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The Management of Mass Burn Casualties and Fire Disasters - M. Masellis

The Management of Mass Burn Casualties and Fire Disasters

By: M. Masellis (Editor), S. William A. Gunn (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: January 1993
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The health professionals are continually developing effective techniques of burns and mass casualty management. In parallel, fire prevention and fire-fighting techniques have developed considerably in most communities. It is therefore surprising that, while aiming at the same objective, the two sectors have rarely come together. The Mediterranean Burns Club is a professional organization that brings together persons concerned with burns therapy and with fire safety in all forms. Identified by the United Nations as a premier scientific body in its field within the programme of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, it initiated the first international gathering of specialists in burns as a surgical, clinical problem, and of counterparts dealing with fires as a social, disaster problem. This novel approach and symbiosis proved timely and succesful. This, the resulting book, reflects the commitment of all concerned to the reduction of fire disasters and the improvement of burns therapy.

Foreword
Acknowledgements
Overview: The First International Conference on Burns and Fire Disastersp. 1
Thermal agent disaster and fire disaster: definition, damage, assessment and relief operationsp. 7
The scientific basis of disaster medicinep. 13
Overcoming the mythology of disasterp. 19
Analysis of severe fire disastersp. 24
Fire disasters in Osakap. 37
Lessons from the Dublin 1981 fire catastrophep. 45
Forest fires and the danger to fire-fightersp. 51
Forest fires in Sicilyp. 60
Safety regulations in high-risk industries. The situation in petrochemical plants in Sicilyp. 64
Domestic fire problems in Third World countriesp. 70
Domestic burns in children caused by butane gas explosionp. 77
Accidents due to electricity and burns. A statistical analysis of events occurring at the National Electricity Energy Board during the period 1988-1989p. 79
Fire in portp. 89
Fire on board shipp. 93
Marine fire casualties in merchant ships: the Greek statisticsp. 106
Fire services at a motor racing trackp. 110
Fire emergency in a hospitalp. 113
Fire prevention countermeasures for cultural properties in Nara Cityp. 116
Immediate assistance and first aid on the spot in fire disasters - education of the public and self-sufficiency trainingp. 121
Health education in disaster medicinep. 133
System of postgraduate training in burn emergencies in Praguep. 140
Training of specialists for burn care in Turkeyp. 145
The organization of safety and fire prevention in a multidisciplinary research centrep. 147
Personal protective equipment in operations involving burn risks: theory and practicep. 162
Risks and protection of fire-fighters in forests. An outlinep. 170
Problems of search and rescue in disastersp. 175
Planning of rescue work in mass fire disasters. The Paris Red Planp. 177
Field logistical organization in the Italian Army Medical Corpsp. 180
The commitment of the Italian Army Medical Corps to relief of the civilian population in the event of public disastersp. 183
The organization of the Italian Army Medical Corps in relation to contributors to civil defence in the event of disastersp. 185
The use of aircraft in fire disasters: the Italian Air Force Medical Corps in burn emergenciesp. 187
Infobrul - the value of a telematic databank for burns and burns centres in the event of a disasterp. 190
Organizational criteria for setting up a field hospital after a fire disasterp. 195
Clinical fire and protocol for general doctors and for non-specialized hospital doctors to assist burn patientsp. 198
Medical care of mass burn victims: the Vishnevsky principles and organization in the Ufa disasterp. 222
On-site treatment of severely burned patientsp. 224
The early cooling of burnsp. 227
Therapeutic kit and procedures for fluid resuscitation in disastersp. 231
Ready-to-use emergency kit for treatment of severe burns: definition and specificationsp. 239
Physiopathology for burn disease during air evacuationp. 243
The use of helicopters in integrated rescue work and medical transportp. 246
Rescue of the burn patient and on-site medical assistance by a helicopter rescue servicep. 249
The burn patient and medically assisted helicopter transportp. 251
The ARGO satellite system: a network for severe burns and disastersp. 253
The Italian Army Medical Corps in the field: flexibility of mobile organizationp. 260
Burn treatment facilities in Turkeyp. 263
The establishment of a burns centre at a general hospital: the Naples experiencep. 265
Cyanide compounds in fire gas toxicity and the role of hydroxycobalaminp. 268
Early management of the critically burned patientp. 273
Psychological reactions in fire disaster emergencies: hypotheses and operational guidelinesp. 278
Prevention and treatment of acute renal failure in the severely burned patientp. 282
Early and late immunological changes in burn patientsp. 285
An approach to the management of hand burns using semipermeable membranesp. 288
Care of traumatic tattoos associated with gunpowder explosions and blast burnsp. 292
Clinical technology in small hospitalsp. 296
Mass media and serious emergenciesp. 301
The mass media and fire disasters - information according to medical and psychological criteriap. 305
The role of the mass media in burn prevention campaigns - psychological considerationsp. 311
The philosophy of a burns prevention campaignp. 314
Communications in the prevention of natural and man-made disasters: the role of the national and international Red Cross and Red Crescent organizationsp. 317
The action of the European Community for civil defencep. 328
Japan's international disaster reliefp. 331
The role of the Italian Red Cross in emergenciesp. 336
Index of Authorsp. 339
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792388043
ISBN-10: 0792388046
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 339
Published: January 1993
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.72