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The Making of an American Thinking Class : Intellectuals and Intelligentsia in Puritan Massachusetts - Darren Staloff

The Making of an American Thinking Class

Intellectuals and Intelligentsia in Puritan Massachusetts

Hardcover Published: 1st November 1997
ISBN: 9780195113525
Number Of Pages: 296

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A radical new interpretation of the political and intellectual history of Puritan Massachusetts, The Making of an American Thinking Class envisions the Bay colony as a seventeenth century one-party state, where congregations served as ideological 'cells' and authority was restricted to an educated elite of ministers and magistrates. From there Staloff offers a broadened conception of the interstices of political, social, and intellectual authority in Puritan Massachusetts and beyond, arguing that ideologies, as well as ideological politics, are produced by self-conscious, and often class-conscious, thinkers.

"An invigorating contribution to the scholarly literature on Puritan New England--original in perspective, forceful in argument, and graceful in presentation. In Staloff's sophisticated retelling, the emergence to authority in Massachusetts of certain intellectuals (clergymen) and intelligentsia (magistrates) as a 'thinking class' shaped the Puritan stronghold's politics and cultural life until 1686. By reading the sources with an uncommonly keen eye for the nuances of power, Staloff sheds new light on many heretofore slighted aspects of Massachusetts history as well as such old chestnuts as the banishing of Roger Williams, the squelching the Quakers, and the jousting over the Halfway Covenant. [Staloff] also offers perceptive new assessments of the Bay Colony's major personalities, including John Cotton, Thomas Hooker, and Increase Mather. Old hands at Puritan studies as well as newcomers to the field will profit immensely from this insightful book."--Alden T. Vaughan, Columbia University "In all probability, [Staloff's book] will quickly become the one book that everyone will read and assign to get into the mind and culture of Puritan New England."--John M. Murrin, Princeton University "Darren Staloff's analytical categories of class and power provide the structure for what is both an excellent social history of political conflicts and a useful political history of religious events. His account gives new, provocative twists to old stories like the Hutchinson trial, disputes over the charter, and the Halfway Covenant...Staloff's dramatic and nuanced narrative reveals not only the interplay of class and power but also the considerable influence of personalities and ideas."--illiam and Mary Quarterly "It offers a genuinely ironical way to understand the New England Puritans' lurch into modernity, a topic of neverending interest to scholars in this field."--Reviews in American History "Staloff presents a provocative argument. It is a thoughtful, intelligent work, one that considers the Puritan elite as dynamic and self-interested. The book is certain to rekindle interest (if it ever died out) in the intellectual history of the Puritans in New England and show us how we can use innovations from other fields, such as sociology, to refine our thinking about history."--The New England Quarterly "Darren Staloff's compact, closely reasoned book provides the best account to date of the institutional means by which the values of Protestant Christianity, whether contained in the Calvinist Federal Theology or the biblicism of the primitive churches, grew to power in Massachusetts, became pervasive, and then waned...To Staloff's great credit, one finishes his book convinced that such notoriously slippery yet monolithic terms as 'the intelligentsia' or 'thinking class' were, in the instance of the seventeenth-century Massachusetts, both identifiable and accurate."--Early American Literature

Introduction Prologue: The Struggle for the Company 1: The Creation of the New England Way: Cultural Authority and the Puritan Thinking Class 2: John Cotton, Roger Williams, and the Problem of Charisma 3: John Cotton and the Dialectic of Antinomian Dissent 4: Antinomianism Defeated 5: Ordering the One-Party Regime 6: Establishing Orthodoxy 7: From the Cambridge Platform to the Half-Way Covenant 8: The Restoration and the Politics of Declension 9: Increase Mather and the Decline of Cultural Domination Appendix A: Key Terms Appendix B: Toward a Postrevisionist Interpretation of Puritanism: Religion, Society, and Politics Notes Index

ISBN: 9780195113525
ISBN-10: 0195113527
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 296
Published: 1st November 1997
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 16.51  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.57