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The Occult in Early Modern Europe : A Documentary History - P. G. Maxwell-Stuart

The Occult in Early Modern Europe

A Documentary History

Hardcover Published: 2nd February 1999
ISBN: 9780333688144
Number Of Pages: 264

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Witchcraft and the occult sciences are areas which have benefited enormously from the spread of more sophisticated cultural studies in recent years. The old debate as to whether or not witches were really believed to exist has collapsed in the face of the overwhelming bodies of evidence suggesting a genuine and widespread acceptance of the occult in a notionally Christian Europe.
This excellent and wide-ranging documentary anthology shows the genuinely pan-European nature of the phenomenon, its spread through all classes and its importance in people's thinking about the natural world. It covers magic, witchcraft, astrology, alchemy and other related occult themes and presents them, not as disparate elements of folkloric belief and intellectual aberrations, but as parts of a coherent, intellectually rigorous and scientifically challenging world-view, consistently argued in accordance with its given basic principles. This collection is drawn from a very wide range of authors from the early modern period and includes many newly translated documents which appear in English here for the first time.

Industry Reviews

'This is an excellent collection of sources which documents the extraordinary interest in what we now call occult studies or occult sciences in the Early Modern period...' - Paregon 'Tommaso Campanella, Paaracelsus, Pierre Bayle, Jean Bodin, Spinoza, and many others are represented in this well-structured and informative anthology.' - International Review of Biblical Studies 'An interesting collection of documents which give access to significant historical source material.' - Tim Megarry, University of Greenwich

