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The Large Hadron Collider : Unraveling the Mysteries of the Universe - Martin Beech

The Large Hadron Collider

Unraveling the Mysteries of the Universe

Paperback

Published: 5th August 2010
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It may at first seem that the world of subatomic physics is far removed from our every day lives. Isn't it all just a waste of time and taxpayers' money? Hopefully, all who read this book will come to a different conclusion. Collider physics is all about our origins, and this aspect alone makes it worthy of our very best attention. The experiments conducted within the vast collider chambers are at the forefront of humanity's quest to unweave the great tapestry that is the universe. Everything is connected. Within the macrocosm is the microcosm. By knowing how matter is structured, how atoms and elementary particles interact, and what forces control the interactions between the particles, we discover further clues as to why the universe is the way it is, and we uncover glimpses of how everything came into being.

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), in the process of coming online at CERN, is the world's largest and most complex machine. It represents the pinnacle of human ingenuity, and its physical characteristics, costs, and workings astound us at every turn.

We are literally humbled by the machine that has been produced through a grand international collaboration of scientists. This book is about what those scientists hope to discover with the LHC, for hopes do run high, and there is much at stake. Careers, reputations and prestigious science prizes will be realized, and possibly lost, in the wake of the results that the LHC will produce. And there are risks, real and imagined. The LHC will probe the very fabric of matter and it will help us understand the very weft and the weave of the universe.

From the reviews:

"Beech (Univ. of Regina, Canada) has written this work for general readers who are interested in the construction and purpose of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). ... it provides a very good description of the physics that the LHC hopes to explore. One can consider the work an examination of modern particle physics and cosmology that uses the LHC as a unifier. ... Summing Up: Recommended. General readers and lower-division undergraduates." (E. Kincanon, Choice, Vol. 48 (5), January, 2011)

The Story of Matterp. 1
A Few Searching Questionsp. 1
The Smallest of Thingsp. 5
Mysterium Cosmographicump. 9
A Particle Primerp. 11
Thomson's Plum Pudding and an Unexpected Reboundp. 12
The Quantum World and the Bohr Atomp. 15
The New Quantum Mechanicsp. 21
Exclusionp. 23
Fermi's Little Neutronp. 24
Three Quarks for Muster Mark!p. 29
Building the Universep. 31
The Matter Alphabetp. 31
We Are of the Starsp. 32
The Hubble Deep Fieldp. 38
Moving Forwardsp. 40
The World's Most Complicated Machinep. 41
The End of the Beginningp. 42
Disappointment and Setbackp. 46
Court Case Number 1:2008cv00136p. 48
Afterwardsp. 50
Overview: A Proton's Journeyp. 51
The Journey to the LHCp. 56
Collider Basicsp. 57
The Detectorsp. 62
The Standard Model, the Higgs, and Beyondp. 71
Generation the First - An Acrosticp. 71
Feeling the Forcep. 74
The Higgs Field - Achieving Massp. 78
Feynman Diagramsp. 79
Searching for the Higgsp. 82
Supersymmetryp. 86
Exotica: Going Up, Going Downp. 88
The Big Bang and the First 380,000 Yearsp. 91
The Big Bangp. 95
The Critical Density and ¿p. 98
The Microwave Backgroundp. 99
Primordial Nucleosynthesisp. 103
Inflation, Flatness, Horizons, and a Free Lunchp. 105
The Quark-Gluon Plasmap. 110
ALICE: In Experimental Wonderlandp. 113
Matter/Antimatter: It Matters!p. 115
Getting to the Bottom of Thingsp. 117
Dark Mattersp. 121
Interstellar Mattersp. 122
Where Are We?p. 126
Unraveling the Nebula Mysteryp. 128
The Galaxy Zoop. 130
The Local Groupp. 132
Galaxy Clustersp. 133
Where's the Missing Mass?p. 135
All in a Spin: Dark Matter Foundp. 137
Gravitational Lenses and Anamorphic Galaxiesp. 142
Some Dark Matter Candidatesp. 147
The Neutralinop. 147
Looking for MACHOsp. 149
DAMA Finds WIMPS, Maybep. 149
CDMS Sees Two, Well, Maybep. 151
Bubbles at COUPPp. 151
CHAMPs and SIMPsp. 153
PAMELA Finds an Excessp. 155
Fermi's Needle in a Haystackp. 156
ADMXp. 157
Euclid's Dark Mapp. 157
The MOND Alternativep. 159
Dark Stars and Y (4140)p. 160
Dark Energy and an Accelerating Universep. 163
The Measure of the Starsp. 165
An Expanding Universep. 167
Death Throes and Distancep. 169
Future Sun - Take Onep. 170
The Degenerate World of White Dwarfsp. 172
Future Sun - Take Twop. 175
The Case of IK Pegasus Bp. 177
High-Z Supernova Surveysp. 179
Dark Energy and ACDM Cosmologyp. 180
A Distant Darknessp. 184
Testing Copernicusp. 186
The Waiting Gamep. 189
Hoping for the Unexpectedp. 189
Massive Star Evolutionp. 190
The Strange Case of RXJ1856.5-3754 and Pulsar 3C58p. 198
Small, Dark, and Many Dimensionedp. 203
This Magnet Has Only One Pole!p. 211
These Rays Are Truly Cosmicp. 214
Looking Forward to LHCfp. 218
The King Is Dead! Long Live the King!p. 219
Units and Constantsp. 223
Acronym Listp. 225
Glossary of Technical Termsp. 229
Indexp. 233
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781441956675
ISBN-10: 1441956670
Series: Astronomers' Universe
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 218
Published: 5th August 2010
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.35
Weight (kg): 0.43