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The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies - Guenter Lewy

The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies

Hardcover Published: 16th December 1999
ISBN: 9780195125566
Number Of Pages: 318

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Roaming the countryside in caravans, earning their living as musicians, peddlers, and fortune-tellers, the Gypsies and their elusive way of life represented an affront to Nazi ideas of social order, hard work, and racial purity. They were branded as "asocials," harassed, and eventually herded into concentration camps where many thousands were killed. But until now the story of their persecution has either been overlooked or distorted.
In The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies, Guenter Lewy draws upon thousands of documents--many never before used--from German and Austrian archives to provide the most comprehensive and accurate study available of the fate of the Gypsies under the Nazi regime. Lewy traces the escalating vilification of the Gypsies as the Nazis instigated a widespread crackdown on the "work-shy" and "itinerants." But he shows that Nazi policy towards Gypsies was confused and changeable. At first, local officials persecuted gypsies, and those who behaved in gypsy-like fashion, for allegedly anti-social tendencies. Later, with the rise of race obsession, Gypsies were seen as a threat to German racial purity, though Himmler himself wavered, trying to save those he considered "pure Gypsies" descended from Aryan roots in India. Indeed, Lewy contradicts much existing scholarship in showing that, however much the Gypsies were persecuted, there was no general program of extermination analogous to the "final solution" for the Jews.
Exploring in heart-rending detail the fates of individual Gypsies and their families, The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies makes an important addition to our understanding both of the history of this mysterious people and of all facets of the Nazi terror.

Industry Reviews

"A reasoned, academic overview of the often historically neglected Nazi persecution of the gypsies. The book is very accessible to the general reader, filled with poignant details of individual and community struggles with the growing Nazi terror."--ForeWord

Prefacep. vii
Introduction A History of Oppression and Maltreatmentp. 1
The Prewar Years: a Three-Track Policyp. 15
Track 1: Harassment Stepped Upp. 17
Track 2: Crime Preventionp. 24
Track 3: Confronting an """"Alien Race""""p. 36
The Special Case of the Austrian Gypsiesp. 56
A Tightened Netp. 63
Security Measures and Expulsionsp. 65
Creating Social Outcastsp. 84
Detention and Deportation from the Ostmark (austria)p. 107
The Killing of """"Spies"""" and Hostages in German-Occupied Europep. 117
A Community Destroyed (1943-1945)p. 133
Deportation to Auschwitzp. 135
Life and Death in the Gypsy Family Camp of Auschwitzp. 152
Gypsies in Other Concentration Campsp. 167
Gypsies Exempted from Deportationp. 181
After the Disasterp. 197
Victims and Perpetratorsp. 199
Conclusion: The Course of Persecution Assessedp. 218
Abbreviations and Glossaryp. 229
Notesp. 232
Bibliographyp. 275
Indexp. 297
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195125566
ISBN-10: 0195125568
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 318
Published: 16th December 1999
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 2.24
Weight (kg): 0.63