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The New Disability History : American Perspectives - Paul K. Longmore

The New Disability History

American Perspectives

By: Paul K. Longmore (Editor), Lauri Umansky (Editor)

Paperback Published: 1st March 2001
ISBN: 9780814785645
Number Of Pages: 422

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Disability has always been a preoccupation of American society and culture. From antebellum debates about qualification for citizenship to current controversies over access and "reasonable accommodations," disability has been present, in penumbra if not in print, on virtually every page of American history. Yet historians have only recently begun the deep excavation necessary to retrieve lives shrouded in religious, then medical, and always deep-seated cultural, misunderstanding.

This volume opens up disability's hidden history. In these pages, a North Carolina Youth finds his identity as a deaf Southerner challenged in Civil War-era New York. Deaf community leaders ardently defend sign language in early 20th century America. The mythic Helen Keller and the long-forgotten American Blind People's higher Education and General Improvement Association each struggle to shape public and private roles for blind Americans. White and black disabled World War I and II veterans contest public policies and cultural values to claim their citizenship rights. Neurasthenic Alice James and injured turn-of-the-century railroadmen grapple with the interplay of disability and gender. Progressive-era "rehabilitationists" fashion programs to make "crippled" children economically productive and socially valid, and two Depression-era fathers murder their sons as public opinion blames the boys' mothers for having cherished the lads' lives. These and many other figures lead readers through hospital-schools, courtrooms, advocacy journals, and beyond to discover disability's past.

Coupling empirical evidence with the interdisciplinary tools and insights of disability studies, the book explores the complex meanings of disability as identity and cultural signifier in American history.

Table of Contents

Industry Reviews

"With this work, Longmore and Umansky offer historians, sociologists and other readers intrigued by this area of scholarship an opportunity to understand disabilities as broader and more complex than a single, generic and primarily medical category."--Publishers Weekly

Introduction: Disability History: From the Margins to the Mainstreamp. 1
Uses and Contests
Disability and the Justification of Inequality in American Historyp. 33
"Speech Has an Extraordinary Humanizing Power": Horace Mann and the Problem of Nineteenth-Century American Deaf Educationp. 58
"This Unnatural and Fratricidal Strife": A Family's Negotiation of the Civil War, Deafness, and Independencep. 83
"Trying to Idle": Work and Disability in The Diary of Alice Jamesp. 107
Redefinitions and Resistance
A Pupil and a Patient: Hospital-Schools in Progressive Americap. 133
Cold Charity: Manhood, Brotherhood, and the Transformation of Disability, 1870-1900p. 157
The Outlook of The Problem and the Problem with the Outlook: Two Advocacy Journals Reinvent Blind People in Turn-of-the-Century Americap. 187
Reading between the Signs: Defending Deaf Culture in Early Twentieth-Century Americap. 214
Medicine, Bureaucracy, and Social Welfare: The Politics of Disability Compensation for American Veterans of World War Ip. 236
Helen Keller and the Politics of Civic Fitnessp. 268
Images and Identities
Martyred Mothers and Merciful Fathers: Exploring Disability and Motherhood in the Lives of Jerome Greenfield and Raymond Repouillep. 293
Blind and Enlightened: The Contested Origins of the Egalitarian Politics of the Blinded Veterans Associationp. 313
Seeing the Disabled: Visual Rhetorics of Disability in Popular Photographyp. 335
American Disability Policy in the Twentieth Centuryp. 375
Contributorsp. 393
Indexp. 397
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780814785645
ISBN-10: 0814785646
Series: History of Disability
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 422
Published: 1st March 2001
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.66 x 15.44  x 2.03
Weight (kg): 0.56

Earn 82 Qantas Points
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