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The Law and Regulation of International Space and Communication : Telecommunications Library - Rita Lauria White

The Law and Regulation of International Space and Communication

Telecommunications Library

Hardcover Published: 19th January 1988
ISBN: 9780890062746
Number Of Pages: 340

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This book provides a comprehensive discussion of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) space conferences and the laws that where an outgrowth of each. It also reviews international regulation of access to the Geostationary Satellite Orbit (GSO) and the Radio Frequency Spectrum and discusses the evolution of space law.

Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Introduction: The Impact of Space Communication on International Telecommunication Law and Policyp. xvii
Background Information: Historical and Technicalp. 1
Radio and the Geostationary Satellite Orbit: the Rationale for Regulationp. 3
Introductionp. 3
The Nature of Radiop. 4
Radio and the Principle of Harmful Interferencep. 5
The Geostationary Orbitp. 9
The Issue of Orbital Crowdingp. 10
Collision Probabilities in the GSOp. 11
Area of Visibility, Service Area, and Coverage Areap. 13
Frequency Congestionp. 14
Technologies and Techniques for More Effective Use of the GSOp. 16
Signal Polarizationp. 16
Reverse Bandworkingp. 16
Advanced Antenna Designp. 17
Orbit Sectorizationp. 18
Spectrum Segmentationp. 19
Development of New Servicesp. 19
Intersatellite Linksp. 19
Multiple-Access Techniquesp. 20
Use of Higher Frequenciesp. 21
Space Platforms and Multipurpose Satellitesp. 22
Regulatory Techniquesp. 22
Conclusionp. 24
The International Telecommunication Union and the Regulation of Radio: Origins and Evolutionp. 29
Introductionp. 29
The International Telegraph Unionp. 30
The 1865 Paris Telegraph Conferencep. 30
The 1868 Vienna Telegraph Conferencep. 31
The 1871 Rome Telegraph Conferencep. 31
The 1875 St. Petersburg Telegraph Conferencep. 32
The 1885 Berlin Telegraph Conferencep. 33
The 1903 Berlin Preliminary Radio Conferencep. 33
The International Radiotelegraph Unionp. 35
The 1906 Berlin Radiotelegraph Conferencep. 35
The 1912 London Radiotelegraph Conferencep. 36
Post-World War I Non-Union Meetingsp. 39
The Radio Protocol of 1919p. 40
The 1920 Washington Preliminary Conferencep. 40
The 1921 Paris Technical Committeep. 43
The 1927 Washington Radiotelegraph Conferencep. 44
The International Telecommunication Unionp. 46
The 1932 Madrid Conferencesp. 46
The World War II Periodp. 49
The 1947 Atlantic City Conferencesp. 50
Conclusionp. 57
Structure of the Space Communication Law-Making Process in the International Telecommunication Unionp. 63
The Law-Making Conferences of the International Telecommunication Union and Space Communicationp. 65
Introductionp. 65
Purposes of the Unionp. 65
Structure of the Unionp. 67
The Plenipotentiary Conferencep. 67
The International Telecommunication Conventionp. 69
Structure of the Conventionp. 69
Major Provisions of the Conventionp. 70
Structure and Procedure of the Plenipotentiary Conferencep. 71
Administrative Support for Union Conferencesp. 72
The General Secretariatp. 72
The Administrative Councilp. 73
The Coordination Committeep. 75
Administrative Conferencesp. 75
Structure and Procedure of Administrative Conferencesp. 76
The International Radio Regulationsp. 78
Conclusionp. 82
Judicial and Advisory Organs of the International Telecommunication Union and Space Communicationp. 85
Introductionp. 85
The International Frequency Registration Boardp. 86
Evolution of the Boardp. 87
Creation of the Boardp. 88
Legal Foundations of the Boardp. 89
The Master International Frequency Registerp. 92
Structure and Function of the Boardp. 96
The International Radio Consultative Committeep. 98
Establishment of the Committeep. 99
Structure and Function of the Committeep. 99
Space Radiocommunication and the Committeep. 101
Challenges Facing the Committeep. 103
Conclusionp. 103
The Space Conferencesp. 107
Itu Conferences: 1959-1965 -- Legal Framework for Space Communication Establishedp. 109
Introductionp. 109
Scientific Cooperation Advances International Lawp. 110
Sputnik Challenges International Lawp. 112
The 1959 World Administrative Radio Conferencep. 113
Early Space Communication Regulation Establishedp. 114
The 1959 Space Communication Provisions Inadequatep. 115
The 1959 Geneva Plenipotentiary Conferencep. 115
The 1963 Extraordinary Administrative Radio Conference to Allocate Frequency Bands for Space Radiocommunication Purposesp. 116
Events Leading Up to the 1963 Space Conferencep. 117
Legal Principles Enacted at the Space Conferencep. 119
Full and Equal Legal Status for Space Servicesp. 119
