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The Jesuit Relations : Natives and Missionaries in Seventeenth-Century North America - Allan Greer

The Jesuit Relations

Natives and Missionaries in Seventeenth-Century North America

By: Allan Greer (Editor)

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Published: 7th February 2000
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As a 73-volume library, the original The Jesuit Relations has long been inaccessible to undergraduate students. Vitally important, the writings of seventeenth-century French Jesuits in Native North America tell the story of early American encounters. This new edition deftly binds them into a thematically arranged, 35-document sampler with a detailed introduction that provides background on these missionaries, the Indians, and their cohabitation in early North America. Colorful journal entries by such fathers as Paul LeJeune, Jean de Brébeuf, Isaac Jogues, and Jacques Marquette describe the Huron, Algonquin, Iroquois, and Montagnais peoples. Eleven images, two maps, a chronology, a bibliography, and questions for consideration supplement these firsthand accounts.

'The Jesuit Relations are among the most scholarly sources for the study of early American history, and they're simply magic in the classroom. Greer's thoughtful translations and his concise, well-informed introduction do justice to these remarkable documents. The gripping, vivid selections from the Relations will fully engage undergraduates, dissolve their stereotypes of both Indians and colonists, and allow them to gain a more nuanced view of life in early America.' - James D. Rice SUNY Plattsburgh 'Once again, Allan Greer has found an engaging way to draw students closer to the cultural encounters occurring in Northeastern North America during the early colonial period. His accessible translations of judiciously selected, generous samples from The Jesuit Relations will help ground fruitful class discussions ranging from the native social organization to the mental worlds of counter-reformation clergymen.' - Catherine Desbarats, McGill University 'The Jesuit Relations is an invaluable source for information about Native Americans in the seventeenth-century Northeast. And where the huge Thwaites edition was suited only to serious scholars, Allan Greer now makes The Relations accessible for modern students. His anthology conveys something of the history of New France, the remarkable zeal of the Jesuit missionaries, and the indigenous worldview of the Huron and Iroquois peoples. Teachers of colonial American history and literature will welcome this book.' - Gordon Sayre, University of Oregon 'Greer has successfully distilled the major themes of The Jesuit Relations into a high-readable volume for undergraduates. The selections present the missionary endeavour in colonial North America from Indian and European views and are sure to provoke classroom conversations on the nature and legacy of the European-Indian encounter.' - Timothy J. Shannon, Gettysburg College 'This is a slim volume well suited to use in the classroom.' - Sixteenth Century Journal

Forewordp. iii
Prefacep. v
List of Maps and Illustrationsp. xiii
Introduction: Native North America and the French Jesuitsp. 1
The Society of Jesus in Europe and Abroadp. 3
Iroquoians and Algonquiansp. 6
The Colonization of New Francep. 9
The Canadian Missionsp. 11
The Jesuit Relations and Their Readersp. 14
Confronting the Other: The Problem of Cultural and Historical Differencep. 16
Montagnais Hunters of the Northern Woodlandsp. 20
Paul Le Jeune Winters with Mestigoit's Band, 1633-1634p. 21
Journal [of a Winter Hunt], 1634p. 23
On Their Hunting and Fishing, 1634p. 26
The Montagnais Describedp. 28
On the Beliefs, Superstitions, and Errors of the Montagnais Indians, 1634p. 28
On the Good Things Which Are Found among the Indians, 1634p. 32
How to Settle Disputes and Discipline Childrenp. 35
What Occurred in New France in the Year 1633, 1633p. 36
Jean de Brebeuf on the Huronsp. 37
Languagep. 38
Of the Language of the Hurons, 1636p. 38
Religion, Myth, and Ritualp. 41
What the Hurons Think about Their Origin, 1636p. 41
That the Hurons Recognize Some Divinity; Of Their Superstitions and of Their Faith in Dreams, 1636p. 46
Concerning Feasts, Dances ... and What They Call Ononharoia, 1636p. 48
Law and Governmentp. 50
Of the Polity of the Hurons and of Their Government, 1636p. 51
Of the Order the Hurons Observe in Their Councils, 1636p. 59
The Huron Feast of the Deadp. 61
Of the Solemn Feast of the Dead, 1636p. 61
Disease and Medicinep. 70
Huron Medical Practicesp. 72
[Cure by Lacrosse], 1636p. 72
[Cure by Gambling], 1639p. 73
[Satisfying the Soul's Desires], 1639p. 75
The Influenza Epidemic of 1637p. 78
The Malady with Which Our Little Household Has Been Afflicted, 1637p. 79
The Help We Have Given to the Sick of Our Village, 1637p. 81
Ossossane Afflicted with the Contagion, 1637p. 82
Of the Hurons Baptized This Year, 1638, 1638p. 89
Smallpox among the Hurons, 1639p. 89
Of the Persecutions Excited against Us, 1640p. 90
A Medical Duel: Father Allouez and the Potawotamisp. 91
Of the Mission to the Potawotamis, 1666-1667p. 92
Diplomacy and Warp. 94
Peace Negotiations at Three Rivers, 1645p. 95
Treaty of Peace between the French, Iroquois, and Other Nations, 1644-1645p. 96
Iroquois Attacks on the Algonquins, 1647p. 106
Some Iroquois Surprised after Defeating the Algonquins; A Woman Kills an Iroquois and Escapes, 1647p. 106
The Hurons Annihilated, 1649p. 111
Of the Capture of the Villages of the Mission of St. Ignace, in the Month of March of the Year 1649, 1648-1649p. 112
Writings on the Natural Environmentp. 119
Montagnais Explanations of a Solar Eclipsep. 119
Of Their Customs and Their Belief, 1637p. 120
The Moral Qualities of Animalsp. 122
Various Matters, 1647-1648p. 122
Earthquakes, Comets, and Other Prophetic Signsp. 123
Three Suns and Other Aerial Phenomena Which Appeared in New France, 1662-1663p. 124
Universal Earthquake in Canada and Its Marvelous Effects, 1662-1663p. 126
Of the Comets and Extraordinary Signs That Have Appeared at Quebec and in Its Vicinity, 1664-1665p. 131
Nature as a Storehouse of Resourcesp. 132
Of the Condition of Canada over the Last Two Years, 1666-1667p. 132
Missions to the Iroquoisp. 136
Mission to the Mohawk Country, 1667p. 137
Of the Mission of Ste. Marie among the Mohawk Iroquois, 1667-1668p. 137
The Mohawks Convertedp. 140
Of the Mission of the Martyrs in the Country of the Mohawks, or the Lower Iroquois, 1669-1670p. 141
The Iroquois Mission of Sault St. Louis/Kahnawakep. 146
Letter of October 14, 1682, 1682p. 147
Martyrs and Mysticsp. 155
The Ordeal of Isaac Joguesp. 155
How Father Isaac Jogues Was Taken by the Iroquois, and What He Suffered on His First Entrance into Their Country, 1647p. 157
A Native Saintp. 171
Catherine Tegahkouita: An Iroquois Virgin, 1744p. 172
Exploring the Mississippip. 186
On the First Voyage by Father Marquette toward New Mexico and How the Idea Was Conceived, 1674p. 188
Appendices
Chronology of Events Related to the Jesuit Relations (1534-1773)p. 212
Questions for Considerationp. 214
Selected Bibliographyp. 215
Indexp. 218
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780312167073
ISBN-10: 0312167075
Series: Bedford Series in History & Culture (Paperback)
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 240
Published: 7th February 2000
Publisher: BEDFORD BOOKS
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.13 x 13.87  x 0.81
Weight (kg): 0.25
Edition Number: 1