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The Molecular Biology of Plant Mitochondria : Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Plants - Charles S. Levings

The Molecular Biology of Plant Mitochondria

Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Plants

By: Charles S. Levings (Editor), Indra K. Vasil (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th September 1995
ISBN: 9780792332244
Number Of Pages: 673

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Advances in molecular biology and cell culture techniques have provided impetus to investigations of plant mitochondria. The organization of mitochondrial genomes has been intensely studied in maize, wheat, Oenothera, petunia, Brassica, and a few other species. These investigations have disclosed an unusually large and plastic genome, a unique organization based on a master chromosome and subgenomic chromosomes, and extra mitochondrial elements. The structural RNAs of plant mitochondria have furnished several new and exciting discoveries; they include the import of tRNAs into the mitochondria, editing of mRNAs, and the `relaxed' nature of mitochondrial gene promoters. Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is the most common mitochondrial gene mutation; it has, therefore, received extraordinary attention. Several mitochondrial gene mutations have been implicated in causing CMS, and attention is now focusing on the mechanism that causes pollen sterility, and how nuclear restorer genes interact with CMS genes to suppress sterility. Recently, a few other mitochondrial genes have been identified and characterized, which affect important mitochondrial fusions. Mitochondrial polypeptides, both nuclear and mitochondrial, are being studied to learn how they interact to form functional complexes, and how proteins are imported into the mitochondria. Protoplasm fusion experiments have provided a new and exciting means of recombining mtDNA that have generated interesting mutants, including CMS. Mitochondrial DNA replication is focusing on plasmid-like DNA and their origins of replication. Together, these studies have furnished insights into the origin of plant mitochondrial genomes and the relationships among plant species. This volume describes these many new and exciting findings on plant mitochondria.

General preface
Mitochondrial genome organizationp. 1
Mitochondrial plasmids: DNA and RNAp. 61
Mitochondrial transfer RNAs and RNA editingp. 93
Mitochondrial ribosomes and their proteinsp. 131
Mitochondrial transcription and translationp. 185
Protein import into plant mitochondriap. 207
The biochemistry of the mitochondrial matrixp. 237
Bioenergetics: The mitochondrial electron transfer chainp. 281
Regulation of oxidative phosphorylation in plant mitochondriap. 313
The wheat mitochondrial genomep. 345
Mitochondrial genome of ricep. 365
S-type cytoplasmic male sterility in maizep. 395
The Texas male-sterile cytoplasm of maizep. 433
Cytoplasmic male sterility and organelle DNAs of sorghump. 461
Cytoplasmic male sterility in Petuniap. 497
Cytoplasmic male sterility in Brassica speciesp. 515
Mitochondrial DNA in somatic hybrids and cybridsp. 557
Aberrant growth phenotypes associated with mitochondrial genome rearrangements in higher plantsp. 585
The mitochondrial genome of a liverwort, Marchantia polymorphap. 597
Mitochondrial evolutionp. 635
List of contributorsp. 661
Subject indexp. 665
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792332244
ISBN-10: 0792332245
Series: Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Plants
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 673
Published: 30th September 1995
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 3.66
Weight (kg): 1.14

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