Equitable Access to Space Communicationp. 120
Foundations of the Regulatory Regime for Space Communicationp. 121
New Space Services Definedp. 122
Coordination Procedure Establishedp. 122
Coordination of Earth Stationsp. 124
Coordination of Satellite Systemsp. 126
Preparation for the 1971 Space Telecommunications Conferencep. 128
The 1965 Montreux Plenipotentiary Conferencep. 129
General Provisions Amendedp. 129
Resolutions, Recommendations, and Opinionsp. 130
Conclusionp. 131
ITU Conferences: 1971-1977 -- Legal Principles for Space Communication Extendedp. 137
Introductionp. 137
The 1971 World Administrative Radio Conference for Space Telecommunicationsp. 138
New Services Defined and Frequencies Allocated for Their Usep. 139
Revision of Coordination, Notification, and Registration Proceduresp. 144
Resolution Spa 2-1 and Recommendation Spa 2-1p. 148
The Issue of DBS: Resolutions Spa 2-2 and Spa 2-3p. 149
Revision of Article 7 of the Radio Regulations to Accommodate DBSp. 151
Overview of the Space Telecommunications Conferencep. 152
The 1973 Malaga-Torremolinos Plenipotentiary Conferencep. 152
General Provisions Amendedp. 152
Resolutions, Recommendations, and Opinionsp. 154
The 1977 World Administrative Radio Conference for the Planning of the Broadcasting-Satellite Servicep. 156
Agenda of the Conferencep. 157
The Broadcasting-Satellite Planp. 159
Planning for the Americas Deferredp. 161
Coordination, Notification and Registration of Frequency Assignmentsp. 162
Efficiency Sacrificed for Equityp. 164
Conclusionp. 165
ITU Conferences: 1979-1983 -- from Principle to Practicep. 171
Introductionp. 171
The 1979 World Administrative Radio Conferencep. 173
Preparation for the Conferencep. 175
Revision of the Radio Regulationsp. 176
The 12 GHz Band: Interim Arc Segmentation Plan for Region 2 Replaced by Frequency Segmentation Planp. 177
Planning of the Feeder Links for the Broadcasting-Satellite Servicep. 179
The Fixed-Satellite Servicep. 180
Planning of the Space Servicesp. 183
Resolution 2p. 183
Resolution 3p. 183
Working Group Six Ad-Hoc Twop. 184
Resolution 3: Call for a Spectrum-Orbit Planning Conferencep. 185
From Technical to Political Forump. 186
The 1982 Nairobi Plenipotentiary Conferencep. 188
General Provisions Amendedp. 188
Resolutions, Recommendations, and Opinionsp. 191
The 1983 Regional Administrative Radio Conference for the Planning of the Broadcasting-Satellite Servicep. 192
Conclusionp. 194
The 1985 Space Conference -- to "Guarantee in Practice" Equitable Access to Space Communicationp. 201
Introductionp. 201
The 1985 World Administrative Radio Conference on the Use of the Geostationary-Satellite Orbit and the Planning of the Space Services Utilizing Itp. 202
Agenda of the Conferencep. 203
Preparation for the Conferencep. 204
Conference Resultsp. 205
The Arc Allotment Planp. 207
Regulatory Proceduresp. 209
Planning by Improved Proceduresp. 211
Planning Principlesp. 213
Provisions for Multiadministration Systems and the Issue of International Systems Separate from INTELSATp. 216
Incorporation into the Radio Regulations of the 1983 Direct Broadcast Satellite Plan for Region 2p. 221
Planning of the Feeder Links for the 12 GHz Broadcasting-Satellite Service in Regions 1 and 3p. 221
Recommendation Plen/B Relating to High Definition Television in the Broadcasting-Satellite Servicep. 222
Recommendation Plen/C Relating to Satellite Sound Broadcasting Systems for Individual Reception by Portable and Automobile Receiversp. 222
Recommendation Plen/A: Draft Agenda for the Second Session of the Conferencep. 223
Intersessional Studiesp. 225
Intersessional Duties of the International Frequency Registration Boardp. 225
Intersessional Duties of the International Radio Consultative Committeep. 226
Conclusionp. 226
Special Space Communication Topicsp. 233
Direct Broadcast Satellites and the Evolution in the United Nations of International Space Lawp. 235
Introductionp. 235
The Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Spacep. 236
The United Nations and the International Telecommunication Unionp. 237
The 1963 UN Space Law Declarationp. 240
Initial Consideration of Direct Broadcast Satellitesp. 241
The 1967 UN Treaty on Outer Spacep. 241
The Issue of Direct Broadcast Satellitesp. 243
Approaches to Direct Broadcastp. 246
The Legal Impasse Surrounding Direct Broadcastp. 248
Conclusionp. 251
Conclusion: Space Communication -- Toward Cultural and Legal Convergence in the Global Villagep. 255
Glossaryp. 267
Bibliographyp. 273
Indexp. 281
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890062746
ISBN-10: 0890062749
Series: Telecommunications Library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 340
Published: 19th January 1988
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.2
Weight (kg): 0.67