
The Divine Calling as "the Truth of Will"p. 324
The Call to be Godly Members of a Divine Person of a Higher Orderp. 330
Some Historical Parallelsp. 339
The Absolute Ought as Universal Ethical Lovep. 341
The Problem of the Trans-Personality and the Ideal Communalization of Perspectives: Nagel and Sellarsp. 345
Ethical "Monologism"p. 350
The Ideal of the Communalization of Perspectives: Findlay and Lewisp. 357
The Problem of the Hiddenness of the Divine Ideal of Communalizationp. 359
Summaryp. 363
Notesp. 364
The Political Life of the Godly Person of a Higher Order
The Pre-political Communitiesp. 370
A Sketch of the Essence of the Polisp. 373
The "Community of the State"p. 384
The Foundation of the Emergence of the Statist Perspectivep. 388
The Inauthenticity and Despotism of the Statist Mode of Being-in-the-Worldp. 390
Excursus: Charles Taylor's Hegelp. 396
Fichte on the Statep. 397
The Estate of Philosophers and the Polisp. 399
Schuhmann on Husserl's Theory of the Statep. 403
The Qualitative Issue of Sizep. 404
Authentic Culture and the Human Scalep. 407
Regionalism and Decentralizationp. 412
The Task of Authentic Culturep. 416
Notesp. 416
The Common Good of the Common Life of the Godly Person of a Higher Order
Introductionp. 420
Contrast with Hermann Cohen's Philosophical Messianismp. 421
Contrast with Christological Metaphysicsp. 429
Summaryp. 437
Constituent Senses of the Common Good: Form, Focus and Conditionp. 439
Some Reluctant Affirmations of the Common Goodp. 441
First and Second Senses of the Common Goodp. 444
The Third Sense of the Common Goodp. 446
Rights and Laws as Constitutive Focal Senses of the Common Goodp. 447
The Common Goods Which are the Stuff and Grace of the Common Lifep. 452
The Goods of Appropriate Activitiesp. 454
The Commonly Necessary Goods Which are Indivisiblep. 456
The Commonly Necessary Material Goods and Conditionsp. 458
Conclusion: The Splendor and Tragedy of the Commonsp. 460
Notesp. 462
Bibliographyp. 468
Indexp. 476
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792317241
ISBN-10: 0792317246
Series: Phaenomenologica
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 488
Published: 31st October 1992
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.49  x 2.87
Weight (kg): 1.95

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