Introductionp. 1
A World of Signs and Spiritsp. 5
Signs and Portentsp. 5
Francisco Torreblanca Villalpando: natural divinationp. 5
Melanchthon on predictionsp. 6
Luther on natural signsp. 7
Tommaso Campanella on cometsp. 8
Tycho Brahe: cometsp. 8
Erasmus Bartholinus: reactions to a total eclipse of the sunp. 9
Madame de Sevigne: Letter, 2 January 1681p. 9
Pierre Bayle: reactions to an eclipsep. 10
Journal of a Parisian bourgeois: January 1517p. 11
Pierre Boaistuau: a monster from Polandp. 11
Luther: how unborn children are affected by what their mothers seep. 12
Paracelsus: the causes of monstrous births and physical marksp. 12
A miracle by the holy crucifix of Burgosp. 13
Journal of a Parisian bourgeois: two miraculous incidents (1516, 1522)p. 14
Dreamsp. 15
Girolamo Cardano on the significance of dreamsp. 15
Cornelius Agrippa on dreams and dreamersp. 16
Girolamo Cardano: how dreams workp. 17
Luther on sleep-walkersp. 18
Martino Del Rio: dreams may be sent by the Devilp. 18
Willibald Pirckheimer to Varnbuhler (1522)p. 19
Albrecht Durer: a frightening dreamp. 19
Techniques of Divination and Interpretationp. 20
Nostradamus: (a) his technique, (b) a prophecyp. 20
Girolamo Cardano looks back on his occult studiesp. 21
Martino Del Rio on physiognomyp. 22
Giovanni Indagine on the facep. 23
Paracelsus: character from a study of the facep. 24
Ciro Spontone on metoposcopyp. 25
Girolamo Cardano on the lines of the foreheadp. 26
Bartolomeo della Rocca: planetary signs on the handp. 28
Martino Del Rio on visions in a fingernailp. 29
Paracelsus: various types of divinationp. 29
Jean Bodin on forms on divinationp. 30
Francisco Torreblanca Villalpando on the notory and the Pauline artsp. 31
Ghostsp. 32
Girolamo Cardano's experience of a ghostp. 33
Girolamo Cardano: his father's encounter with a ghostp. 34
Spiritsp. 36
Petrus Thyraeus: various types of spiritsp. 36
Ludovicus Lavater: the reality of spiritsp. 37
Johannes Reuchlin: angels and evil spiritsp. 39
George Agricola on spirits in minesp. 40
Jean Bodin: spirits are innumerablep. 41
Girolamo Cardano on extraordinary sightsp. 41
Martino Del Rio: spirits imprisoned in material objectsp. 42
Girolamo Cardano's father kept a spirit as a servantp. 42
Noel Taillepied: Luther's demonic conception and later possessionp. 43
Possession and Exorcismp. 43
Melanchthon: (a) a girl possessed by a spirit, (b) a werewolfp. 44
Martino Del Rio: an incident of possessionp. 45
Girolamo Menghi on those who deny that people are possessedp. 46
Zacharias Vicecomes: signs of possessionp. 46
Francois Perreaud: how to defend oneself against evil spiritsp. 48
Anti-Jesuit parody of exorcismp. 50
Girolamo Menghi: part of an exorcismp. 51
Martino Del Rio's account of a lengthy exorcismp. 52
Zacharias Vicecomes: signs which show the evil spirit has gonep. 57
Antonio Possevino: Letter to the Duke of Mantua (1585)p. 58
Superstitionp. 58
Sixtus V's Bull against the magical arts (1586)p. 59
Carolus de Baucius on types of superstitionp. 60
Bishop of Burgos: superstitions in the Massp. 61
Bishop of Segovia: superstition at funeralsp. 62
Bishop of Mondonedo: superstition at a deathbedp. 62
Antonio Possevino on Estonian superstitionsp. 63
Bishop of Mondonedo: how to test one's wife's faithfulnessp. 63
Synod report from Cora-Caceres (1537)p. 63
Bishop of Leon: superstitious cures of the sickp. 64
Manuel do Valle de Moura on spellsp. 64
J. G. Frazer: a midsummer superstitionp. 65
Astrologyp. 66
Definitionsp. 66
Girolamo Cardano: astronomy and astrologyp. 68
Martino Del Rio: the different types of astrologyp. 68
Tommaso Campanella: judicial astrologyp. 70
The Influence of the Starsp. 70
Cornelius Agrippa on character derived from the starsp. 71
Marsilio Ficino: universal images and stellar raysp. 71
Jean-Baptiste Morin: the effect of the stars on earthp. 73
Critics and Defendersp. 74
Jean Calvin's denunciation of judicial astrologyp. 74
Claudius Caelestinus: the reasons astrology has been condemnedp. 75
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola: the problems with astrologyp. 76
Claude Saumaise: people do not need the stars to read characterp. 77
Pierre Bayle on the role of the planets in astrologyp. 78
Claude Pithoys: judicial astrology is blasphemousp. 79
J.-B. Bossuet: evil spirits use astrology to mislead human beingsp. 80
Palingenius: stars rule the worldp. 82
Girolamo Cardano: astrology is the most important of the sciencesp. 82
Girolamo Cardano on the nobility of astrologyp. 83
Girolamo Cardano's praise of astrologyp. 83
Tycho Brahe: the reality of planetary and stellar influencep. 84
Character-reading and Advicep. 86
Girolamo Cardano: Luther's horoscopep. 86
Girolamo Cardano on his own horoscopep. 87
A prophecy of King Alfonso to King Ferdinandp. 88
Girolamo Cardano: a correct prediction of Pico's deathp. 88
Jerome Purpurat to Nostradamus (1560)p. 89
Johannes Lobbetius to Nostradamus (1565)p. 89
Marsilio Ficino to Lorenzo de'Medici (1490)p. 90
Cornelius Agrippa on the influence of the planets on people's appearancep. 91
Tommaso Campanella on favourable and unfavourable planetsp. 92
Melanchthon: the stars and people's temperamentsp. 93
Erasmus on his natal starsp. 94
Jean Bodin: the stars and geographyp. 94
Medicinep. 95
Cornelius Agrippa: planetary influences on the bodyp. 96
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola: planets and bilep. 97
Tommaso Campanella: planets, diseases and deathp. 98
Johann Kepler: planets and making medicinesp. 100
Giovanni Indagine: the canons of astrology relating to judgements about illnessesp. 101
Claude Saumaise: the nature of personal characteristicsp. 102
Claude Saumaise on climacteric yearsp. 102
