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The Logic of Discovery : A Theory of the Rationality of Scientific Research - Scott A. Kleiner

The Logic of Discovery

A Theory of the Rationality of Scientific Research

Hardcover

Published: 31st July 1993
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Scientific research is viewed as a deliberate activity and the logic of discovery consists of strategies and arguments whereby the best objectives (questions) and optimal means for achieving these objectives (heuristics) are chosen. This book includes a discussion and some proposals regarding the way the logic of questions can be applied to understanding scientific research and draws upon work in artificial intelligence in a discussion of heuristics and methods for appraising heuristics (metaheuristics). It also includes a discussion of a third source for scientific objectives and heuristics; episodes and examplars from the history of science and the history of philosophy.
This book is written to be accessible to advanced students in philosophy and to the scientific community. It is of interest to philosophers of science, philosophers of biology, historians of physics, and historians of biology.

Preface
Introductionp. 1
Recent Philosophy of Science and Discoveryp. 1
Some Misconceptions Regarding Discoveryp. 5
The Method of Hypothesisp. 11
Scientific Inquiryp. 39
Serendipity and the Possibility of Deliberate Innovative Researchp. 40
Case Study: Darwin on the Galapagosp. 44
A General Taxonomy of Scientific Problemsp. 59
Erotetic Logic and Scientific Questionsp. 87
Questions in Aqvist's Erotetic Logicp. 88
Quantified Imperative Epistemic Logic (QIE)p. 90
Answers and Presuppositions to Questionsp. 103
Other Scientific Questionsp. 110
A Methodology for Problem Choicep. 125
Epistemic Obligationsp. 130
Deductions, Subproblems and Evidencep. 140
Criteria for weighting problemsp. 157
Means and Ends: Heuristically unsolvable problemsp. 176
The Pursuit of Questionsp. 183
Problem Spacesp. 183
Process of Induction (PI)p. 204
The Heuristic Character of Traditional Scientific Methodsp. 233
Analysis and Synthesisp. 237
'Inductive' Heuristicsp. 250
Analogical Methodsp. 271
The Method of Hypothesis and Abductionp. 284
Summary and Conclusionsp. 305
Referencesp. 319
Indexp. 327
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792323716
ISBN-10: 0792323718
Series: SYNTHESE LIBRARY
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 340
Published: 31st July 1993
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 16.51  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.66