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The Nile and Its Masters: Past, Present, Future : Source of Hope and Anger - Jean Kerisel

The Nile and Its Masters: Past, Present, Future

Source of Hope and Anger

Hardcover

Published: 1st January 2001
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The Pharoahs were masters of the Nile: they had a detailed understanding of the ways of the river.  Modern Egyptians see themselves as heirs to this tradition, and as owners of the Nile waters.   In the 1960's,  Egypt decided to protect its increasingly-populated Nile valley from the ravages of annual flooding by building a dam. A relatively small dam in the valley of Nubia, in the region of Tushka, would have enabled the excess floodwaters to safely be diverted towards the fossil valley of the pre-Nile. However, it was decided to select a site near Aswan, making it necessary to inundate more than 250km of river valley. Over the years, this strategy has been revealed to have been faulty, and numerous irrigation schemes in  upriver countries have progressively reduced the amount of water descending into Egypt. The dire warning of the 14th century oracle appears to be prophetic: "the water of the river in my country will be stopped from reaching yours, which I shall cause to die of thirst..."

The Goddess Neithp. IX
Introductionp. XIII
The Nile, an Ancestral Waterwayp. 3
The riverp. 5
Born in the southern hemisphere, in the heart of the Rift Valleyp. 5
The ancient Nilesp. 10
Two peculiarities of the Nilep. 14
A singular profilep. 14
A singular pattern of flowp. 15
Mankindp. 18
The Rift Valley: cradle of the Nile and of the human racep. 18
Humanity on the move towards the Nile Valley: the branches of evolutionp. 19
The plain of Egypt, homeland for modern man after the last glaciationp. 23
Forgotten peoples and ancient rains in the Saharap. 24
The Pharaohs reject their African inheritancep. 25
The Age of the Pharaohs: Their Subtle Understanding of Waterp. 31
Light and shade in our knowledge of ancient Egyptp. 31
The gift of the Nilep. 34
A human institution forged by geography, hydraulics and astronomyp. 37
The base of the social pyramid: the peasant, the soil and waterp. 38
The middle class: influence of the milieu and creativityp. 40
The deep understanding of water in ancient Egyptp. 41
Memphis, the great capital with ramparts assailed by the inundationp. 41
The first Memphisp. 45
The great Memphis, with its ramparts of dressed stonep. 47
Size of Memphisp. 50
Access from the Nile: a waterway to the foot of the western slopesp. 52
From nome to nome: the chain of water basinsp. 55
Passing from one 'horizon' to the nextp. 55
Perunefer, port of Memphis and major port of Egyptp. 58
Water and funerary rites: The tomb of Ramesses II and the horizon of Cheopsp. 62
The tomb of Ramesses IIp. 63
The burial chamber of the Pharaoh Cheopsp. 66
The horizon of Cheopsp. 68
The importance of what Herodotus saysp. 68
The Pharaohs: examples of their wisdom and skillp. 71
Autocracy, patriotism and devotion to Ma'atp. 72
Respect for the pastp. 74
A rational desire to excelp. 74
Frontiersp. 74
Architecturep. 75
Artp. 75
Technical researchp. 77
The decline and its causesp. 82
Gradual fading of the memoryp. 84
The Nineteenth Century: Persistence of the Pharaonic Dreamp. 91
Egyptomania and pharaonic ambitionsp. 91
Bonapartep. 92
A commemoration a quarter of a century ahead of timep. 95
Awakening of nationalismp. 96
Mehemet Ali, a self-taught foreigner with traits of a Pharaohp. 96
Ferdinand de Lesseps, conqueror of the isthmus and victim of fir'auniap. 102
Visible and invisible mysteries of the isthmusp. 102
The exodus of the Hebrewsp. 106
Ancient canals from the Mediterranean to the Red Seap. 107
Construction of the nineteenth century Suez Canalp. 108
Two Christmasses: 1798 and 1854p. 110
The advantages enjoyed by de Lessepsp. 110
The obstaclesp. 111
The digging of the canal: the question of forced labourp. 112
Ismail the magnificent ruins his countryp. 114
Another pharaonic dream--with dire consequences for Francep. 115
The Suez Canal, a festering wound for the Egyptiansp. 119
Egypt in Modern Timesp. 120
Nasser, Ahmose of modern times, Pharaoh of liberation and another case of hubrisp. 120
The High Dam: ignorance of the wisdom of the Pharaohsp. 122
A slowly growing awareness: the huge spillway like a cannon trained on the busy plainp. 123
The consequence of hubris: such a long time to fill the reservoirp. 127
A return to the wisdom of the Pharaohs: admission of the error in the Soviet projectp. 130
A smaller dam on the Egyptian border would have sufficedp. 132
Unnecessary drowning of the temples and villages of Lower Nubiap. 133
The two temples of Abu Simbel could have been sparedp. 135
An idea for Abu Simbelp. 137
Consequences of the High Dam as builtp. 137
Medium and long-term problems: silting of the reservoirp. 141
The Nile, Major Source of Conflict in the Twenty-First Century: Egypt Versus the Upriver Countriesp. 143
The new Nile valley, valley of hope: another pharaonic dreamp. 143
The difficulties of the new valley projectp. 144
The El Salam or Peace Canal: a curious offshoot of the Nile's hydraulic systemp. 147
Egypt's water needsp. 149
Changes in the agricultural economyp. 149
The rule of three, key to Egypt's agriculturep. 149
Total annual needsp. 150
The 1959 water-sharing agreement between Egypt and Sudanp. 150
Impact of the new valley projectp. 150
The Tushka pumping station and the anger of Ethiopiap. 152
Threats from Sudan and Ethiopia: levies at the sourcep. 153
The problematic renegotiation of Nile water rightsp. 156
The need for a new mental outlookp. 157
Israel, the Arab League and the Zionist lobby in the United Statesp. 160
A coming war for the waters of the Nile? Some ancient propheciesp. 162
A long-term solution: federal cooperation between the three Blue Nile statesp. 165
The hieroglyphs and hydraulic engineeringp. 167
The High Dam, a challenge to the Westp. 168
Use of the Grand Gallery as a hoist: A few calculationsp. 169
Indexp. 171
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789058093431
ISBN-10: 9058093433
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 184
Published: 1st January 2001
Publisher: TAYLOR & FRANCIS
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.56
Edition Number: 1