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The Nature of Scientific Evidence : Statistical, Philosophical and Empirical Considerations - Mark L Taper

The Nature of Scientific Evidence

Statistical, Philosophical and Empirical Considerations

Hardcover Published: 1st October 2004
ISBN: 9780226789552
Number Of Pages: 448

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An exploration of the statistical foundations of scientific inference, "The Nature of Scientific Evidence" asks what constitutes scientific evidence and whether scientific evidence can be quantified statistically. Mark Taper, Subhash Lele, and an esteemed group of contributors explore the relationships among hypotheses, models, data, and inference on which scientific progress rests in an attempt to develop a new quantitative framework for evidence. Informed by interdisciplinary discussions among scientists, philosophers, and statisticians, they propose a new "evidential" approach, which may be more in keeping with the scientific method. "The Nature of Scientific Evidence" persuasively argues that all scientists should care more about the fine points of statistical philosophy because therein lies the connection between theory and data.
Though the book uses ecology as an exemplary science, the interdisciplinary evaluation of the use of statistics in empirical research will be of interest to any reader engaged in the quantification and evaluation of data.

""The Nature of Scientific Evidence "may well be viewed as a landmark publication in years to come, one that was the precursor to a new set of statistical methodologies based on evidence and likelihood. . . . We unreservedly recommend it to every ecologist wanting to understand more about the relationship between logic, evidence, analysis and inference - which, after all, constitutes the essence of the scientific method."--Graeme Hastwell and S./i>

--Graeme Hastwell and S. Raghu "Austral Ecology "
"The book is a rare find: a source that could be used in graduate seminars in statistics, philosophy, or biology....It is brimming with ideas....It deserves a read by everyone."
--Marc Mangel"Science" (11/26/2004)
"This is a challenging, stimulating, and important book Although some of the chapters are not for the statistically naive, all are thorough and provocative...."The Nature of Scientific Evidence" should be read by all ecologists who interpret data as evidence for or against specific hypotheses."
--Gerry Quinn"Trends in Ecology and Evolution" (04/01/2005)

Foreword
Preface
Scientific ProcessOverview
A Brief Tour of Statistical Concepts
Models of Scientific Inquiry and Statistical Practice: Implications for the Structure of Scientific Knowledge
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Experiments, Observations, and Other Kinds of Evidence
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Logics of EvidenceOverview
An Error-Statistical Philosophy of Evidence
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
The Likelihood Paradigm for Statistical Evidence
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Why Likelihood?
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Evidence Functions and the Optimality of the Law of Likelihood
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Realities of NatureOverview
Whole-Ecosystem Experiments: Replication and Arguing from Error
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Dynamical Models as Paths to Evidence in Ecology
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Constraints on Negative Relationships: Mathematical Causes and Ecological Consequences
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Science, Opinion, and EvidenceOverview
Statistics and the Scientific Method in Ecology
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Taking the Prior Seriously: Bayesian Analysis without Subjective Probability
Commentary
Rejoinder
Elicit Data, Not Prior: On Using Expert Opinion in Ecological Studies
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Models, Realities, and EvidenceOverview
Statistical Distances as Loss Functions in Assessing Model Adequacy
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Model Identification from Many Candidates
Commentary
Commentary
Rejoinder
Conclusion
The Nature of Scientific Evidence: A Forward-Looking Synthesis
List of Contributors
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226789552
ISBN-10: 0226789551
Series: Women in Culture and Society Ser.
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 448
Published: 1st October 2004
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.8 x 16.4  x 3.8
Weight (kg): 0.89

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