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The Optional Society : An Essay on Economic Choice and Bargains of Communication in an Affluent World - Folke Dovring

The Optional Society

An Essay on Economic Choice and Bargains of Communication in an Affluent World

By: Folke Dovring (Editor)

Paperback Published: 1st July 1972
ISBN: 9789024712786
Number Of Pages: 107

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Long before today's electronic media made us aware of articulate "world opinions" across the globe, there were other dramatic international com­ munications. One current of opinion was expressed by the many gener­ ations of different nationalities who "voted with their feet" and settled down in North America. To them and to many others, the hallmark of the United States since the beginning of the republic was the freedom of choice for common people. This image was inspiring enough to build up the free institutions which together with the country's open frontiers broke the hold of mass poverty. So, options brought to the masses are America's trademark in human civilization. Nowadays, when advanced industrialization and electronic media are penetrating the world and opening new frontiers everywhere, the chal­ lenge from the optional society - often called "Americanization" - be­ comes a source of global competition, imitation or opposition and shapes the profile of our time. What is the character of this new optional society so early displayed in the United States but today emerging in many other countries and com­ municated wherever nations confront socio-economic problems of their own? Can analysis of its economics and communications reveal its inter­ national message? More than two decades of research in those fields and our experience as Americans by choice have made us try.

1. The Key Word is Choice.- 2. Productivity, Luxury, and Poverty.- Productivity.- Acceleration.- Luxury.- Poverty.- 3. Competition in the Market Place.- Materials.- Gadgets.- Purposes.- News and entertainment.- Competition within firms and bureaucracies.- Options for jobs and careers.- 4. Odds against Equality: the Competition for Money, Freedom and Power.- Reasons for the degree of equality.- The very rich.- The poor in America.- Productivity and incomes.- International sharing.- The foreign accent in international relations.- Communication as income.- Power as income.- 5. The Political Arena: Options at Home and Abroad.- Alternatives of economic organization.- Some "isms" in competition.- The balance of order and freedom.- The power instinct.- Public diplomacy.- Package deals, propaganda, and loss of options.- 6. The Urge to Conform.- Communication and social conformity.- The industrial pressure.- The lock-in systems.- Imitating the rich and the powerful.- The American suburb - at home and abroad.- 7. Addiction, Drop-Outs, and Non-Involvement.- Physical poisons.- Monotony.- Drop-outs.- Flight from communication.- Non-involvement.- 8. A Balance Sheet.

ISBN: 9789024712786
ISBN-10: 9024712785
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 107
Published: 1st July 1972
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 0.64
Weight (kg): 0.18

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