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The Jewish Exodus from Iraq, 1948-1951 - Moshe Gat

The Jewish Exodus from Iraq, 1948-1951

By: Moshe Gat

Paperback Published: 1st April 1997
ISBN: 9780714642239
Number Of Pages: 224

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In 1950 and 1951, more than 120,000 Jews left Iraq for Israel, most coming by air in the largest airlift in history. Scholars give various reasons for this exodus. Some point to the strength of Zionism amongst the Jews in Iraq whereas others blame the anti-Semitic policies of the Iraqi government. Yet others see the cause as a combination of Iraqi oppression and Zionist education.
Moshe Gat makes extensive use of the available official documents and primary sources to produce a thoroughly researched study of the extraordinary operation known as 'Ezra and Nehemiah'. He provides a background to these events and argues that both Iraqi discrimination and the actions of the Zionist underground in previous years played a part in the flight. The Denaturalization law of 1950 saw tens of thousands of Jews registering for emigration, and a bomb thrown at a synagogue in 1951 accelerated the exodus.

Prefacep. 1
The Socio-economic Conditions of the Jewish Communityp. 5
Modernization processesp. 5
Jewish integration into Iraqi societyp. 12
The Jewish Community in the Independent Iraqi Statep. 17
The June 1941 riots (farhud)p. 17
Establishing the undergroundp. 25
On the eve of the Arab invasion of Israelp. 28
Iraq Changes its Official Policy towards the Jewish Communityp. 32
The policy of controlled suppressionp. 32
The twilight of the Iraqi Jewish communityp. 42
The Crisis of October--November 1949: A Turning Point for the Jewish Communityp. 51
Iraq, Israel and the Zionist undergroundp. 51
The underground movement exploits the crisisp. 58
The Legislation on Jewish Emigrationp. 68
The escape movement and its impactp. 68
The Jews and the economyp. 74
Zionism and Communismp. 76
Organizing the Exodusp. 79
The Iranian routep. 79
Ben-Porat's initiative and its outcomep. 90
Near East moves inp. 96
Israel's immigration policyp. 101
Iraq, Israel and the Jewish Emigration Questionp. 106
Between the hammer and the anvilp. 106
Nuri as-Said--a solution at all costsp. 118
Ending the Iraqi diasporap. 134
The Property Freezing Law--March 1951p. 144
The lawp. 144
Israeli policyp. 151
Was Terror Employed to Accelerate the Exodus?p. 160
The problem of the 'Prisoners of Zion'p. 160
The underground is tracked downp. 164
The connection between the bombings and the exodus of the Jewsp. 175
Conclusionp. 192
Abbreviations and Bibliographyp. 196
Indexp. 205
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780714642239
ISBN-10: 0714642231
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 224
Published: 1st April 1997
Publisher: F CASS PUBN
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.33
Edition Number: 1