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The Nature of Scientific Evidence : Statistical, Philosophical and Empirical Considerations - Mark L Taper

The Nature of Scientific Evidence

Statistical, Philosophical and Empirical Considerations

Paperback

Published: 1st September 2004
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An exploration of the statistical foundations of scientific inference, "The Nature of Scientific Evidence" asks what constitutes scientific evidence and whether scientific evidence can be quantified statistically. Mark Taper, Subhash Lele, and an esteemed group of contributors explore the relationships among hypotheses, models, data, and inference on which scientific progress rests in an attempt to develop a new quantitative framework for evidence. Informed by interdisciplinary discussions among scientists, philosophers, and statisticians, they propose a new "evidential" approach, which may be more in keeping with the scientific method. "The Nature of Scientific Evidence" persuasively argues that all scientists should care more about the fine points of statistical philosophy because therein lies the connection between theory and data.
Though the book uses ecology as an exemplary science, the interdisciplinary evaluation of the use of statistics in empirical research will be of interest to any reader engaged in the quantification and evaluation of data.

Foreword
Preface
Scientific ProcessOverview
A Brief Tour of Statistical Concepts
Models of Scientific Inquiry and Statistical Practice: Implications for the Structure of Scientific Knowledge
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Experiments, Observations, and Other Kinds of Evidence
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Logics of EvidenceOverview
An Error-Statistical Philosophy of Evidence
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
The Likelihood Paradigm for Statistical Evidence
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Why Likelihood?
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Evidence Functions and the Optimality of the Law of Likelihood
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Realities of NatureOverview
Whole-Ecosystem Experiments: Replication and Arguing from Error
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Dynamical Models as Paths to Evidence in Ecology
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Constraints on Negative Relationships: Mathematical Causes and Ecological Consequences
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Science, Opinion, and EvidenceOverview
Statistics and the Scientific Method in Ecology
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Taking the Prior Seriously: Bayesian Analysis without Subjective Probability
Commentary
Rejoinder
Elicit Data, Not Prior: On Using Expert Opinion in Ecological Studies
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Models, Realities, and EvidenceOverview
Statistical Distances as Loss Functions in Assessing Model Adequacy
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Model Identification from Many Candidates
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Conclusion
The Nature of Scientific Evidence: A Forward-Looking Synthesis
List of Contributors
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226789576
ISBN-10: 0226789578
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 448
Published: 1st September 2004
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.5  x 3.2
Weight (kg): 0.78