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola: planets govern periods of human lifep. 104
Magicp. 104
Jean-Baptiste Morin: Jupiter's astrological associationsp. 105
Tommaso Campanella: astral magicp. 106
Paracelsus on making astrological lamensp. 107
Musicp. 108
Marsilio Ficino on music and the planetsp. 108
Religionp. 109
Marsilio Ficino to Federico, Duke of Urbino (1481)p. 110
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola: conjunctions and major religious eventsp. 110
Sixtus V against astrology and divination (1586)p. 111
Tommaso Campanella argues with the Popep. 113
Magicp. 115
Different Types of Magicp. 115
Cornelius Agrippa on magicp. 115
Marsilio Ficino on harmful and acceptable magicp. 116
Benito Pereira: types of magicp. 117
Martino Del Rio on vain observancep. 118
The Antiquity of Magicp. 118
Marsilio Ficino on the history of magicp. 118
Pietro Crinito on ancient theurgistsp. 120
Bernardus Penotus on ancient doctors and magicp. 121
Magicians, their Aims and Techniquesp. 121
Jean Bodin: definition of a magicianp. 122
Palingenius: some devastating effects of magicp. 122
Jacques Grevin: poisonous sorceryp. 122
Johannes Reuchlin: a protective amuletp. 123
Girolamo Cardano on sigilsp. 124
Girolamo Menghi: evidence of maleficent magicp. 124
Cornelius Agrippa: occult and sympathetic properties in magicp. 125
Palingenius: dealing with spiritsp. 126
Oswald Croll: how to make an amuletp. 127
Adam Olearius: apparent magic in Moscowp. 128
Arngrimur Jonsson: Letters to Ole Worm (1627, 1632)p. 129
Athanasius Kircher on capturing fish by magical incantationp. 129
Counter-magicp. 131
Francisco Torreblanca Villalpando on ways of curing bewitchmentp. 132
Zacharias Vicecomes: physical remedies for those who have been bewitchedp. 133
Martino Del Rio: may one use a magician to remove bewitchment?p. 134
Magic and Kabbalahp. 137
Manuel do Valle de Moura on the Jewish view of Kabbalahp. 137
Francisco Torreblanca Villalpando: Kabbalistic words have no actual powerp. 138
Andreas Libavius on the history of Kabbalahp. 138
Johannes Reuchlin: a definition of Kabbalahp. 139
Federico Borromeo on the Kabbalistic system and the Tree of Lifep. 139
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola: conclusions about the Kabbalahp. 142
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola: Kabbalistic interpretationp. 144
Johannes Reuchlin: Kabbalah and Godp. 145
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola: conclusions on Kabbalah and magicp. 146
Jean Bodin on the extraordinary possibilities of Kabbalistic Interpretationp. 147
Magic and Medicinep. 148
Athanasius Kircher: an amulet against the plaguep. 149
Oswald Croll on signaturesp. 150
Francois Perreaud on signs and symptoms often mistaken as demonicp. 152
Daniel Sennert: the medical causes of an incubusp. 153
Claude Pithoys: difficulties in assessing apparent demonic possessionp. 154
Letter to Philibert de La Marre (1647)p. 156
Tricksp. 160
Girolamo Cardano on a card-sharpp. 160
Johann Stumpf: farcical tricks in a monasteryp. 162
Heresyp. 164
Martino Del Rio: heresy spreads evil spiritsp. 164
Nicolas des Gallars: Catholics protect witches and sorcerersp. 167
Jean Gay: Protestants have revived magicp. 168
Anonymous historian: Protestants meet in 'sabbats'p. 168
Manuel do Valle de Moura: an account of three magiciansp. 169
Witchesp. 171
Johann Weyer on a lamiap. 172
Lambert Daneau on witches' assembliesp. 173
Girolamo Cardano: witches and the Mistress of the Playp. 174
Luther: one of his mother's neighbours was a witchp. 176
Lambert Daneau: Satan deceives witchesp. 177
Jean Bodin: witches cannot fly through the airp. 177
Zacharias Vicecomes: signs of bewitchmentp. 178
Monsieur des Niau on the possessed nuns of Loudun (1634)p. 179
Stephanus de Guelo's judgement upon a witchp. 180
Andrea Cesalpino on illusionp. 182
Johann Weyer: how Bologna deals with witchesp. 182
Casimir Czartoriski condemns barbarous treatment of suspect witchesp. 183
Scepticism?p. 186
Michel Montaigne on an encounter with witchesp. 186
Martino Del Rio: doubts about the 'witch's mark'p. 187
Martin von Arles on dubious beliefs about witchesp. 188
Pierre Bayle: magic idolatry is worse than atheismp. 189
Manuel do Valle de Moura: magical power may well be realp. 189
Alchemyp. 191
The Nature of the Sciencep. 192
Basilius Valentinus on achieving the Stonep. 192
George Phaedro Rodocherus: the theory of the Stone and its preparationp. 193
Paracelsus on sulphur, quicksilver and the various stages of the alchemical processp. 198
Andreas Libavius: technical termsp. 200
Luther on alchemy and the Last Judgementp. 202
Isaac Newton: an alchemical processp. 202
Practitioners and their Workp. 203
Michael Sendivogius: a meeting of alchemistsp. 203
Anonymous: Saturn and Mars describe their roles in alchemyp. 204
Balthasar de Monconys on his personal experiences as an alchemistp. 205
Paracelsus: practical instructionsp. 206
Adam von Bodenstein: Letter to the Fuggers (1559)p. 207
Anonymous: Life of Sendivogiusp. 210
Denis Zacaire: his life as an alchemistp. 214
Spinoza: an alchemical transmutationp. 218
Fraudsp. 220
Andreas Libavius: calumnies against alchemyp. 220
Bernardinus Gometius de Medis on an elaborate fraudp. 221
Alchemy and Medicinep. 223
Johann Isaac of Holland on the uses of the Stonep. 223
Bibliographyp. 225
Indexp. 237
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780333688144
ISBN-10: 0333688147
Series: Documents in History
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 264
Published: 2nd February 1999
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 13.97  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 0.45
Edition Number: 1